- stubborn person; strong-minded person; obstinate person - Tosa dialect
- strong independent Japanese woman from the Kochi area - Tosa dialect
- indicates emphasis, intention, etc. - at sentence end - archaism - Tosa dialect
- indicates emphasis, intention, etc. - at sentence end - humorous term
© Based on JMdict, KANJIDIC2, and JMnedict, property of the Electronic Dictionary Research and Development Group, used in conformance with the Group's licence. Example sentences from the Tatoeba project (CC BY 2.0). Kanji stroke order data from the KanjiVG project by Ulrich Apel (CC BY-SA 3.0). See comprehensive list of data sources for more info.