ほしいhoshii Inflection

adjective:

auxiliary adjective:

  • I want (you) to - after the -te form of a verb - usually written using kana alone

watashiha鉛筆enpitsuwoけずるkezuruナイフNAIFUgaほしいhoshii I want a knife to sharpen my pencil with.

このkono書類shoruiwoそれぞれsorezore2部ずつzutsuコピーKOPIIしてshiteほしいhoshiindaga I'd like two copies of each of these documents.

くるしいkurushii Inflection

adjective:

  • painful; difficult; tough; hard
  • distressing; (psychologically) difficult; stressful; awkward (e.g. position)
  • straitened (circumstances); tight (financial situation); needy; struggling
  • strained (interpretation, explanation, etc.); lame (e.g. excuse); forced (e.g. smile); far-fetched

auxiliary adjective / adjective:

苦しいkurushiiやめろyamero It's so painful. Stop it!

kareha過去kakono苦しいkurushii生活seikatsuwo黙想mokusouしたshita He meditated on his past life of suffering.

彼のkareno家族kazokuhaかなりkanari生活seikatsuga苦しいkurushii His family is rather badly off.

やすいyasui Inflection

adjective:

  • easy

auxiliary adjective / adjective:

  • likely to ...; have a tendency to ... - after -masu stem of verb
  • easy to ... - after -masu stem of verb

彼女のkanojono感情kanjouha傷つきkizutsukiやすいyasui Her feelings are easily hurt.

ないnai Inflection

adjective:

  • nonexistent; not being (there) 亡い
  • unpossessed; unowned; not had
  • unique またとない
  • not; impossible; won't happen - as ...ことがない, etc.; indicates negation, inexperience, unnecessariness or impossibility

auxiliary adjective:

  • not ... - after the ren'youkei form of an adjective ない
  • to not be...; to have not ... - after the -te form of a verb

watashiha引退するintaisuruつもりtsumoriha毛頭ないnai I have no intention whatever of resigning.

こんなkonna馬鹿bakanaことkotoha言っitaことkotoga無いnai I've never said such a stupid thing.

歌詞kashiwomiteみれmirebaあまりamari意味imiga無いnaiことkotoni気付くkizukuでしょdeshou If you look at the lyrics, they don't really mean much.

にくいnikuiがたいgatai Inflection

auxiliary adjective / adjective:

プラスチックPURASUCHIKKUha割れwareにくいnikui Plastic does not break easily.

らしいrashii Inflection

auxiliary adjective:

  • seeming ...; appearing ... - expresses judgement based on evidence, reason or trustworthy hearsay

suffix / adjective:

  • -ish; like a ...; typical of ...; appropriate for ...; becoming of ...; worthy of the name ... - after a noun, adverb or adjective stem
たいtai Inflection

auxiliary adjective:

  • want to ... do something; would like to ... - after the -masu stem of a verb

particle:

  • indicates emphasis - at sentence-end - Kyūshū dialect

suffix / adjective:

  • very ... - after a noun or the -masu stem of a verb; also ったい めでたい
neねーne-ねえneeねぇnee

particle:

  • indicates emphasis, agreement, request for confirmation, etc.; is it so - at sentence end

interjection:

  • hey; come on; listen

auxiliary adjective:

  • not - verb-negating suffix; may indicate question or invitation with rising intonation - colloquialism ない
きれないkirenai Inflection

auxiliary adjective / adjective:

  • being too many (to finish or complete); being too much
ざるをえないzaruwoenai

expression / auxiliary adjective:

  • cannot help (doing); have no choice but to; am compelled to; am obliged to; it is incumbent upon (me) to - after the -nai stem of a verb
づらいzuraiずらいzuraiirr. Inflection

auxiliary adjective / adjective:

まじきmajiki

auxiliary adjective / noun or verb acting prenominally:

  • should not be; must not be まじ
やまないyamanai

expression / auxiliary adjective:

  • always; forever - after the -te form of a verb 止む
  • very; greatly (esp. of hopes and desires)

© Based on JMdict, KANJIDIC2, and JMnedict, property of the Electronic Dictionary Research and Development Group, used in conformance with the Group's licence. Example sentences from the Tatoeba project (CC BY 2.0). Kanji stroke order data from the KanjiVG project by Ulrich Apel (CC BY-SA 3.0). See comprehensive list of data sources for more info.

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