te

noun:

  • hand; arm - occ. pronounced た when a prefix お手【おて】
  • forepaw; foreleg - colloquialism お手【おて】
  • handle
  • hand; worker; help
  • trouble; care; effort
  • means; way; trick; move; technique; workmanship
  • hand; handwriting
  • kind; type; sort
  • one's hands; one's possession 手に入る
  • ability to cope 手に余る
  • hand (of cards)
  • direction 山の手

noun / suffix noun / counter:

  • move (in go, shogi, etc.)

こちらkochirani来るkuruようにyounitede合図aizuしたshita I made motions at him to come here with my hand.

ここkokonitenoないnaiナベNABEgaあるaru Here is a pan without handles.

いいiitewo思いついたomoitsuita I hit upon a good idea.

honha現在genzaidarenoteにもnimo入るhairu Books are now within the reach of everybody.

いいiitega配られたkubarareta I was dealt a good hand.

だいじょうぶdaijoubuだいじょぶdaijobu Inflection

adjectival noun:

  • safe; secure; sound; problem-free; without fear; all right; alright; OK; okay

adverb:

  • certainly; surely; undoubtedly

interjection / adjectival noun:

  • no thanks; I'm good; that's alright - colloquialism

noun:

彼女kanojoha今のところimanotokoro大丈夫daijoubuですdesu She is all right at the moment.

いやiya大丈夫daijoubuda No, no, that's okay.

ねこnekoネコNEKO

noun:

  • cat
  • shamisen
  • geisha
  • wheelbarrow - abbreviation 猫車
  • clay bed-warmer - abbreviation 猫火鉢
  • bottom; submissive partner of a homosexual relationship - usually written using kana alone - colloquialism Antonym: タチ

あなたanatanoサイトSAITOhanekoni興味kyouminoあるaru人達hitotachiにとってnitotte魅力的miryokutekiですdesu Your site appeals to people who are interested in cats.

nekohaテーブルTEEBURUnoueni座っsuwateいるiru The cat is sitting on top of the table.

nekoga好きsukiですdesu I like cats.

はこhako

noun:

  • box; case; chest; package; pack; crate
  • car (of a train, etc.)
  • shamisen case; shamisen
  • public building; community building - often written as ハコ - colloquialism 箱物
  • man who carries a geisha's shamisen - archaism 箱屋
  • receptacle for human waste; feces (faeces) - archaism

suffix / counter:

  • counter for boxes (or boxed objects)

そのsono取っ手tottewomiginiねじるnejirutohakoha開きますhirakimasu Twist that knob to the right and the box will open.

人生jinseihahakonoマッチMATCHIniniteいるiru重大juudaini扱うatsukaunohaばかばかしいbakabakashii重大juudaini扱わatsukawaneba危険kikendeあるaru Life is as a box of matches. Treating it cautiously is foolish, not treating it cautiously is dangerous.

hakowo開けaketaga空っぽkarappoだっdata I opened the box, but it was empty.

いたいitai Inflection

adjective:

  • painful; sore
  • cringy; embarrassing - colloquialism

adjective / suffix:

  • exceeding - esp. 甚い 甚く

噛むkamuto痛いitaiですかdesuka Does it hurt when you chew?

あそこasokoあすこasukoかしこkashikoアソコASOKOあしこashikoobs.あこakoobs.

pronoun:

  • there (place physically distant from both speaker and listener); over there; that place; yonder; you-know-where どこここそこ

noun:

  • genitals; private parts あそこ・あすこ・アソコ - colloquialism
  • that far (something psychologically distant from both speaker and listener); that much; that point あれほど

あそこasokoからkara人影hitokagega見えたmieta A form appeared from over there.

あれareaobs.

noun:

  • that (indicating something distant from both speaker and listener (in space, time or psychologically), or something understood without naming it directly) 何れ此れ其れ
  • that person (used to refer to one's equals or inferiors)
  • over there - archaism
  • down there (i.e. one's genitals) あれ - colloquialism
  • period; menses あれ - colloquialism

interjection:

  • hey (expression of surprise, suspicion, etc.); huh?; eh?

noun:

  • that (something mentioned before which is distant psychologically or in terms of time)

あれaregaこのkonomachino大通りoodoorida That is the main street of this city.

あれareならnara絶対zettai大丈夫daijoubu Yeah, she must be the sure thing!

あれarenaniだろdaroパフォーマンスPAFUOOMANSUでもdemoやってるyatterunoka Hello, what's that? Somebody doing street theatre or something?

やるyaru Inflection

godan ~る verb / transitive:

  • to do; to undertake; to perform; to play (a game); to study - colloquialism 為る【する】
  • to send; to dispatch; to despatch
  • to put; to move; to turn (one's head, glance, etc.)
  • to give (esp. to someone of equal or lower status); to let have; to present; to bestow; to confer
  • to make (a vehicle) go faster
  • to run (a business); to keep; to be engaged in; to practice (law, medicine, etc.); to practise
  • to have (food, drink, etc.); to eat; to drink; to smoke
  • to hold (a performance); to perform; to show 演る
  • to ease (one's mind)
  • to harm; to injure; to kill - colloquialism 殺る
  • to have sex with - slang 犯る

godan ~る verb / intransitive verb:

suffix / godan ~る verb:

  • to do ... completely - after the -masu stem of a verb, often in the negative
  • to do ... broadly; to do ... to a great distance - after the -masu stem of a verb

auxiliary verb / godan ~る verb:

  • to do ... for (someone of equal or lower status); to do ... to (sometimes with negative nuance) - after the -te form of a verb
  • to make active efforts to ... - after the -te form of a verb

じゃあjaa2人乗り2ninnoriwo許してyurushiteやるyaruからkaraお前omae漕げkogeorega荷台nidaini乗るnoruからkara Well then I'll allow two on a bike, but you pedal, because I'll ride on the rack.

ドルDORUwoやるyaru I'll give you five dollars.

全てsubetewo捨ててsuteteこのkonoレストランRESUTORANwoやるyaru目的mokutekihaひとつhitotsuだけdakeでしたdeshita I had only one aim in throwing everything away to run this restaurant.

無関係のmukankeinohitowo殺るyaruna Don't kill off bystanders!

あたまatamaかしらkashira

noun:

  • head
  • hair (on one's head)
  • mind; brains; intellect あたま
  • leader; chief; boss; captain
  • top; tip
  • beginning; start
  • head; person あたま
  • top structural component of a kanji かしら
  • pair あたま - colloquialism - Mahjong term 雀頭【ジャントー】

アリスARISUhaatamanihanawoさしていますsashiteimasu Alice has a flower in her hair.

watashiケンKENto付き合ってるtsukiatterunokareってtteカッコ良くてKAKKOyokute優しくてyasashikuteatamamoいいiinoおまけにomakeni独身dokushinyo I'm going with Ken. He is cool, gentle and smart. What's more, he is single!

その間sonokanずっとzuttoじいさんjiisanno言ったittaことkotogaメロンMERONno周りmawariwo飛び回るtobimawaruhaeno羽音haotoのようにnoyouniatamanonakadeぶんぶんとbunbunto鳴っていましたnatteimashita All that time the things granddad had said, like the sound of flies flying round a melon, buzzed in my head.

はいhai

interjection:

  • yes; that is correct - polite language
  • understood; I see; OK; okay
  • present; here - as a response to a roll call
  • pardon?; what's that?; come again? - with rising intonation - colloquialism
  • now; here; here you go - used when calling for someone's attention or when handing something to someone
  • giddy-up; giddap
あかakaold

noun:

  • red; crimson; scarlet
  • red-containing colour (e.g. brown, pink, orange)
  • Red (i.e. communist) - often written as アカ - colloquialism
  • red light (traffic) - abbreviation 赤信号
  • red ink (i.e. in finance or proof-reading); (in) the red - abbreviation 赤字赤字

~の noun:

noun:

信号機shingoukigaakanomaha道路dourowo渡るwataruna Don't cross the road while the signal is red.

サダムSADAMUga脅威kyouiでないdenaiなどnadoto言うiunohaakaがかったgakatta反戦運動hansen'undouno人達hitotachiくらいkurai It's only the anti-war pinkos who say things like Saddam isn't a threat.

彼のkarenokurumahaaode彼女kanojonohaakaだったdatta His car was blue and hers was red.

くうきkuuki

noun:

空気kuukihaotono媒体baitaida The air is a medium for sound.

むりmuri Inflection

adjectival noun / noun:

  • unreasonable; unnatural; unjustifiable
  • impossible

adjectival noun / noun / ~する noun:

  • forcible; forced; compulsory - often as 無理に

adjectival noun:

  • excessive (work, etc.); immoderate

~する noun:

  • to work too hard; to try too hard

interjection:

  • no way; not a chance; never; dream on - colloquialism

~の noun:

  • irrational - Mathematics term

いつitsuまでmadeかかっkakatemo全部zenbuwo説明setsumeiするsurunoha無理murida It would take forever for me to explain everything.

それsorewoあなたanatani説明setsumeiするsuruことkotohawatashiniha無理muriですdesu It's impossible for me to explain it to you.

彼女kanojoha無理murinaお願いonegaiwoshiteいるiru She's asking for the impossible.

うけるukeru Inflection

ichidan verb / transitive:

  • to receive; to get
  • to catch (e.g. a ball)
  • to be struck by (wind, waves, sunlight, etc.)
  • to sustain (damage); to incur (a loss); to suffer (an injury); to feel (influence)
  • to undergo (e.g. surgery); to take (a test); to accept (a challenge)
  • to be given (e.g. life, talent) - esp. 受ける, 享ける

ichidan verb / intransitive verb:

  • to find funny; to find humorous; to be amused (by) - esp. ウケる - colloquialism - usually written using kana alone

ichidan verb / transitive:

  • to follow; to succeed; to be descended from - esp. 受ける, 享ける
  • to face (south, etc.)
  • to be modified by - esp. 受ける, 承ける - Linguistics term
  • to obtain (a pawned item, etc.) by paying a fee - esp. 請ける, now primarily used in compound words 請け出す

ichidan verb / intransitive verb:

  • to be well-received; to become popular; to go down well - esp. ウケる, うける - usually written using kana alone

試練shirenwo受けるukeruことになったkotoninattaダレン。DAREN.失敗shippaiすればsureba死刑shikei Darren is to be put through a trial. If he fails, it's the death penalty!

それsorewo発明hatsumeiしたshita教授kyoujuha大学daigakuからkara相当soutouno対価taikawo受けるukeru権利kenrigaあるaru The professor who invented it has the right to reasonable remuneration from the university.

重大なjuudainatsuminiついてtsuiteha指導者shidoushani告白kokuhakushiなければnakereba赦しyurushiwo受けるukeruことkotogaできないdekinaitomo教えていますoshieteimasu They also teach that, for great sins, they cannot receive forgiveness unless they confess to their leader.

ガスGASUateji

noun:

  • gas (state of matter, e.g. poison gas, natural gas) - From Dutch or English
  • gasoline; gas; petrol
  • dense fog; thick fog
  • gas stove; gas cooker; gas range - abbreviation ガス焜炉
  • flatulence; gas; wind; fart - colloquialism

もうmouガスGASUha消したkeshita Have you turned off the gas yet?

毎月maitsukinoガスGASUdaihaいくらikuraですかdesuka How much is your monthly gas bill?

はたけhatakeはたhata

noun:

  • field (for fruits, vegetables, etc.); cultivated land; vegetable plot; kitchen garden; plantation

noun / suffix:

  • field (of specialization); sphere; area はたけ - ばたけ when suf
  • womb; birth; birthplace はたけ - colloquialism

haruになるninarutohatakewoほりかえしてhorikaeshite種をまきますtanewomakimasu When spring comes, they dig up the fields and plant seeds.

kareha教育kyouikuhatakede育ったsodatta He has had a long teaching career.

ちかchika

noun / ~の noun:

  • basement; cellar; underground place

prefix:

  • underground; below ground
  • secret; under cover

noun:

  • underground (railway); subway; metro - colloquialism - abbreviation

そしてsoshite汚水osuiwo流すnagasuためにtameni地下chikani下水道gesuidouwo持っていたmotteita The house has pipes under the ground to carry dirty water away.

kareha地下chika活動katsudouno疑いをかけられたutagaiwokakerareta He was suspected of underground action.

てつtetsuold

noun:

  • iron (Fe)

~の noun / noun:

  • strong and hard (as iron)

noun / suffix noun / prefix noun:

  • railway - abbreviation 鉄道

noun / prefix noun:

  • railway enthusiast - colloquialism

tetsuha最もmottomo有用なyuuyouna金属kinzokuですdesu Iron is the most useful metal.

kiha浮くukugatetsuha沈むshizumu Wood floats, but iron sinks.

はかせhakase

noun:

  • expert; learned person
  • doctor; PhD; Dr. - colloquialism 博士【はくし】
  • instructor at the imperial court (ritsuryo period)
  • pitch and length marks (to accompany a Buddhist liturgical chant, etc.) 墨譜

1972nenni、フランシーヌ・パターソン,FURANSHIINU/PATAASON博士hakasehaココKOKOni手話shuwawo教えoshie始めたhajimeta In 1972, Dr. Francine Patterson started to teach sign language to Koko.

理学部rigakubuwo卒業sotsugyoushita学生gakuseinoほとんどhotondoga修士shuushi課程kateini進みsusumiそのsonoほぼhobo半数hansuuga博士hakase課程kateini進むsusumu Most graduates of the Department of Science proceed to a master's program, and roughly half of those continue on to their PhD.

さくらsakuraold

noun:

  • cherry tree; cherry blossom
  • decoy; fake buyer; shill - also 偽客
  • hired applauder
  • horse meat - colloquialism 桜肉

満開mankaiwoチョイCHOI過ぎたsugitakanhaありましたarimashitagaそれsoreでもdemo美しいutsukushiisakurawo満喫mankitsuしてshiteきましたkimashita They seem a little past their peak, but even so we enjoyed the beautiful cherry blossoms.

ちょっくらchokkuraデートDEETOしてshiteくるkuruねーnee」「7jiにはniha帰ってkaettekiなさいnasaiyosakura "I'm just popping out on a date, OK?" "Come home by 7, Sakura!"

とらtoraトラTORA

noun:

  • tiger (Panthera tigris)
  • drunkard; drunk; sot - colloquialism

万一man'ichitoragaおりoriからkara出てdeteきたらkitaraどうしますかdoushimasuka If a tiger should come out of the cage, what would you do?

てんねんtennen

noun / ~の noun:

  • nature; spontaneity Antonym: 人工
  • natural airhead - abbreviation - colloquialism 天然ボケ

このkonokurumaha天然tennenガスGASUde動くugoku This car runs on natural gas.

かいkai

counter:

  • counter for occurrences

noun:

  • a time; an instance
  • inning (baseball); round; game

noun / suffix noun:

  • episode; chapter; instalment - colloquialism

noun:

  • Hui (people) - abbreviation 回族
  • Islam - abbreviation 回教

新種shinshunoineによってniyottehatoshini2、3kai収穫shuukakuできるdekirumonomoあるaru Some new kinds of rice can be harvested two or three times a year.

このkonoトーナメントTOONAMENTOni優勝yuushouするsuruにはniha、7kai続けてtsuzukete勝たkataなくてはいけませんnakutehaikemasen We have to win seven times in a row to win this tournament.

nichinikaikyoude自分jibunwomiteいるiruno How many times a day do you look at yourself in the mirror?

こやkoyaしょうおくshouoku

noun:

  • hut; cabin; shed; (animal) pen
  • small theatre (theater); temporary playhouse; circus tent; booth こや
  • one's own house - esp. しょうおく - humble language - colloquialism

遠くtookuni小屋koyaga見えたmieta I saw a hut in the distance.

まめmame

noun:

  • legume (esp. edible legumes or their seeds, such as beans, peas, pulses, etc.); beans; peas
  • soya bean (Glycine max); soybean; soy 大豆
  • female genitalia (esp. the clitoris) - colloquialism
  • kidney - colloquialism - usually written using kana alone - Food term

prefix noun:

  • miniature; tiny
  • child

飲むnomu分だけbundakemamewoローストROOSUTOしてshiteミルMIRUde挽くhikuんですndesu We roast just enough beans for the amount we're going to drink, and grind them in the coffee mill.

imoutohamamenokawawoむいたmuita My sister shelled the beans.

watashiha毎朝maiasa自分jibundeコーヒーKOOHIImamewo挽いhiiteいるiru I grind my own coffee beans every morning.

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© Based on JMdict, KANJIDIC2, and JMnedict, property of the Electronic Dictionary Research and Development Group, used in conformance with the Group's licence. Example sentences from the Tatoeba project (CC BY 2.0). Kanji stroke order data from the KanjiVG project by Ulrich Apel (CC BY-SA 3.0). See comprehensive list of data sources for more info.

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