しちshichiななnanana

numeric:

  • seven - 漆 is used in legal documents

prefix:

  • hepta-
おとこotokoおっこokkoobs.

noun / prefix noun:

noun:

  • fellow; guy; chap; bloke
  • male lover; boyfriend; man
  • manliness; manly honor; manly honour; manly reputation

karehaたぶんtabun良いyoiotokoであるdearuかもしれないkamoshirenai He may be a good man for all I know.

あんなannaotoko見てmitemo胸くそmunakusoga悪いwarui I can't bear the sight of him.

さんsanmi

numeric:

  • three - 参 is used in legal documents

prefix:

  • tri-
やまyama

noun / counter:

  • mountain; hill
  • mine (e.g. coal mine)
  • heap; pile

noun:

  • crown (of a hat); thread (of a screw); tread (of a tire); protruding part of an object
  • climax; peak; critical point
  • guess; speculation
  • criminal case; crime - used by policemen, crime reporters, etc.
  • mountain climbing; mountaineering
  • festival float (esp. one mounted with a decorative halberd) 山鉾
  • wall; wall tile - Mahjong term
  • temple; temple grounds - archaism

prefix noun:

  • wild

わたしwatashihamorinonakani入ってhaitteyamani駆け上がったkakeagattaことkotowo後悔koukaiしていないshiteinai。」tootoutoha答えたkotaeta "I do not regret having gone into the forest and up the mountain," replied the younger brother.

それsorehaお金okanenoyamawoかき集めるkakiatsumeruためにtameni用いられたmochiirareta It was used for raking together heaps of money.

watashihayamaniいましたimashita I was in the mountains.

おんなonnaおみなominaobs.おうなounaobs.うみなuminaobs.おなonaobs.

noun / prefix noun:

noun:

  • female lover; girlfriend; mistress; (someone's) woman

karega戻ってきたmodottekitatokiにはnihaonnaha歩みayumi去っていたsatteita When he came back, the woman had walked off.

なにnaniなんnan

pronoun:

  • what

prefix:

  • how many なん - followed by a counter 何か月
  • large number of; many なん - followed by (optional number), counter and も 何度も何日も

noun:

  • you-know-what; that

expression:

  • whatsit; what's the expression; what do you call them

interjection:

  • what? - expressing surprise
  • hey! - expressing anger or irritability

imanoアナウンスANAUNSUhananiだったdattaのですnodesuka What did the announcement just say?

何度も何domoやめましょうyamemashouyoto言ったittaのにnoninanihaimoワインWAINwo飲み干しnomihoshi--ご覧の通りgorannotoori酔っ払ってyopparatteハイHAIになってninatteしまったshimattanoであるdearu I kept saying "Let's stop" but she drained cup after cup of wine -- and now, as you can see, she's completely drunk.

naniしてるshiteruno What're you doing?

いぬinu

noun:

  • dog (Canis (lupus) familiaris)
  • snoop (i.e. a detective, a spy, etc.)
  • loser; asshole - derogatory term

prefix noun:

  • counterfeit; inferior; useless; wasteful

彼女kanojoha吠えるhoeruinuwo怖がるkowagaru She is afraid of barking dogs.

気をつけてkiwotsukete警察keisatsunoinugaかぎ回ってるkagimawatteru Watch out! A police spy is snooping around.

あおao

noun / ~の noun:

  • blue; azure
  • green - mostly in compound words and in ref. to fruits, plants and traffic lights

noun:

  • green light (traffic) - abbreviation 青信号
  • black (horse coat color) 青毛

prefix:

  • immature; unripe; young

信号shingougaaoni変わったkawatta The light turned green.

彼女kanojoha濃いkoiaonoスカーフSUKAAFUwoしていたshiteita She wore a dark blue scarf.

はんhan

noun / prefix noun:

  • half; semi-

noun / suffix noun:

  • half-past

noun:

おそらくosoraku自分jibunにはnihahan覚醒kakuseino時間jikangaありariそのsonoためtame1日wo短くmijikaku感じているkanjiteiru It's quite possible that there are times I am half awake, and thus the day feels shorter.

郵便局yuubinkyokuhahanマイルMAIRU向こうmukouniあるaru The post office is half a mile away.

いちichiold

numeric / prefix:

  • one - 1 can also be read ワン. 壱, 弌 and 壹 are used in legal documents ワン

~の noun / suffix:

  • best

~の noun:

  • first; foremost

noun:

  • beginning; start
  • ace (playing card) エース
  • bottom string (on a shamisen, etc.)

それsorehaichiento計算keisanされているsareteiru It is computed at 10,000 yen.

またmata

adverb / conjunction / prefix:

  • again; and; also; still (doing something)

ありがとうarigatouまたmata次のtsuginohiniくるkuruようにしますyounishimasu Thanks. Maybe we'll come back.

キロKIRO

prefix:

  • kilo-; 1000 - From French

noun:

prefix:

  • kilo-; 1024; 2^10 - IT term
ポストPOSUTO

noun:

  • postbox; mail box; pillar box
  • post; position
  • post (e.g. goalpost)

prefix noun:

  • post- (e.g. post-Cold War)
したshita

noun:

  • below; down; under; younger (e.g. daughter)
  • bottom
  • beneath; underneath
  • just after; right after - as 下から, 下より, etc.

noun / ~の noun:

  • inferiority; one's inferior (i.e. one's junior)

noun:

prefix noun:

ところでtokorodeyoそのsonoおめーome-noおとうさんotousanhaどこdokoniいんinnosa?」「横転outenしたshitaトラックTORAKKUnoshimonanyo。」 "By the way, where's your old man?" "Under that over-turned truck."

shitani署名shomeiしてshiteくださいkudasai Sign at the bottom, please.

amega私のwatashinoレインコートREINKOOTOnoshitaまでmadeしみとおったshimitootta The rain penetrated my raincoat.

一番ichibankanoimoutoga出世shusseしたshitaときtokiwatashiha我を忘れてwagawowasurete嫉妬shittoしたshita I was beside myself with jealousy when my youngest sister rose in the world.

そらsoraold

noun:

  • sky; the air; the heavens
  • weather
  • far-off place; distant place
  • state of mind; feeling - often as 〜空もない
  • (from) memory; (by) heart - usu. as 空で
  • falsehood; lie

prefix noun:

  • somehow; vaguely - before an adjective
  • fake - before a noun or a verb

警棒keiboudesorawoなぐりつけnaguritsukeよろめいてyoromeite体勢taiseiwoたてなおしたtatenaoshitaガードマンGAADOMANha自分jibunni向かってmukatte突進tosshinしてshiteくるkuru金網kanaamiづくりzukurinoクズカゴKUZUKAGOwo見たmita The guard's truncheon hit air. Off balance, he regained his posture to see a metal-mesh rubbish bin flying towards him.

ワシWASHIgasorawo飛んでいるtondeiru An eagle is flying in the sky.

ほとんどhotondosoraなのでnanodeガソリンGASORINwo入れireなくてはなりませんnakutehanarimasen I need to put some gas in the car, as it's almost empty.

さきsakiirr.

noun / ~の noun / suffix noun / prefix:

  • previous; prior; former; first; earlier; some time ago; preceding
  • point (e.g. pencil); tip; end; nozzle
  • head (of a line); front
  • ahead; the other side
  • the future; hereafter
  • destination
  • the other party

私のwatashinonochiからkara来るkuruhouhawatashini優るmasaruhouであるdearuwatashiよりyorisakiniおられたoraretaからkaraであるdearu。」toいったittanohaこの方konohounokotoですdesu This was he of whom I said, "He who comes after me has surpassed me because he was before me."

このkono先のsakino丸くmarukuなったnatta鉛筆enpitsudeha書けないkakenai I can't write with this dull pencil.

ここkokoからkarasakiにはniha行けませんikemasen You cannot go any farther.

20マイルMAIRUsakiniyamano頂上choujouga見えたmieta We could see the summit of a mountain twenty miles away.

de電話denwaしてshiteみたmitaらしいrashiinだけどdakedoそのsono電話denwa先のsakino相手aiteってttenoga問題mondaiだったdattanoyo And so it seems she tried phoning but it's who was on the other end of that phone that was the problem.

かぜkaze

noun:

  • wind; breeze; draught; draft

noun / prefix noun:

noun:

私たちwatashitachihaこんなkonnakazeniしてshiteアイスクリームAISUKURIIMUwo作りますtsukurimasu This is how we make ice cream.

ものmonoもんmon

noun:

  • thing; object; article; stuff; substance
  • one's things; possessions; property; belongings - as 〜のもの, 〜のもん
  • things; something; anything; everything; nothing
  • quality
  • reason; the way of things
  • used to emphasize emotion, judgment, etc.; used to indicate a common occurrence in the past (after a verb in past tense); used to indicate a general tendency; used to indicate something that should happen - formal noun often used as 〜ものだ - usually written using kana alone

suffix noun:

  • item classified as ...; item related to ...; work of ...
  • cause of ...; cause for ...

prefix:

遠まわしにtoomawashinimonowo言うiuna Don't beat around the bush.

ロバートROBAATOha週末shuumatsuhamisedeよくyokuchichiwo手伝ったtetsudattaものmonoだったdatta Robert used to help his father in the store on weekends.

あなたanatano妹さんimoutosanni会いaiたいtaiものmonoですdesu I'd like to see your sister.

ウィルソンUIRUSONno解法kaihouha同じonaji定数teisuuwo使用shiyouしたshitaというtoiutendeハドソンHADOSONnoものmonoto類似ruijiしているshiteiru Wilson's solution is similar to Hudson's in that they used the same constants.

bokuha子どものころkodomonokoroよくyokuこのkono浜辺hamabeni来たkitaものmonoですdesu I used to come to this beach when I was a boy.

ほんhon

noun:

prefix:

  • this; present
  • main; head
  • real; regular

suffix / counter:

  • counter for long cylindrical things; counter for films, TV shows, etc.; counter for goals, home runs, etc.; counter for telephone calls - sometimes pronounced ぼん or ぽん

昨日kinouhaそのsonohonwo80ページPEEJIまでmade読んだyonda I read the book up to page 80 yesterday.

性能seinounoよさyosatoデザインDEZAINno優美さyuubisaga両々ryou々相まってaimattehon機種kishuno声価seikawo高めてtakameteきたkita The high performance and the elegant design of this model have combined to give it a high reputation.

自販機jihankideコーヒーKOOHIIwo買おうkaouto100en入れてireteボタンBOTANwo押したらoshitara一気にikkinihonmoどかどかとdokadokato落ちてochiteきたkita When I put 100 yen in and pressed the button to buy a coffee at the vending machine, four cans dropped down all at once!

ウイスキーUISUKIIwohon持っていますmotteimasu I have a bottle of whiskey.

でもdemo

conjunction:

  • but; however; though; nevertheless; still; yet; even so; also; as well

particle:

  • even
  • however; no matter how; even if; even though
  • ... or something
  • either ... or ...; neither ... nor ... - as 〜でも〜でも

prefix:

  • pseudo-; quack; in-name-only - before an occupation, etc.
  • for lack of anything better to do - before an occupation, etc. でもしか
くさkusaold

noun:

  • grass; weed; herb; thatch
  • ninja - archaism

prefix:

  • not genuine; substandard

expression:

  • laughter; LOL - slang

tsukiにはnihakusaga生えてhaete無いnai There is no grass on the moon.

amega降ってfuttedoni湿り気shimerikegaあるarutokusaha取りtoriやすくyasukuなるnaru After it rains and the ground is damp, it's easier to pull weeds.

へんhenold Inflection

adjectival noun / noun:

  • strange; odd; peculiar; weird; curious; queer; eccentric; funny; suspicious; fishy
  • unexpected
  • change
  • incident; disturbance; disaster; accident

prefix noun:

そのsonoオレンジORENJIha後味atoajigahenだったdatta The orange left a strange taste in my mouth.

kareha時々tokidokihenですdesu He's strange sometimes.

べつbetsuべちbechiobs. Inflection

~の noun / adjectival noun / noun / suffix noun / prefix noun:

  • distinction; difference; different; another; particular; separate; extra; exception

またmata別のbetsunoときtokiniチェスCHESUwoしましょうshimashou Let's play chess another time.

ふうふfuufuめおとmeotoみょうとmyouto

noun:

  • married couple; spouses; husband and wife; couple; pair

prefix noun:

  • his and hers; pair of objects, one larger (for man), one smaller (for woman) めおと 夫婦茶碗

go夫婦fuufudeおこしokoshiくださいkudasai Please come over with your wife.

れいrei

noun / prefix noun / ~の noun:

  • custom; practice; habit; usual
  • said; aforementioned
  • instance; example; case; illustration; usage
  • precedent

怒るokorutokarehaトラTORAになるninaruというのはtoiunoha隠喩in'yunoreiであるdearu "He's a tiger when he's angry" is an example of metaphor.

kareha父親chichioyanoreiniならってnaratteいったitta He followed in his father's footsteps.

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© Based on JMdict, KANJIDIC2, and JMnedict, property of the Electronic Dictionary Research and Development Group, used in conformance with the Group's licence. Example sentences from the Tatoeba project (CC BY 2.0). Kanji stroke order data from the KanjiVG project by Ulrich Apel (CC BY-SA 3.0). See comprehensive list of data sources for more info.

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