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I inherited his estate.
She inherited her mother's blue eyes.
He inherited of a great fortune.
GermanEr erbte großen Reichtum.
He succeeded to his father's estate.
PolishOdziedziczył majątek ojca.
He has no claim to the property.
He has some share of his father's genius.
GermanEr hat ein bisschen vom Talent seines Vaters geerbt.
She derives her character from her mother.
She derives her temper from her grandfather.
I am to take over my father's business.
FrenchJe vais reprendre l'affaire de mon père.
This tradition has been passed down from generation to generation.
He came into a fortune when his father died.
FrenchÀ la mort de son père, il perçut son héritage.
He must succeed to his father's business.
He must succeed to his father's business.
He wasted that which he had received from his father.
FrenchIl a perdu ce qu'il a reçu de son père.
This custom has been handed down from generation to generation.
These old customs have been handed down from generation to generation.
SpanishEstas viejas costumbres han sido transmitidas de generación en generación.
All of these abilities are passed on to us by genetic transmission; we receive them by way of the genes that we inherit from our parents.
FrenchTous ces talents nous sont attribués par transmission génétique ; nous les recevons au moyen des gènes que nous héritons de nos parents.
In the case of language, however, it is only the ability to talk and understand that we inherit genetically; the particular language or languages that we speak are passed on to us not by genetic transmission but by cultural transmission.
When we say that a language is culturally transmitted - that is, that it is learned rather than inherited - we mean that it is part of that whole complex of learned and shared behavior that anthropologists call culture.
PolishKiedy mówimy, że język jest przekazywany kulturowo – a więc że jest nabywany, a nie dziedziczony – to chodzi nam o to, że stanowi on część wielkiego zbioru zachowań nabytych i współdzielonych z innymi, który antropologowie nazywają kulturą.


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