あげるageru Inflection

ichidan verb / transitive:

  • to raise; to elevate 手を挙げる
  • to do up (one's hair) 髪を上げる
  • to fly (a kite, etc.); to launch (fireworks, etc.); to surface (a submarine, etc.)
  • to land (a boat)
  • to deep-fry 揚げる
  • to show someone (into a room)
  • to summon (for geishas, etc.) 揚げる - usually written using kana alone
  • to send someone (away)
  • to enrol (one's child in school); to enroll
  • to increase (price, quality, status, etc.); to develop (talent, skill); to improve
  • to make (a loud sound); to raise (one's voice) 声を上げる
  • to earn (something desirable)
  • to praise
  • to give (an example, etc.); to cite - usu. 挙げる
  • to summon up (all of one's energy, etc.) - usu. 挙げる
  • to arrest 挙げる
  • to nominate 挙げる
  • to give 上げる - polite language
  • to offer up (incense, a prayer, etc.) to the gods (or Buddha, etc.) 上げる
  • to bear (a child)
  • to conduct (a ceremony, esp. a wedding) - usu. 挙げる

ichidan verb / intransitive verb:

  • (of the tide) to come in

ichidan verb / intransitive verb / transitive:

  • to vomit

auxiliary verb / ichidan verb:

  • to do for (the sake of someone else) - after the -te form of a verb - usually written using kana alone - polite language
  • to complete ... - after the -masu stem of a verb 作り上げる
  • to humbly do ... - after the -masu stem of a humble verb to increase the level of humility - humble language 申し上げる

調節chousetsuレバーREBAAwoueni上げるageruto座面zamenno高さtakasawo調節chousetsuできますdekimasu You can adjust the seat height by moving the adjustment lever up.

たこtakowo上げるageruことkotoga危険なkikennaことkotomoあるaru Flying a kite can be dangerous.

彼らkareraha給料kyuuryouwo上げるageruようにyouni要求youkyuuしたshita They made a claim for higher pay.

彼女kanojoha小さなchiisana驚きodorokino悲鳴himeiwo上げるageruto浴室yokushitsuni逃げてnigete行ったitta She gave a small cry of alarm and fled to the bathroom.

零細reisai小売店kouritenなどnadohashin年度nendoにはniha利益riekiwo上げるageruでしょうdeshou Mom-and-pop stores will turn a profit in the new fiscal year.

fuyunoソナタSONATAworeini挙げるageruまでもなくmademonakuいまやimaya時ならぬtokinaranu韓流kanryuuブームBUUMUであるdearu You don't need to bring up "A Winter Sonata" to show that South Korean culture is having an unexpected boom in Japan.

watashihakareniペンPENwoあげるageruつもりtsumoriですdesu I'll give him a pen.

解き方tokikatawo教えてoshieteあげるageruyo I will show you how to solve it.

せんせいsenseiせんじょうsenjouobs.

noun:

  • teacher; master; doctor - honorific language

suffix:

  • with names of teachers, etc. as an honorific - honorific language

noun:

  • previous existence せんじょう - archaism 前生

われわれwarewareno先生senseiha真のshinno意味imide紳士shinshiですdesu Our teacher is a gentleman in the true sense of the word.

ぼくbokuhaジョーンズJOONZU先生senseini作文sakubunwo直してnaoshiteもらったmoratta I had my composition corrected by Mr. Jones.

おかねokane

noun:

あなたanatahaどうやってdouyatteそのsonoお金okanewo手に入れたteniiretaのですnodesuka How did you come by the money?

おとうとotoutoおとotoおととototoirr.ていtei

noun:

  • younger brother; little brother; kid brother - humble language
  • pupil; apprentice てい - archaism

karehawatashitootoutowo取り違えたtorichigaeta He mistook me for my younger brother.

おかあさんokaasan

noun:

  • mother; mom; mum; ma - honorific language 母さん
  • wife - honorific language

お母さんokaasanni口答えkuchigotaeしてshitehaいけませんikemasenyo Don't answer your mother back.

あにani

noun:

  • elder brother; older brother - humble language

私のwatashinoaniha技師gishiになったninatta My brother became an engineer.

おちゃocha

noun:

  • tea (usu. green) - polite language
  • tea break (at work)
  • tea ceremony 茶の湯

go都合のよいtsugounoyoiときtokiniお茶ochawo飲みnominiお寄りoyoriになりませんninarimasenka Why don't you drop in for tea at your convenience?

jihaお茶ochaniしようshiyou Let's have tea at 3:00.

みなさんminasan

noun:

  • all; everyone; everybody - honorific language

みなさんminasanじっとjittoしていてshiteite下さいkudasai Could you keep still, everyone?

いもうとimouto

noun:

  • younger sister - humble language

あのanoかわいいkawaii少女shoujoha私のwatashinoimoutoですdesu That pretty girl is my sister.

おとうさんotousanおとっさんotossanobs.

noun:

  • father; dad; papa; pa; pop; daddy; dada - honorific language 父さん
  • husband - honorific language

お父さんotousanha煙草tabakonokemurideたくさんtakusanwawo作れるtsukureru Dad can blow many smoke rings.

あねane

noun:

  • older sister; elder sister - humble language

ahaはいhai・・・ごめんgomenreiane」「コラKORA幾らikura親戚shinsekiとはいえtohaiewatashiha先輩senpai医師ishiyo院内innaidehaちゃんとchantoケジメをつけKEJIMEwotsukeなさいnasai "Ah, y-yes ... Sorry, Coz." "Hey! You might be my relative but here I'm your senior and a doctor. Keep things straight while you're in the hospital!"

くださいkudasai

expression:

  • please give me - honorific language
  • please do for me - after te-form of a verb or a noun prefixed with o- or go- - honorific language
なるnaru Inflection

godan ~る verb / intransitive verb:

  • to become; to get; to grow; to be; to reach; to attain
  • to result in; to prove to be
  • to consist of; to be composed of
  • to succeed; to be complete
  • to change into; to be exchanged for
  • to play a role 成り済ます
  • to be promoted - Shōgi term

godan ~る verb:

  • to do ... - as お+masu-stem+になる, ご+noun+になる, etc. - honorific language

edaga伸びnobimiga成るnaruことkotowo想定souteiしてshite接ぐtsugu場所bashowo選びましょうerabimashou Select the graft point after imagining how the branches will extend and fruit grow.

チームCHIIMUhaninno選手senshuからkara成るnaru Nine players make up a team.

年を取るtoshiwotoruto目ざとくmezatokuなるnaru As one grows old, one becomes a light sleeper.

おにいさんoniisan

noun:

  • older brother; elder brother - honorific language 兄さん
  • young man; buddy; fella; laddie - vocative
おねえさんoneesan

noun:

  • elder sister - usu. お姉さん - honorific language 姉さん
  • young lady - vocative 姉さん
  • miss - referring to a waitress, etc.; usu. お姐さん 姉さん
  • ma'am - used by geisha to refer to their superiors; usu. お姐さん 姉さん
  • older girl
おなかonaka

noun:

  • belly; abdomen; stomach - polite language

いいえiie結構kekkouですdesuお腹onakaga一杯ですからdesukara No, thank you. I've had enough.

おくさんokusan

noun:

  • wife; your wife; his wife; married lady; madam - honorific language

あなたanatano奥さんokusanniよろしくyoroshikuお伝えotsutae下さいkudasai Please say hello to your wife.

どなたdonata

noun:

  • who? - honorific language

どなたdonataですかdesuka」「お母さんokaasanyo "Who is it?" "It's your mother."

あなたanata

pronoun:

  • you (referring to someone of equal or lower status) - 貴女 refers only to females and 貴男 refers only to males - polite language
  • dear (what a wife calls a husband) 貴方・貴男
うえue

noun / ~の noun / adverbial noun / suffix noun:

  • above; up; over; elder (e.g. daughter)
  • top; summit
  • surface; on
  • before; previous
  • superiority; one's superior (i.e. one's elder)
  • on top of that; besides; what's more
  • upon (further inspection, etc.); based on (and occurring after)
  • matters concerning...; as concerns ...
  • since (i.e. "for that reason") - as ...上は

suffix noun:

  • suffix indicating higher social standing - honorific language 父上
  • place of one's superior (i.e. the throne) - archaism
  • emperor; sovereign; shogun; daimyo - archaism
  • noblewoman (esp. the wife of a nobleman) - archaism

osekino上のuenotananonakani入ってhaitteおりますorimasu It's in the overhead compartment.

このkono踏台fumidaiwo使えばtsukaebaクローゼットKUROOZETTOnoueni手が届くtegatodokuyo If you stand on this stool, you can reach the top of the closet.

tsukuenoueniペンPENgahonありますarimasuka Are there any pens on the desk?

寒かったsamukattaうえuenikazega強かったtsuyokatta It was cold, and, in addition, it was windy.

彼らkareraha合意gouinouede敏速なbinsokuna行動koudouwoとったtotta They acted immediately by agreement.

かたkata

noun:

  • direction; way - also ほう
  • person; lady; gentleman - honorific language

noun / suffix noun:

  • method of; manner of; way of

suffix noun:

  • care of ...
  • person in charge of ... - also がた
  • side (e.g. "on my mother's side") - also がた

審判shinpannohouwoちらりとchirarito睨むniramuga審判shinpanha涼しいsuzushiikaoしてshite鼻クソhanaKUSOwoほじっていhojitteiやがったyagatta。「ちくしょうchikushou八百長yaochoukayo・・・」 I glared briefly in the referee's direction but he was putting on a calm face while picking his nose. "Dammit, the fight's a fixup!?"

グリーンGURIIN夫人fujinha私のwatashino子供たちkodomotachigautawo習っているnaratteiruhouですdesuga今度kondono日曜nichiyouni独唱会dokushoukaiwo開くhiraku予定yoteiですdesu Mrs. Green, from whom my children have lessons in singing, is to have a recital next Sunday.

そのsono少年shounenhaカーブKAABUno投げnagekatawo知っているshitteiru The boy knows how to throw a curve.

これkore

pronoun:

  • this (indicating an item near the speaker, the action of the speaker, or the current topic) 何れ其れ彼【あれ】
  • this person (usu. indicating someone in one's in-group) - humble language
  • now
  • here - archaism
  • I (me) - archaism
  • certainly - archaism
はいhai

interjection:

  • yes; that is correct - polite language
  • understood; I see; OK; okay
  • present; here - as a response to a roll call
  • pardon?; what's that?; come again? - with rising intonation - colloquialism
  • now; here; here you go - used when calling for someone's attention or when handing something to someone
  • giddy-up; giddap
おさけosakeおさけosakeごしゅgoshu

noun:

  • alcohol; sake - polite language
おじさんojisanオジサンOJISAN

noun:

  • uncle - 伯父さん is older than one's parent and 叔父さん is younger - honorific language - familiar language
  • old man; mister - usu. 小父さん or おじさん; vocative - familiar language
  • manybar goatfish (Parupeneus multifasciatus) - usu. オジサン

明日ashita叔父さんojisanto会う約束auyakusokugaあるaru I have an appointment with my uncle tomorrow.

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© Based on JMdict, KANJIDIC2, and JMnedict, property of the Electronic Dictionary Research and Development Group, used in conformance with the Group's licence. Example sentences from the Tatoeba project (CC BY 2.0). Kanji stroke order data from the KanjiVG project by Ulrich Apel (CC BY-SA 3.0). See comprehensive list of data sources for more info.

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