わたしwatashiわたくしwatakushi

pronoun:

  • I; me

noun / ~の noun:

  • private affairs; personal matter; secrecy わたくし
  • selfishness わたくし

騒がしいsawagashiiホームHOOMUde誰かdarekaga私のwatashino名前namaewo呼んでいるyondeirunoga聞こえたkikoeta I could hear someone calling my name on the noisy platform.

じぶんjibun

pronoun:

  • myself; yourself; oneself; himself; herself
  • I; me
  • you - Kansai dialect
なにnaniなんnan

pronoun:

  • what

prefix:

  • how many なん - followed by a counter 何か月
  • large number of; many なん - followed by (optional number), counter and も 何度も何日も

noun:

  • you-know-what; that

expression:

  • whatsit; what's the expression; what do you call them

interjection:

  • what? - expressing surprise
  • hey! - expressing anger or irritability

imanoアナウンスANAUNSUhananiだったdattaのですnodesuka What did the announcement just say?

何度も何domoやめましょうyamemashouyoto言ったittaのにnoninanihaimoワインWAINwo飲み干しnomihoshi--ご覧の通りgorannotoori酔っ払ってyopparatteハイHAIになってninatteしまったshimattanoであるdearu I kept saying "Let's stop" but she drained cup after cup of wine -- and now, as you can see, she's completely drunk.

naniしてるshiteruno What're you doing?

だれdareたれtareobs.taobs.

pronoun:

  • who
あちらachiraあっちatchiあちachiobs.

pronoun:

  • that way (direction distant from both speaker and listener); over there; yonder 何方【どちら】此方【こちら】其方
  • that one (something physically distant from both speaker and listener, or something not visible but known by both speaker and listener); that
  • that person (someone physically distant from both speaker and listener, or someone not present but known by both speaker and listener) - あちら is pol.
  • there (place distant from both speaker and listener); over there; foreign country (esp. a Western nation)
どこdokooldいずこizukoいずくizukuobs.いづこizukoobs.いどこidokoobs.old

pronoun:

あそこasokoあすこasukoかしこkashikoアソコASOKOあしこashikoobs.あこakoobs.

pronoun:

  • there (place physically distant from both speaker and listener); over there; that place; yonder; you-know-where どこここそこ

noun:

  • genitals; private parts あそこ・あすこ・アソコ - colloquialism
  • that far (something psychologically distant from both speaker and listener); that much; that point あれほど

あそこasokoからkara人影hitokagega見えたmieta A form appeared from over there.

こちらkochiraこっちkotchiこちkochiobs.

noun:

  • this way (direction close to the speaker or towards the speaker); this direction 何方【どちら】其方彼方【あちら】
  • here (place close to the speaker or where the speaker is)
  • this one (something physically close to the speaker)

pronoun:

  • I; me; we; us
  • this person (someone physically close to the speaker and of equal or higher status)

こちらkochiraheやってくるyattekuru少年shounentoそのsonoinuwoごらんなさいgorannasai Look at the boy and his dog that are coming this way.

shiowoこちらkochirahe取ってtotteもらえますmoraemasuka Could you pass me the salt, please?

こちらkochiranohougaこちらkochiraよりyori値段nedanga高いtakai This costs more than that.

こちらkochiraアヤAYAこちらkochiraアヤAYA応答outouお願いしますonegaishimasu This is Aya, this is Aya. Please respond.

叔母さんobasanこちらkochirahaトムTOMUkunですdesu Aunt, this is Tom.

そちらsochiraそっちsotchiそなたsonataそちsochi

pronoun:

  • that way (direction distant from the speaker, close to the listener) 何方【どちら】此方【こちら】彼方【あちら】
  • there (place distant from the speaker, close to the listener)
  • that one (something close to the listener)
  • you; your family; your company
  • that person (someone close to the listener)
それsoreirr.

pronoun:

  • that (indicating an item or person near the listener, the action of the listener, or something on their mind); it 何れ此れ彼【あれ】
  • that time; then
  • there (indicating a place near the listener) - archaism
  • you - archaism
どれdore

pronoun:

interjection:

どちらdochiraどっちdotchiいずかたizukataいずちizuchiどちdochiobs.いずしizushiobs.なにざまnanizamaobs.old

pronoun:

あなたanata

pronoun:

  • you (referring to someone of equal or lower status) - 貴女 refers only to females and 貴男 refers only to males - polite language
  • dear (what a wife calls a husband) 貴方・貴男
これkore

pronoun:

  • this (indicating an item near the speaker, the action of the speaker, or the current topic) 何れ其れ彼【あれ】
  • this person (usu. indicating someone in one's in-group) - humble language
  • now
  • here - archaism
  • I (me) - archaism
  • certainly - archaism
かのじょkanojo

pronoun:

noun:

あのanootode考え事kangaegotogaできないdekinaiwato彼女kanojohaタイプライターTAIPURAITAAwo見つめmitsumeながらnagara言ったitta "I can't think with that noise", she said as she stared at the typewriter.

bokuno彼女kanojohaカナダKANADAheいってitteしまったshimatta My girlfriend has gone to Canada.

ぼくboku

pronoun:

  • I; me - male language
  • you - used addressing young children
  • manservant しもべ
うちuchi

noun / ~の noun:

  • inside; within
  • while - also 裡 - usually written using kana alone ないうちに
  • among; amongst; between - usually written using kana alone

pronoun:

  • we; our - in ref. to one's in-group, e.g. company, etc. - usually written using kana alone 家【うち】
  • my spouse

noun:

  • imperial palace grounds - archaism
  • emperor - archaism

pronoun:

  • I; me - primarily used by women and children - Kansai dialect

エイズEIZUgawatashiga生きているikiteiruうちuchini治るnaoruことkotowo願っているnegatteiruyo I have a dream that AIDS will be cured in my lifetime.

あのano少年shounenhamiseからkaramisewo歩いているaruiteiruうちuchini盗みnusumihekigaでてdeteしまったshimatta The young boy got sticky fingers when he walked into stores.

私のwatashino息子musuko二人noうちuchi一人ha教師kyoushideもう一人mou一ninha医者ishaですdesu One of my sons is a teacher, and the other is a doctor.

うちuchide働いてhataraitemiたいtaikanetoウッドUDDOさんsanga尋ねましたtazunemashita "Would you like to work for me, Tony?" asked Mr Wood.

おたくotaku

noun:

  • your house; your home; your family - honorific language
  • your husband - honorific language
  • your organization - honorific language

pronoun:

  • you (referring to someone of equal status with whom one is not especially close) - honorific language

明日ashitaお宅otakuni伺いますukagaimasu I'll come to visit you at your house tomorrow.

きみkimi

pronoun:

  • you; buddy; pal - also used colloquially by young females - male language - familiar language

noun:

  • monarch; ruler; sovereign; (one's) master - orig. meaning

あとato一台パソコンPASOKONwo購入kounyuuするsuru君のkiminoanhaまったくmattaku問題にならないmondaininaranai Your plan to buy another PC is out of the question.

かれkare

pronoun:

noun:

彼のkarenoスイングSUINGUha実にjitsuni見事migotoda He has a perfect swing.

私のwatashinomaenokarehaポルトガルPORUTOGARU育ちsodachiでしたdeshita My ex-boyfriend was brought up in Portugal.

かれらkarera

pronoun:

  • they; them - usu. in ref. to males
われわれwareware

pronoun:

  • we
おまえomaeおまいomaiおめーome-おめえomee

pronoun:

  • you - formerly honorific, now oft. derog. term referring to an equal or inferior - familiar language - male language
  • presence (of a god, nobleman, etc.) おまえ
だれかdareka

pronoun:

  • someone; somebody
あちこちachikochiあちらこちらachirakochiraあっちこっちatchikotchiかなたこなたkanatakonataあなたこなたanatakonataobs.アチコチACHIKOCHI Inflection

adverb / pronoun:

  • here and there; all around; everywhere; throughout; all over

~する noun:

  • to get things in the wrong order (back to front); to become muddled up あちこち・あちらこちら・あっちこっち・アチコチ

あちこちachikochideそれsorewo捜したsagashita I have looked for it up and down.

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© Based on JMdict, KANJIDIC2, and JMnedict, property of the Electronic Dictionary Research and Development Group, used in conformance with the Group's licence. Example sentences from the Tatoeba project (CC BY 2.0). Kanji stroke order data from the KanjiVG project by Ulrich Apel (CC BY-SA 3.0). See comprehensive list of data sources for more info.

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