- servant; valet; footman
- someone who works in close quarters with the emperor or imperial family - archaism
- low-ranking official who works for the imperial family or nobility (under the Rituryo system) - archaism
- ox-tender for oxcarts; horse boy - archaism
- honorary junior official of the Imperial Household Department's Board of Ceremonies involved in miscellaneous duties related to ceremonies ➜ 宮内省
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