あるaru Inflection

godan ~る verb (irregular) / intransitive verb:

  • to be; to exist; to live - usu. of inanimate objects 居る【いる】
  • to have
  • to be located
  • to be equipped with
  • to happen; to come about

失礼shitsureidaga上記のjoukino記事kijiniあるaru3つmittsuno誤りayamariwo指摘shitekiしてshiteおきokiたいtai Excuse me. I'd like to point out three errors in the above article.

悪いwaruiけどkedoほかにhokani用事youjigaあるaruno I'm sorry, I have another engagement.

しぬshinu Inflection

godan ~ぬ verb / ~ぬ verb (irregular) / intransitive verb:

  • to die; to pass away - sensitive
  • to lose spirit; to lose vigor; to look dead
  • to cease; to stop

すべてのsubetenohitoha死ぬshinu運命unmeiniあるaruしかしshikashiいつitsu死ぬshinukaどのようにdonoyouni死ぬshinukaha決められないkimerarenai All are fated to die. However, you can't decide how and when you die.

するsuru Inflection

~する verb (irregular):

  • to do; to carry out; to perform
  • to cause to become; to make (into); to turn (into)
  • to serve as; to act as; to work as
  • to wear (clothes, a facial expression, etc.)
  • to judge as being; to view as being; to think of as; to treat as; to use as - as 〜にする,〜とする
  • to decide on; to choose - as 〜にする

~する verb (irregular) / intransitive verb:

  • to be sensed (of a smell, noise, etc.) - as 〜がする
  • to be (in a state, condition, etc.)
  • to be worth; to cost
  • to pass (of time); to elapse

~する verb (irregular) / transitive:

  • to place, or raise, person A to a post or status B - as AをBにする
  • to transform A to B; to make A into B; to exchange A for B - as AをBにする
  • to make use of A for B; to view A as B; to handle A as if it were B - as AをBにする
  • to feel A about B - as AをBにする

suffix / ~する verb (irregular):

  • verbalizing suffix (applies to nouns noted in this dictionary with the part of speech "vs")

auxiliary verb / ~する verb (irregular):

  • creates a humble verb (after a noun prefixed with "o" or "go") お願いします
  • to be just about to; to be just starting to; to try to; to attempt to - as 〜うとする,〜ようとする とする

これkore以上ijou何もnanimo言うiuことkotohaありませんarimasenいいわけiiwakewoするsurunohaいやiyaですからdesukaratokareha言ったitta He said, "I will say nothing more, because I hate making excuses."

それらsorerahaあなたanatawo暖かくatatakakuするsuruのにnoni役立つyakudatsuでしょうdeshou They will help you to get warm.

頭痛zutsuuwo言い訳iiwakeniしてshitekareha早くhayaku帰ったkaetta He used a headache as an excuse for leaving early.

そんなsonnaにが虫を噛みつぶしたようnigamushiwokamitsubushitayounakaowoするsurunayo Don't make such a sour face.

結構kekkouですdesuそれsorenishiましょうmashou All right. I'll take it.

このkonoスープSUUPUhaいやなiyanaにおいnioigaするsuru腐っているkusatteiruでしょうdeshou This soup smells horrible. Do you think it's gone off?

それsoreha1万円ぐらいguraiするsuruだろうdarou It'll cost about 10,000 yen.

kareha三日したらshitara出発するshuppatsusuru He is leaving in three days.

何時くらいkuraiまでならmadenara電話denwashiてもいいtemoiiですかdesuka How late can I ring?

前髪maegamigaおでこodekoniかからないkakaranaiようにyouni髪を上げるkamiwoageruことkotowoおすすめosusumeしますshimasu I recommend putting up your hair so your fringe doesn't get on your forehead.

列車resshaha出発shuppatsuしようshiyouとしていたtoshiteita The train was about to leave.

ことがあるkotogaaru Inflection

expression / godan ~る verb (irregular):

  • (for something) to have occurred; to have done (something) - after the past tense form of a verb
  • (for something) to happen on occasion
であるdearu Inflection

godan ~る verb (irregular):

ようにするyounisuru Inflection

expression / ~する verb (irregular):

  • (following a verb) to be sure to; to do (something) so that ...; to make sure to; to try to
まっとうするmattousuru Inflection

expression / ~する verb (irregular):

100saino長寿choujuwoまっとうするmattousuruhitoha少ないsukunai Few people live to be one hundred years old.

でもあるdemoaru Inflection

godan ~る verb (irregular):

  • to also be (implies that as well as the earlier stated this is also the case) - である with も; formal, literary である
  • to be ... or something
しつもんをするshitsumonwosuru Inflection

expression / ~する verb (irregular):

  • to ask a question; to ask questions
とするtosuru Inflection

expression / ~する verb (irregular):

  • to try to ...; to be about to do ... - after the volitional form of verb
  • to decide to ... - after the dictionary form of verb
  • to take as; to treat as; to regard as
  • to use for
  • to suppose that (such) is the case; to assume
  • to decide that; to think that
  • to make into; to change into
  • to feel (e.g. after sound symbolism or psychological experience word); to look; to feel like
  • to intend; to have the intention - with を目的
ことにするkotonisuru Inflection

expression / ~する verb (irregular):

  • to decide to
  • to pretend that - after the past tense form of a verb
  • to make a practice of doing; to make it a rule to - as 〜ことにしている
しようとするshiyoutosuru Inflection

expression / ~する verb (irregular):

かのうにするkanounisuru Inflection

expression / ~する verb (irregular):

  • to allow; to enable; to make possible; to make feasible; to permit
便しょうべんをするshoubenwosuruしょんべんをするshonbenwosuru Inflection

expression / ~する verb (irregular):

  • to pee; to piss
ないまぜにするnaimazenisuru Inflection

expression / ~する verb (irregular):

  • to blend (e.g. truth and lies); to mix together (e.g. kanji and kana)
むだにするmudanisuru Inflection

expression / ~する verb (irregular):

  • to render futile; to bring to naught; to waste; to not make good use of
ものにするmononisuru Inflection

expression / ~する verb (irregular):

  • to get; to secure; to take possession of; to make one's own; to win (someone's heart)
  • to learn; to master
  • to complete
ベースとするBEESUtosuru Inflection

expression / ~する verb (irregular):

  • to base something on; to make something the basis
ルーツとするRUUTSUtosuru Inflection

expression / ~する verb (irregular):

  • to have roots in
いっしょにするisshonisuru Inflection

expression / ~する verb (irregular):

  • to unite; to join; to do together
  • to confuse with
いっちゅうをゆするitchuuwoyusuruいっちゅうをしゅするitchuuwoshusuru Inflection

expression / ~する verb (irregular):

  • to be inferior to; to be outdone; to compare unfavourably with
おんがあるongaaru Inflection

expression / godan ~る verb (irregular):

  • to be in one's debt
たのしみにするtanoshiminisuru Inflection

expression / ~する verb (irregular):

  • to look forward to something
きがあるkigaaru Inflection

expression / godan ~る verb (irregular):

  • to have an interest (in something); to feel inclined (toward doing something)
きがするkigasuru Inflection

expression / ~する verb (irregular):

  • to have a certain mood or feeling; to have a hunch

© Based on JMdict, KANJIDIC2, and JMnedict, property of the Electronic Dictionary Research and Development Group, used in conformance with the Group's licence. Example sentences from the Tatoeba project (CC BY 2.0). Kanji stroke order data from the KanjiVG project by Ulrich Apel (CC BY-SA 3.0). See comprehensive list of data sources for more info.

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