よりyori

particle:

  • than
  • from; out of; since; at; on
  • except; but; other than

adverb:

  • more
でもdemo

conjunction:

  • but; however; though; nevertheless; still; yet; even so; also; as well

particle:

  • even
  • however; no matter how; even if; even though
  • ... or something
  • either ... or ...; neither ... nor ... - as 〜でも〜でも

prefix:

  • pseudo-; quack; in-name-only - before an occupation, etc.
  • for lack of anything better to do - before an occupation, etc. でもしか
などnado

particle:

  • et cetera; etc.; and the like; and so forth
  • or something - after an approximate quote or vague suggestion
  • the likes of - lessening the significance or value of the previous word

2、4、6などnadoha偶数guusuuですdesu Two, four, six, etc. are even numbers.

watashiha冗談joudanなどnado言うiu気がしないkigashinai I am in no mood for joking.

けどkedoけれどkeredoけれどもkeredomoけどもkedomoけんどkendo

conjunction / particle:

  • but; however; although
ほどhodo

adverbial noun / noun:

  • degree; extent; bounds; limit

particle:

  • upper limit - indicates approx. amount or maximum

スージーSUUJIIほどhodo上手にjouzuniピアノPIANOwoひけるhikerutoよいyoiのだnodaga I wish I could play the piano as well as Susie.

小川ogawaさんsanhaいつitsu来たkitaka」「10funほどhodomaeda "When did Mr Ogawa arrive?" "Ten minutes ago."

だってdatte

conjunction:

  • after all; because - colloquialism
  • but - colloquialism

particle:

  • even
  • too; as well; also
  • they say; I hear; you mean
きりkiriirr.

noun:

  • end; finish; stop
  • bounds; limits 切りがない切りのない
  • delivery date (of a futures contract) - esp. 限り,限
  • finale (of a noh song); end of an act (in jōruri or kabuki); final performance of the day (in vaudeville)

suffix / counter:

  • counter for slices (esp. thick slices); counter for cuts (e.g. fish, meat)

particle:

  • only; just - senses 6-8 are sometimes pronounced ぎり, esp. in old-fashioned speech - usually written using kana alone っ切り【っきり】
  • since; after - usu. in a negative sentence - usually written using kana alone
  • remaining (in a particular state) - usually written using kana alone

karehaそこsokoni行ったittaきりkiri2度と2doto帰ってこなかったkaettekonakatta He went there, never to return.

彼女kanojohaひとりhitoriきりkiriになったninattaとたんtotanそのsono手紙tegamiwoあけたaketa The moment she was alone, she opened the letter.

彼女kanojohanenmaeniiewo出たdetaきりkirideその後sonogo何のnanino消息shousokumoありませんarimasen She left home five years ago, and has never been heard of since.

だけdake

particle:

  • only; just; merely; simply; no more than; nothing but; alone しか
  • as (e.g. as soon as, as much as)
  • worth - e.g. ...だけの

o忘れwasureになったninattaだけdakekato思いましたomoimashita You might have just forgotten.

to

particle / conjunction:

  • if; when
  • and
  • with
  • particle used for quoting (with speech, thoughts, etc.) って

noun:

  • promoted pawn - abbreviation - Shōgi term と金

particle:

  • ? - at sentence end; indicates question - Kyūshū dialect
くらいkuraiぐらいgurai

suffix / particle:

  • approximately; about; around; or so - also written as 位
  • to (about) the extent that; (almost) enough that; so ... that ...; at least
  • as ... as ...; like
までmade

particle:

  • until (a time); till; to; up to
  • to (a place); as far as
  • to (an extent); up to; so far as; even
  • only; merely

10jiまでmadeni夕食yuushokuno準備junbiwoしてshiteおくokuようにyouni取り計らいtorihakaraiなさいnasai See that dinner is ready by ten.

学校gakkouまでmade10funde歩いてaruite行けるikeru I can walk to school in ten minutes.

かしらkashira

particle:

  • I wonder - usu. fem
かなkanaかなあkanaaかなーkana-かなぁkanaa

particle:

  • I wonder - at sentence end
  • should I?; is it? - at sentence end
  • I wish that; I hope that - at sentence end; with a negative
からkara

particle:

  • from (e.g. time, place, numerical quantity); since
  • from (originator); by
  • because; since - follows verbs, adjectives
  • out of (constituent, part)
  • through (e.g. window, vestibule)
  • after; since - following the te-form of a verb
こそkoso

particle:

  • for sure (emphasize preceding word)
さえsae

particle:

  • even; if only; if just; as long as; the only thing needed
しかshika

particle:

  • only; nothing but - used with neg. verb
つつtsutsu

particle:

とかtoka

particle / conjunction:

  • among other things; such things as; or something like that
としてもtoshitemo

particle:

  • assuming ...; even if ...
のでnodeんでnde

particle:

  • that being the case; because of ...; the reason is ...; given that ...
のにnoni

particle:

  • although; despite; even though; and yet
  • whereas; while
  • if only; I wish
  • in order to
のみnomi

suffix / particle:

  • only; nothing but - literary equiv. of だけ
ばかりbakariばっかりbakkariばっかbakka

particle:

  • only; merely; nothing but; no more than
  • approximately; about
  • just (finished, etc.) - after the -ta form of a verb
  • as if to; (as though) about to - after an attributive form or auxiliary verb ぬ(ん), also often …とばかり(に) 言わんばかり【いわんばかり】
  • indicates emphasis - in the form …とばかり or …とばかりに
  • always; constantly

5000enばかりbakariもっているmotteiru I have about 5,000 yen.

あなたanatanoimoutohaいつもitsumo自分jibunnoottonoことkotode文句monkuばかりbakari言っているitteiru That sister of yours is always complaining of her husband.

kimihaそれsorewo終えたoetaka」「とんでもないtondemonai始めたhajimetaばかりbakarida "Have you finished it?" "On the contrary, I've just begun."

ながらnagara

particle:

  • while; during; as
  • while; although; though; despite; in spite of; notwithstanding 我ながら
  • all; both 二つながら
  • as (e.g. "as always", "as long ago"); in (e.g. "in tears")

彼女kanojoha身振りmiburiwo交えmajieながらnagara演説enzetsuしたshita She accompanied her speech with gestures.

わずかwazukaながらnagara稼いだkaseidakinwokarehahonni使ったtsukatta What little money he earned he spent on books.

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© Based on JMdict, KANJIDIC2, and JMnedict, property of the Electronic Dictionary Research and Development Group, used in conformance with the Group's licence. Example sentences from the Tatoeba project (CC BY 2.0). Kanji stroke order data from the KanjiVG project by Ulrich Apel (CC BY-SA 3.0). See comprehensive list of data sources for more info.

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