しるshiru Inflection

godan ~る verb / transitive:

  • to be aware of; to know; to be conscious of; to cognize; to cognise
  • to notice; to feel
  • to understand; to comprehend; to grasp
  • to remember; to be acquainted with (a procedure)
  • to experience; to go through; to learn
  • to be acquainted with (a person); to get to know
  • to concern

英雄eiyuuha英雄eiyuuwo知るshiru Like knows like.

そのsono答えkotaewo知るshiruのにnoniあなたanataha本当にhontouniそのsono質問shitsumonwoするsuru必要hitsuyougaあるarunoかしらkashira Do you really need to ask the question to know the answer?

予知能力yochinouryokutoha霊力reiryokuwo使ってtsukatte未来miraini起こるokoruことがらkotogaraについてnitsuite知るshiruことkoto Precognition is the act of using spiritual-power to know things that will occur in the future.

あるaru Inflection

godan ~る verb (irregular) / intransitive verb:

  • to be; to exist; to live - usu. of inanimate objects 居る【いる】
  • to have
  • to be located
  • to be equipped with
  • to happen; to come about

失礼shitsureidaga上記のjoukino記事kijiniあるaru3つmittsuno誤りayamariwo指摘shitekiしてshiteおきokiたいtai Excuse me. I'd like to point out three errors in the above article.

悪いwaruiけどkedoほかにhokani用事youjigaあるaruno I'm sorry, I have another engagement.

つくるtsukuru Inflection

godan ~る verb / transitive:

  • to make; to produce; to manufacture; to build; to construct - 造る usu. for large-scale building, manufacturing, etc.; 創る usu. for creating
  • to prepare (food); to brew (alcohol)
  • to raise; to grow; to cultivate; to train 野菜を作る
  • to till
  • to draw up (a document); to make out; to prepare; to write
  • to create (an artistic work, etc.); to compose
  • to coin (a phrase); to organize; to organise; to establish; to found
  • to have (a child)
  • to make up (one's face, etc.)
  • to fabricate (an excuse, etc.)
  • to give a (false) appearance; to feign (a smile, etc.); to put on a show of emotion
  • to form (a line, etc.)
  • to set (a record)
  • to commit (a sin, etc.)

どこdokohe行ってittemokareha必ずkanarazu友達tomodachiwo作るtsukuru Wherever he may go, he is sure to make friends.

今日kyounoお弁当obentoumodaけどkedo五木itsukiさんsanto田中tanakaさんsanno作るtsukuruメニューMENYUUha緑黄色野菜ryokuoushokuyasaiga少ないsukunainじゃないjanai About today's packed-lunch, the menus prepared by Itsuki and Tanaka are low in beta-carotene-rich vegetables again aren't they?

庶民shominnoなりわいnariwaihakomewoつくるtsukuruことkotoだったdatta The ordinary people had their livelihood in farming rice.

文法的にbunpoutekini正しいtadashii文章bunshouwo作るtsukuruようyou心がけるkokorogakeruべきbekida You should try to produce grammatical sentences.

ではdehaCGwo作るtsukuru場合baaihaどのようにdonoyouni光源kougenwo使用shiyouすればsurebaよいyoinoであろうdearouka Then, when you're making CG, how should you use light sources?

輸入制限yunyuuseigenha両国間ryoukokukanによりniyori親密なshinmitsuna関係kankeiwo作るtsukuru支障shishouになるninaru Import restrictions are barriers to closer relations between the two countries.

例外reigaiha作るtsukuruべきではないbekidehanaito思いますomoimasu I don't think an exception should be made.

とるtoru Inflection

godan ~る verb / transitive:

  • to take; to pick up; to harvest; to earn; to win; to choose
  • to steal 盗る
  • to eat; to have (a meal) 摂る
  • to remove (one's glasses, etc.) - also written as 脱る
  • to compete (in sumo, cards, etc.); to play

watashihaよいyoisekiwoとるtoruことができたkotogadekita I got a good seat.

彼女kanojohaiede昼食chuushokuwoとるtoru She has lunch at home.

うるuru Inflection

godan ~る verb / transitive:

  • to sell

韓流kanryuuドラマDORAMAブームBUUMUni便乗binjouしてshite韓国kankokuno製品seihinwo売るuru業者gyoushaga増えたfueta Taking advantage of the popular boom in Korean drama, workers selling Korean goods have increased.

はしるhashiru Inflection

godan ~る verb / intransitive verb:

  • to run
  • to travel (movement of vehicles); to drive; to flow (e.g. energy)
  • to hurry to
  • to retreat (from battle); to take flight
  • to run away from home - esp. 奔る
  • to elope
  • to tend heavily toward - esp. 趨る
  • to flash; to streak; to shoot through (e.g. pain)

またmataいつかitsukafuuのようにnoyouni走るhashiruんだnda Someday I'll run like the wind.

ひかりhikarigouha東京toukyouto新大阪shin'oosakanomawo時間jikan10funde走るhashiru The Hikari runs between Tokyo and Shin-Osaka in three hours and ten minutes.

編集者henshuushahaささいなsasaina事実jijitsuwo読者dokushani提供teikyouするsuruのにnoni極端kyokutanni走るhashiruことkotogaよくあるyokuaru Editors often go to extremes in providing their readers with unimportant facts.

きるkiru Inflection

godan ~る verb / transitive:

  • to cut; to cut through; to perform (surgery)
  • to sever (connections, ties) 縁を切る
  • to turn off (e.g. the light)
  • to terminate (e.g. a conversation); to hang up (the phone); to disconnect 電話を切る
  • to punch (a ticket); to tear off (a stub)
  • to open (something sealed)
  • to start
  • to set (a limit); to do (something) in less or within a certain time; to issue (stamps, vouchers, etc.)
  • to reduce; to decrease; to discount 値切る
  • to shake off (water, etc.); to let drip-dry; to let drain
  • to cross; to traverse
  • to criticize sharply
  • to act decisively; to do (something noticeable); to go first; to make (certain facial expressions, in kabuki)
  • to turn (vehicle, steering wheel, etc.)
  • to curl (a ball); to bend; to cut
  • to shuffle (cards)
  • to discard a tile - Mahjong term
  • to dismiss; to sack; to let go; to expulse; to excommunicate
  • to dig (a groove); to cut (a stencil, on a mimeograph)
  • to trump 切り札
  • to cut (the connection between two groups) (in go)
  • to start a fire (with wood-wood friction or by striking a metal against stone) - also written as 鑽る
  • to draw (a shape) in the air (with a sword, etc.)

auxiliary verb / godan ~る verb:

  • to finish; to complete - after the -masu stem of a verb 疲れきる

2.大根daikonha拍子木hyoushigini切るkiru 2. Cut the daikon into long sticks.

iewo出る前derumaeにはnihaガスGASUnoスイッチSUITCHIwo切るkiruことkotowo忘れないでwasurenaideくださいkudasai Don't forget to turn off the gas before you leave the house.

3.電話をかけてdenwawokaketemoアナウンスANAUNSUtouni従って従tte操作sousaしたりshitariせずsezuすぐにsuguni切るkiruことkoto 3. If you do phone then hang up immediately, without following any instructions given.

いったんittanfuuwo切るkirutoそのsonoテープTEEPUha返品henpinできませんdekimasen Once you break the seal, you can't return the tape.

おわるowaru Inflection

godan ~る verb / intransitive verb / auxiliary verb:

  • to finish; to end; to close - also written 了る, 卒る, etc.

多くookuno言語gengode辞書形jishogatano語尾gobiga決まってkimatteおりori日本語nihongodehaう段udanno文字mojide終わるowaru In many languages the way dictionary-form words end is fixed; in Japanese they end in a 'u row' character.

とまるtomaru Inflection

godan ~る verb / intransitive verb:

  • to stop (moving); to come to a stop
  • to stop (doing, working, being supplied); to come to a halt; to cease; to be stopped; to be suspended
  • to alight; to perch on

そしてsoshite電車denshahaキーッKIIというtoiu音を立ててotowotatete止まったtomatta Then, the train screeched to a halt.

十分なjuubunna情報jouhouwo受け取るuketoruことができなかったkotogadekinakattaというtoiu理由riyuumo一部ichibuにはnihaあってatteハーHAAパーPAAno描写byoushaha不完全なfukanzennaものmononiとどまっているtodomatteiru Partly because he could not receive enough information, Harper's description remains imperfect.

あのanokinoedaniwanotorigaとまっているtomatteiru Some birds are sitting on the branch of that tree.

はるharu Inflection

godan ~る verb / transitive:

  • to stick; to paste; to affix - esp. 貼る

godan ~る verb / intransitive verb / transitive:

  • to stretch; to spread; to strain; to tighten; to put up (tent)

godan ~る verb / intransitive verb:

  • to form (e.g. ice on a pond)

godan ~る verb / intransitive verb / transitive:

  • to fill; to swell

godan ~る verb / transitive:

  • to stick out; to put; to slap

godan ~る verb / intransitive verb:

  • to be expensive

godan ~る verb / transitive:

  • to keep a watch on; to be on the lookout

godan ~る verb / intransitive verb:

  • to become one tile away from completion 張る - Mahjong term テンパる聴牌

godan ~る verb / transitive:

  • to span; to generate - Mathematics term

あなたanatano願書ganshoni最近のsaikinno写真shashinwo貼りhariなさいnasai Attach a recent photograph to your application form.

クモKUMOgaクモの巣kumonosuwo張るharuところtokorowo見たmitaことがありますkotogaarimasuka Have you ever seen a spider spinning its web?

mizuumiにはniha薄いusuikooriga張っていたhatteita There was thin ice on the lake.

しまるshimaru Inflection

godan ~る verb / intransitive verb:

  • to be shut; to close; to be closed - esp. 閉まる
  • to be firm (of a body, face, etc.); to be well-knit 締まる
  • to be locked
  • to tighten; to be tightened
  • to become sober; to become tense

misehajini閉まるshimaru The shop closes at seven.

キムKIMUちゃんchanhaすごくsugoku閉まるshimaru太ももfutomomoあるaruんでnde石炭sekitannokatamariwo入れhaireba、2shuugodeダイヤモンドDAIYAMONDOwo出しdashiてるteruyo Kim is so tight, if you stuck a lump of coal up her ass, in two weeks you'd have a diamond!

わかるwakaru Inflection

godan ~る verb / intransitive verb:

  • to understand; to comprehend; to grasp; to see; to get; to follow
  • to become clear; to be known; to be discovered; to be realized; to be realised; to be found out

hiroshi君のkimino気持ちkimochiha分かるwakaruyotoマイクMAIKUga言いますiimasu "I understand how you feel, Hiroshi," says Mike.

かかるkakaru Inflection

godan ~る verb / intransitive verb:

godan ~る verb:

  • to hang
  • to come into view; to arrive お目にかかる
  • to come under (a contract, a tax)
  • to start (engines, motors)
  • to attend; to deal with; to handle

godan ~る verb / auxiliary verb:

  • to have started to; to be on the verge of

godan ~る verb:

  • to overlap (e.g. information in a manual); to cover

godan ~る verb / auxiliary verb:

  • to (come) at

godan ~る verb:

歯医者haishadehaniついたtsuitaたばこtabakonoヤニYANIwo取ってtotteもらうmorauto費用hiyouhaどれくらいdorekuraiかかるkakaruでしょうdeshou About how much does it cost to have a dentist remove cigarette tar from your teeth?

所得税shotokuzeiha控除額koujogakuwo上回るuwamawaruいかなるikanaru所得shotokuにもnimoかかるkakaru An income tax is levied on any income that exceeds deductions.

haga痛むitamuならnara歯医者haishaさんsanniかかるkakaruべきbekiですdesu If your tooth hurts, you should see a dentist.

見知らぬmishiranuhitoni吠えhoe掛かるkakarunoha多くookunoinuni共通のkyoutsuuno習慣shuukanですdesu Barking at strangers is a habit common to many dogs.

toha内側uchigawadeかんぬきkannukigaかかるkakaru The door bolts on the inside.

かえるkaeruold Inflection

godan ~る verb / intransitive verb:

  • to return; to come home; to go home; to go back 返る
  • to leave - of a guest, customer, etc.
  • to get home; to get to home plate - Baseball term

留守中rusuchuuniもしmoshikaregaきたらkitarawatashiga帰るkaeruまでmade待つmatsuようにyouni言ってitteくださいkudasai If he should come in my absence, please ask him to wait until I come back.

まがるmagaru Inflection

godan ~る verb / intransitive verb:

彼女kanojogakakuwo曲がるmagaruときtokiwatashiha彼女kanojowo見かけたmikaketa I caught sight of her as she turned the corner.

ふるfuru Inflection

godan ~る verb / intransitive verb:

  • to fall (of rain, snow, ash, etc.); to come down
  • to form (of frost)
  • to beam down (of sunlight or moonlight); to pour in
  • to visit (of luck, misfortune, etc.); to come; to arrive

シカゴSHIKAGOnoあたりataridehaamega降っていましたfutteimashita It was raining around Chicago.

amega降っているfutteiru It's raining.

こまるkomaru Inflection

godan ~る verb / intransitive verb:

  • to be troubled; to be worried; to be bothered; to be embarrassed; to be stumped

私のwatashinomusumeha尻が重いshirigaomoiのでnode困るkomaru My daughter's slowness to take action is a pain.

すわるsuwaruirr. Inflection

godan ~る verb / intransitive verb:

  • to sit; to squat
  • to assume (a position)
  • to hold steady; to hold still - esp. 据わる, 据る

このkonoためtame会談kaidannosekino配置haichideha米国beikokuto相対aitaiしてshite座るsuwaru場所bashowo求めたmotometa So they sought a place such that the conference seating would have them facing the Americans.

とるtoru Inflection

godan ~る verb / transitive:

  • to take (a photo) - esp. 撮る
  • to record (video, audio, etc.); to make (a film) - esp. 録る

肖像画shouzougawo書くkaku準備junbiとしてtoshite私のwatashino友達tomodachiha対象taishouwoよくyoku観察kansatsuするsuruためtameno写真shashinwo沢山takusan撮るtoru In preparation for painting a portrait, my friend takes many photographs in order to study the subject closely.

はじまるhajimaru Inflection

godan ~る verb / intransitive verb:

  • to begin; to start; to commence
  • to happen (again); to begin (anew)
  • to date (from); to originate (in)

授業jugyouhaji三十funからkara始まるhajimaruからkara Class doesn't begin until eight-thirty.

のぼるnoboruold Inflection

godan ~る verb / intransitive verb:

  • to ascend; to go up; to climb
  • to ascend (as a natural process, e.g. the sun); to rise - usu. 昇る
  • to go to (the capital)
  • to be promoted
  • to add up to
  • to advance (in price)
  • to swim up (a river); to sail up
  • to come up (on the agenda)

kareha簡単にkantannikiniのぼるnoboru He has no trouble climbing trees.

そのsonoときtoki太陽taiyougaのぼるnoboruところtokoroだったdatta The sun was coming up then.

彼のkareno借金shakkinha総計soukei2000ドルDORUniのぼるnoboru His debts amount to $2,000.

のるnoruold Inflection

godan ~る verb / intransitive verb:

  • to get on (train, plane, bus, ship, etc.); to get in; to board; to take; to embark
  • to get on (e.g. a footstool); to step on; to jump on; to sit on; to mount 載る【のる】
  • to reach; to go over; to pass
  • to follow; to stay (on track); to go with (the times, etc.)
  • to take part; to participate; to join
  • to get into the swing (and sing, dance, etc.)
  • to be deceived; to be taken in
  • to be carried; to be spread; to be scattered - usu. with an adverb of manner, e.g. よく乗る
  • to stick; to attach; to take; to go on - usu. with an adverb of manner, e.g. よく乗る

11時のjino列車resshani乗るnoruつもりtsumoriですdesu I'm catching the 11:00 train.

そんなにsonnani沢山takusanパンPANni乗るnorunka You really put that much in the sandwich?

飛行機hikoukini乗るnorunohaこれkorega2度目ですdesu This is the second time I've flown.

なるnaru Inflection

godan ~る verb / intransitive verb:

  • to become; to get; to grow; to be; to reach; to attain
  • to result in; to prove to be
  • to consist of; to be composed of
  • to succeed; to be complete
  • to change into; to be exchanged for
  • to play a role 成り済ます
  • to be promoted - Shōgi term

godan ~る verb:

  • to do ... - as お+masu-stem+になる, ご+noun+になる, etc. - honorific language

edaga伸びnobimiga成るnaruことkotowo想定souteiしてshite接ぐtsugu場所bashowo選びましょうerabimashou Select the graft point after imagining how the branches will extend and fruit grow.

チームCHIIMUhaninno選手senshuからkara成るnaru Nine players make up a team.

年を取るtoshiwotoruto目ざとくmezatokuなるnaru As one grows old, one becomes a light sleeper.

わたるwataru Inflection

godan ~る verb / intransitive verb:

  • to cross over; to go across - usu. 渡る or 渉る
  • to extend; to cover; to range; to span - usu. 亘る or 亙る にわたって

老婦人roufujinga渡るwatarunowo助けたtasuketa I helped an old lady across.

くもるkumoru Inflection

godan ~る verb / intransitive verb:

  • to get cloudy; to cloud over; to become overcast
  • to cloud up; to fog up; to mist up; to become dim
  • to be gloomy; to be clouded (expression); to be downcast
  • to look slightly downward (of a noh mask; indicating sadness, grief, etc.) - from 面曇る 照る【てる】

蒸気joukideめがねmeganega曇ってkumotteしまったshimatta The steam has fogged my glasses.

明日ashitaha曇りkumoriになるninaruでしょうdeshou It will be cloudy tomorrow.

© Based on JMdict, KANJIDIC2, and JMnedict, property of the Electronic Dictionary Research and Development Group, used in conformance with the Group's licence. Example sentences from the Tatoeba project (CC BY 2.0). Kanji stroke order data from the KanjiVG project by Ulrich Apel (CC BY-SA 3.0). See comprehensive list of data sources for more info.

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