Results, か #adv



  • yes?; no?; isn't it?; is it? - used at sentence-end; indicates a question (sometimes rhetorical)
  • or; whether or not - after each alternative
  • some- (e.g. something, someone) - after an interrogative 何か
  • hmm; huh - indicates doubt, uncertainty, etc.; sometimes after other particles とか


  • very - emphatic prefix; usu. before an adjective か弱い


  • -al; -ial; -ic; -ical; -ish; -y - suffix forming adjectives or adverbs; after an indeclinable word 定か


  • in that way - archaism

Partial results:



  • always; without exception; necessarily; certainly; without fail; positively; invariably

あのanoutaha必ずkanarazuヒットHITTOするsuruyo That song's bound to be a hit.



  • not always; not necessarily; not all; not entirely - used with neg. verb

o金持ちkanemochiha必ずしもkanarazushimo幸福koufukuとはtohaかぎらないkagiranai The rich are not always happy.



  • they (of people); gentlemen (of the ...) - honorific language
  • you (usu. plural) - honorific language


  • various

貴社kishano社員shainno方々katagataniお会いoaiできdekiとてもtotemoうれしくureshiku思いましたomoimashita It was a great pleasure for me to meet many associates of your company.

あちこちachikochiあちらこちらachirakochiraあっちこっちatchikotchiかなたこなたkanatakonataあなたこなたanatakonataobs.アチコチACHIKOCHI Inflection

adverb / pronoun:

  • here and there; all around; everywhere; throughout; all over

~する noun:

  • to get things in the wrong order (back to front); to become muddled up あちこち・あちらこちら・あっちこっち・アチコチ

あちこちachikochideそれsorewo捜したsagashita I have looked for it up and down.

かなりkanari Inflection

~の noun / adjectival noun / adverb:

  • considerably; fairly; quite

マイルMAIRUhaかなりkanarino距離kyorida Four miles is a good distance.

かんむりkanmuriかんkanかむりkamuriかんぶりkanburi Inflection


  • traditional cap worn by Shinto clergy and courtiers 衣冠束帯
  • crown; diadem; coronet
  • top kanji radical かんむり
  • first verse of a haikai, etc. かむり 俳諧

~たる adjective / ~と adverb:

  • best; peerless; first かん


  • name; title; named sponsorship of a program, event, team, etc. かんむり

先生senseiha生徒seitono作ったtsukuttahananokanmuriwoかぶったkabutta The teacher put on a crown of flowers which was made by her pupils.

李下rikanikanmuriwo正さtadasazu Avoiding the appearance of evil.

ここkokonikanmurigaあるaru There's a crown here.

かくべつkakubetsuかくべちkakubechiobs. Inflection

~の noun / adjectival noun / noun:

  • particular; special; exceptional; especial


  • particularly; especially; exceptionally

暑いatsuihino生ビールnamabiirunoajihaまたmata格別kakubetsuda Draft beer tastes especially good on a hot day.


adverb / pronoun:

  • this and that; this or that; one thing or another; this way and that


  • around; about; round about; roughly; nearly; almost かれこれ

もうmouかれこれkarekore10jiですdesu It is almost ten o'clock.



  • on the contrary; rather; all the more; instead

高望みtakanozomiwoするsurutoかえってkaettesonwoするsuru You may go farther and fare worse.


adverb / ~の noun:

  • previously; already; for some time; for quite a while


  • alternately; by turns

二人haかわるがわるkawarugawaru試みたkokoromita The two tried one after the other.


adverb / ~の noun:

  • once; before; formerly; ever; former; ex-
  • never yet; never before; first time; still not happened - used with neg. verb

一般にippanni日本人nipponjinha自分jibunたちtachigaかつてkatsuteよりyori暮らし向きkurashimukigaよくyokuなったnattato考えているkangaeteiru The Japanese at large consider themselves better off than they used to be.


adverb / conjunction:

  • yet; moreover; and

kareha作家sakkaでもありdemoariかつkatsuまたmata政治家seijikaでもあるdemoaru He is a writer and a statesman.



  • barely; narrowly; only just; with difficulty

われわれwarewarehaかろうじてkaroujite事故jikowo免れたmanukareta We narrowly missed the accident.



  • supposing; even if; granting that; for argument's sake
  • temporarily; provisionally; for the time being

あなたanatagaもしmoshi仮にkarini一万ドルDORUwo持っていたらmotteitaraどうしますかdoushimasuka What would you do if you had, say, ten thousand dollars?


expression / adverb / ~の noun:

  • in great numbers

人生jinseiにはniha数多くkazuookuno不可解なfukakainaことkotoga起こるokoru There are many mysteries in life.

かくだんkakudan Inflection

adjectival noun / adverb / noun:

  • special; exceptional; remarkable

両者ryoushanomaにはniha格段kakudanno違いchigaigaあるaru There is a marked difference between them.

がやがやgayagayaガヤガヤGAYAGAYAかやかやkayakayaobs.カヤカヤKAYAKAYAobs. Inflection

adverb / ~と adverb / ~する noun:

  • noisily (crowd of people talking); clamorously; in a hubbub; jabberingly; chatteringly; buzzingly - onomatopoeia

adverb / ~と adverb:

  • loudly (laughing) かやかや・カヤカヤ - onomatopoeia - archaism

~と adverb / adverb:

  • with a clatter - onomatopoeia
  • with a fling (opening a door, window, etc.) - onomatopoeia
  • bright and clear (weather, sky, etc.); perfectly (fine weather) - onomatopoeia
  • nicely dry (laundry, air, etc.); crisply (fried, cooked, etc.) - onomatopoeia
  • cheerfully; frankly; open-heartedly - onomatopoeia
  • completely (forget, change, etc.); totally - onomatopoeia
かっこkakko Inflection

~たる adjective / ~と adverb:

  • firm; unshakeable; resolute
カサカサKASAKASAかさかさkasakasa Inflection

~の noun / adjectival noun / ~する noun / adverb / ~と adverb:

  • dry and rough; desiccated - onomatopoeia

adverb / ~と adverb:

  • rustling - onomatopoeia
カチカチKACHIKACHIコチコチKOCHIKOCHIカチコチKACHIKOCHIかちかちkachikachiこちこちkochikochiかちこちkachikochi Inflection

~と adverb / adverb:

  • ticktock - onomatopoeia
  • chinking (e.g. of a hammer against rock); knocking; clicking; clacking; clattering - onomatopoeia

~の noun / adjectival noun:

  • dry and hard; (frozen) stiff - onomatopoeia
  • hidebound; die-hard; stubborn; obstinate; bigoted - onomatopoeia
  • scared stiff; tense; nervous; frightened - onomatopoeia
カッとKAttoかっとkatto Inflection

adverb / ~する noun:

  • flaring up; burning hotly; suddenly becoming bright - onomatopoeia
  • flying into a rage; losing one's cool - onomatopoeia
  • opening suddenly and widely (e.g. eyes, mouth) - onomatopoeia
  • acting resolutely - onomatopoeia - archaism
かるがるkarugaruかろがろkarogaroobs. Inflection

~と adverb / adverb / ~する noun:

  • lightly; easily; carelessly
かんさんkansan Inflection

~と adverb / adjectival noun / noun:

  • deserted (esp. store, market, town, streets); quiet; still; hushed; empty

adjectival noun / noun:

  • inactive (business, trade, etc.); slack; flat; off-season; quiet; dull
  • idle; free; unoccupied

市場shijouha今日kyouha閑散kansanとしていたtoshiteita The market was quiet today.


No Kanji in this term

© Based on JMdict, KANJIDIC2, and JMnedict, property of the Electronic Dictionary Research and Development Group, used in conformance with the Group's licence. Example sentences from the Tatoeba project (CC BY 2.0). Kanji stroke order data from the KanjiVG project by Ulrich Apel (CC BY-SA 3.0). See comprehensive list of data sources for more info.

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