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common

/KA/    /GE/    した/shita/    しも/shimo/    もと/moto/    さ.げる/sa.geru/    さ.がる/sa.garu/    くだ.る/kuda.ru/    くだ.り/kuda.ri/    くだ.す/kuda.su/    -くだ.す/-kuda.su/    くだ.さる/kuda.saru/    お.ろす/o.rosu/    お.りる/o.riru/KA//    GE//    shita/した/    shimo/しも/    moto/もと/    sa.geru/さ.げる/    sa.garu/さ.がる/    kuda.ru/くだ.る/    kuda.ri/くだ.り/    kuda.su/くだ.す/    -kuda.su/-くだ.す/    kuda.saru/くだ.さる/    o.rosu/お.ろす/    o.riru/お.りる/

below;  down;  descend;  give;  low;  inferior Frenchau-dessous;  descendre;  bas;  donner (vous me donnez);  inférieur Portuguesebaixo;  abaixo;  descende;  inferior;  sub;  sob Spanishdebajo;  inferior;  debajo de;  parte inferior

Radical: (one).   Strokes: 3画.   Elements: |一卜.   Pinyin: xià.   Hangul:  [ha].   Nanori: さか / しとsaka / shito.

Jōyō Kanji 1st Grade.   JLPT N5.

Example compounds:
KAじょうかjōka】land near the castle
急降きゅうこうかkyūkōka】swoop; nose dive
一品てんかいっぴんtenkaippin】best article under heaven; peerless
したshitaしたごころshitagokoro】secret intention; kanji "heart" radical at bottom
したくさshitakusa】undergrowth; weeds beneath a tree
取りしたどりshitadori】trade in; part exchange
しもshimoかわしもkawashimo】downstream
かざしもkazashimo】leeward; lee
半期しもはんきshimohanki】the last half-year; second half of the year
もとmotoあしもとashimoto】at one's feet; gait; you
もとmoto】under (esp. influence or guidance)
のもとにnomotoni】under the supervision of; underneath; on the basis of
げるsageru押しげるおしさげるoshisageru】to push or press or force down; to depress
掘りげるほりさげるhorisageru】to dig down; to delve into; to get to the bottom of (a matter); to investigate further
繰りげるくりさげるkurisageru】to defer; to postpone
がるsagaru引きがるひきさがるhikisagaru】to withdraw; to leave
垂れがるたれさがるtaresagaru】to hang; to dangle
食いがるくいさがるkuisagaru】to hang on to; to hound; to grab the front of the opponent's mawashi, place one's head against their chest, and lower one's hips
くだkudaruくだるkudaru】to descend; to be handed down (of an order, judgment, etc.); to pass (of time); to surrender; (often in neg. form) to be less than; to have the runs
あまくだるamakudaru】to descend from heaven
野にやにくだるyanikudaru】to leave the government service
くだkudari上りのぼりくだりnoborikudari】rising and falling; going up and down
り列車くだりれっしゃkudariressha】trains going away from the capital; down train
り坂くだりざかkudarizaka】descent; downhill; decline; waning
くだkudasuみくだすmikudasu】to despise; to look down on
くだすkudasu】to make (a decision); to let go down; to do oneself
飲みのみくだすnomikudasu】to swallow; to gulp down
くださるkudasaruさるくださるkudasaru】to give; to confer
ろすorosu書きろすかきおろすkakiorosu】to write a play, book, filmscript, etc.
ろすみおろすmiorosu】to overlook; to despise
ろすおろすorosu】to take down (e.g. flag); to drop off (a passenger from a vehicle); to withdraw money from an account; to wear (clothing) for the first time; to fillet (e.g. a fish)
りるoriru滑りりるすべりおりるsuberioriru】to slide down (a hill) (e.g. ski, toboggan); to slip down
飛びりるとびおりるtobioriru】to jump down; to jump off; to jump from; to jump out of
りるおりるoriru】to descend (e.g. a mountain); to alight (e.g. from bus); to step down; to be granted; to form (of frost, dew, mist, etc.); to be passed (from the body; i.e. of a roundworm)
Codepoints and classification codes:
4e0bUnicode
18-28JIS X 0208
4-3-1SKIP
2m1.2TKD
1023.0Four Corner
3154De Roo
Dictionary indices:
9Classic Nelson
9The New Nelson Character Dictionary by A. Nelson
3378New Japanese-English Character Dictionary by J. Halpern
2115Kanji Learner's Dictionary by J. Halpern
50Remembering the Kanji by J. Heisig
72A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage (Gakken)
46Japanese Names by P.G. O'Neill
30Essential Kanji by P.G. O'Neill
14Daikanwajiten 「大漢和辞典」 by T. Morohashi vol. 1 p. 220
7A Guide to Remembering Japanese Characters by K.G. Henshall
31Kanji & Kana by Spahn and Hadamitzky
21Guide to Reading & Writing Japanese (H) by F. Sakade
6Kanji Flashcards by M. Hodges and T. Okazaki
24Guide to Reading & Writing Japanese: Third Edition 3rd edition by Henshall
13Tuttle Kanji Cards by A. Kask
75The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power by D. Crowley
32Kanji in Context by Nishiguchi and Kono
2.1Japanese for Busy People by the AJLT
4Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
50Y. Maniette's French adaptation of Heisig

common

/KA/    /GA/    /GE/    なつ/natsu/KA//    GA//    GE//    natsu/なつ/

summer Frenchété Portugueseverão Spanishverano

Radical: (go slowly).   Strokes: 10画.   Elements: 一自夂.   Variants: .   Pinyin: xià / jiǎ.   Hangul:  [ha].

Jōyō Kanji 2nd Grade.   JLPT N4.

Example compounds:
KAばんかbanka】late summer; sixth month of the lunar calendar
せいかseika】midsummer; height of summer
秋冬しゅんかしゅうとうshunkashūtō】spring, summer, autumn (fall) and winter; the four seasons
GEげしgeshi】summer solstice
至線げしせんgeshisen】Tropic of Cancer
はんげしょうhangeshō】11th day after the summer solstice; last seed-sowing day
なつnatsuなつくさnatsukusa】summer grass
とこなつtokonatsu】everlasting summer
なつびnatsubi】summer's day
Codepoints and classification codes:
590fUnicode
18-38JIS X 0208
2-2-8SKIP
4i7.5TKD
1024.7Four Corner
3167De Roo
Dictionary indices:
58Classic Nelson
1120The New Nelson Character Dictionary by A. Nelson
2113New Japanese-English Character Dictionary by J. Halpern
1339Kanji Learner's Dictionary by J. Halpern
296Remembering the Kanji by J. Heisig
580A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage (Gakken)
1161Japanese Names by P.G. O'Neill
163Essential Kanji by P.G. O'Neill
5720Daikanwajiten 「大漢和辞典」 by T. Morohashi vol. 3 p. 303
82A Guide to Remembering Japanese Characters by K.G. Henshall
461Kanji & Kana by Spahn and Hadamitzky
52Guide to Reading & Writing Japanese (H) by F. Sakade
148Kanji Flashcards by M. Hodges and T. Okazaki
88Guide to Reading & Writing Japanese: Third Edition 3rd edition by Henshall
188Tuttle Kanji Cards by A. Kask
97Kanji in Context by Nishiguchi and Kono
3.10Japanese for Busy People by the AJLT
402Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
302Y. Maniette's French adaptation of Heisig

common

/KA/    ひま/hima/    いとま/itoma/KA//    hima/ひま/    itoma/いとま/

spare time;  rest;  leisure;  time;  leave of absence Frenchtemps libre;  repos;  loisirs;  temps;  congé Portuguesetempo livre;  descanso;  lazer;  tempo;  ausência Spanishtiempo libre;  descanso;  ocio;  tiempo libre ocio;  separación;  adiós

Radical: (sun).   Strokes: 13画.   Elements: 日又.   Pinyin: xiá / xià.   Hangul:  [ga].

Jōyō Kanji High School.   JLPT N1.

Example compounds:
KAすんかsunka】moment's leisure; free minute
よかyoka】leisure; leisure time; spare time
きゅうかkyūka】holiday; day off; furlough; absence (from work)
ひまhimaがないひまがないhimaganai】busy; having no (free) time
つぶしひまつぶしhimatsubushi】waste of time; killing time
ひまhima】spare time; time off; quitting (one's job); (of one's time) free; leaving
いとまitomaいとまitoma】spare time; time off; quitting (one's job); (of one's time) free; leaving
乞いいとまごいitomagoi】leave-taking; offering one's resignation; farewell visit
も無くいとまもなくitomamonaku】without losing time (e.g. to do); without even time for (doing something)
Codepoints and classification codes:
6687Unicode
18-43JIS X 0208
1-4-9SKIP
4c9.1TKD
6704.7Four Corner
3867De Roo
Dictionary indices:
2152Classic Nelson
2501The New Nelson Character Dictionary by A. Nelson
1012New Japanese-English Character Dictionary by J. Halpern
691Kanji Learner's Dictionary by J. Halpern
1882Remembering the Kanji by J. Heisig
1547A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage (Gakken)
891Essential Kanji by P.G. O'Neill
14036Daikanwajiten 「大漢和辞典」 by T. Morohashi vol. 5 p. 911
1050A Guide to Remembering Japanese Characters by K.G. Henshall
1064Kanji & Kana by Spahn and Hadamitzky
1410Kanji Flashcards by M. Hodges and T. Okazaki
1632Tuttle Kanji Cards by A. Kask
622Kanji in Context by Nishiguchi and Kono
993Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
1900Y. Maniette's French adaptation of Heisig

common

カク/KAKU/    おど.かす/odo.kasu/KAKU/カク/    odo.kasu/おど.かす/

menacing;  dignity;  majesty;  threaten Frenchmenaçant;  dignité;  majesté Portugueseameaça;  dignidade;  majestade;  ameaçar Spanishamenazador;  amenazar

Radical: (mouth).   Strokes: 17画.   Elements: 口赤土.   Variants: .   Pinyin: xià / .   Hangul:  [ha]  [hyeog].

Jōyō Kanji High School.   JLPT N1.

Example compounds:
カクKAKUいかくikaku】menace; to threaten
射撃いかくしゃげきikakushageki】warning shot
かくかくkakukaku】brilliant; bright; glorious
おどかすodokasuかすおどかすodokasu】to threaten; to startle
Codepoints and classification codes:
5687Unicode
19-37JIS X 0208
1-3-14SKIP
3d14.1TKD
6403.1Four Corner
3741De Roo
Dictionary indices:
1008Classic Nelson
915The New Nelson Character Dictionary by A. Nelson
784New Japanese-English Character Dictionary by J. Halpern
539Kanji Learner's Dictionary by J. Halpern
2026Remembering the Kanji by J. Heisig
2008A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage (Gakken)
1868Essential Kanji by P.G. O'Neill
4459Daikanwajiten 「大漢和辞典」 by T. Morohashi vol. 2 p. 1166
1080A Guide to Remembering Japanese Characters by K.G. Henshall
1918Kanji & Kana by Spahn and Hadamitzky
1867Tuttle Kanji Cards by A. Kask
1925Kanji in Context by Nishiguchi and Kono
313Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
2045Y. Maniette's French adaptation of Heisig

common

/KA/    /SA/    いえ/ie/KA//    SA//    ie/いえ/

house

Radical: (cliff).   Strokes: 12画.   Elements: 一自厂夂.   Variants: .   Pinyin: shà / xià.   Hangul:  [ha].

Example compounds:
KAかもんkamon】one's family or clan
Codepoints and classification codes:
53a6Unicode
50-47JIS X 0208
3-2-10SKIP
3q10.2TKD
7124.7Four Corner
Dictionary indices:
827Classic Nelson
655The New Nelson Character Dictionary by A. Nelson
2993Daikanwajiten 「大漢和辞典」 by T. Morohashi vol. 2 p. 660

/KA/    /SA/    いえ/ie/KA//    SA//    ie/いえ/

house

Radical: 广 (dotted cliff).   Strokes: 13画.   Elements: 一自夂广.   Variants: .   Pinyin: shà / xià.   Hangul:  [ha].

Example compounds:
KA高楼たいかこうろうtaikakōrō】large building and lofty tower; splendid (magnificent, palatial) structure
Codepoints and classification codes:
5ec8Unicode
54-92JIS X 0208
3-3-10SKIP
3q10.2TKD
0024.7Four Corner
Dictionary indices:
1528Classic Nelson
1632The New Nelson Character Dictionary by A. Nelson
9435Daikanwajiten 「大漢和辞典」 by T. Morohashi vol. 4 p. 597

/KA/    /KE/    ひび/hibi/    すき/suki/KA//    KE//    hibi/ひび/    suki/すき/

fissure;  crack;  hole

Radical: (jar).   Strokes: 17画.   Elements: 缶二并卜亅凵匕厂虍.   Pinyin: xià.   Hangul:  [ha].   Nanori: もたいmotai.

Example compounds:
KAれっかrekka】fissure
ひびhibiひびhibi】crack; chaps
割れひびわれhibiware】crack; crevice; fissure
が入るひびがはいるhibigahairu】to get cracked; to develop a crack; to be fissured
Codepoints and classification codes:
7f45Unicode
70-01JIS X 0208
1-6-11SKIP
2k15.1TKD
8174.9Four Corner
Dictionary indices:
3631Classic Nelson
4628The New Nelson Character Dictionary by A. Nelson
28169Daikanwajiten 「大漢和辞典」 by T. Morohashi vol. 9 p. 7

/KA/    /GE/    した/shita/    しも/shimo/    もと/moto/    さ.げる/sa.geru/    さ.がる/sa.garu/    くだ.る/kuda.ru/    くだ.す/kuda.su/    くだ.さる/kuda.saru/    お.ろす/o.rosu/    お.りる/o.riru/KA//    GE//    shita/した/    shimo/しも/    moto/もと/    sa.geru/さ.げる/    sa.garu/さ.がる/    kuda.ru/くだ.る/    kuda.su/くだ.す/    kuda.saru/くだ.さる/    o.rosu/お.ろす/    o.riru/お.りる/

under;  underneath;  below;  down;  inferior;  bring down

Radical: (one).   Strokes: 2画.   Elements: 一|.   Variants: .   Pinyin: xià.

Codepoints and classification codes:
4e05Unicode
16-3JIS X 0212
4-2-1SKIP
Dictionary indices:
8Daikanwajiten 「大漢和辞典」 by T. Morohashi

/KA/    おど.す/odo.su/KA//    odo.su/おど.す/

scare;  frighten;  intimidate

Radical: (mouth).   Strokes: 6画.   Elements: 一卜口.   Pinyin: xià / .

Codepoints and classification codes:
5413Unicode
20-69JIS X 0212
1-3-3SKIP
Dictionary indices:
3306Daikanwajiten 「大漢和辞典」 by T. Morohashi

/KA/    /GE/    なつ/natsu/KA//    GE//    natsu/なつ/

Radical: (go slowly).   Strokes: 18画.   Elements: 一ハ夂ヨ目自臼貝頁.   Variants: .   Pinyin: xià.

Codepoints and classification codes:
5913Unicode
24-68JIS X 0212
2-15-3SKIP
Dictionary indices:
5744Daikanwajiten 「大漢和辞典」 by T. Morohashi

/KA/    /GE/    はらくだし/harakudashi/KA//    GE//    harakudashi/はらくだし/

Radical: (sickness).   Strokes: 8画.   Elements: 一卜疒.   Pinyin: xià.

Codepoints and classification codes:
759cUnicode
45-42JIS X 0212
3-5-3SKIP
Dictionary indices:
22039Daikanwajiten 「大漢和辞典」 by T. Morohashi

Radical: (speech).   Strokes: 20画.   Elements: 心日立言音.   Pinyin: xiā4 yi.

Codepoints and classification codes:
8B69Unicode
1-92-20JIS X 0213
Dictionary indices:
36013Daikanwajiten 「大漢和辞典」 by T. Morohashi
xia4

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