ka

noun / suffix noun:

  • passable; acceptable; tolerable; fair

このkono試験shikenha辞書jisho持ち込みmochikomikaですdesu You can use a dictionary for this exam.

ka

noun / suffix noun:

  • lesson
  • section (in an organization); division; department

counter:

  • counter for lessons and chapters (of a book)

watashiha1時間dehaそのsonokawo全部zenbuha理解rikaiできないdekinai I can't absorb all of the lesson in an hour.

ウイリアムズUIRIAMUZUshigaそのsonokawo取り仕切っているtorishikitteiru Mr Williams carries that section.

10kaからkara始めましょうhajimemashou Let's start with Lesson Ten.

kaKA

noun:

  • mosquito

kaniたくさんtakusan刺されましたsasaremashita I got a lot of mosquito bites.

ka

noun / suffix noun:

  • department; section; faculty; school; arm
  • course (of study); branch of study; specialization
  • (taxonomical) family

日曜日nichiyoubiniあるaruパーティPAATEIde耳鼻jibikaiwoshiてるteruhouto会いaiましmashita I met an ear nose and throat doctor at a party on Sunday.

ka

counter:

  • counter for the ichi-ni-san counting system (usu. directly preceding the item being counted); a noun read using its on-yomi
ka

noun:

  • addition; increase
  • Canada - abbreviation 加奈陀

watashiha高生takaoikaniよくyoku会うau I see much of Takaoka.

鹿しかshikaかせぎkasegiobs.kaobs.ろくrokuobs.シカSHIKA

noun:

  • deer (esp. the sika deer, Cervus nippon); cervid

私たちwatashitachihaしかshikano通ったtoottaあとatowoたどったtadotta We followed the deer's tracks.

ka

particle:

  • yes?; no?; isn't it?; is it? - used at sentence-end; indicates a question (sometimes rhetorical)
  • or; whether or not - after each alternative
  • some- (e.g. something, someone) - after an interrogative 何か
  • hmm; huh - indicates doubt, uncertainty, etc.; sometimes after other particles とか

prefix:

  • very - emphatic prefix; usu. before an adjective か弱い

suffix:

  • -al; -ial; -ic; -ical; -ish; -y - suffix forming adjectives or adverbs; after an indeclinable word 定か

adverb:

  • in that way - archaism
ka

noun:

  • rack; mount; stand
ka Inflection

adjectival noun / noun:

  • beautiful; good; excellent
ka

noun:

  • ge (ancient Chinese dagger-axe)
ka

suffix:

  • action of making something; -ification 化する
ka

suffix noun:

  • day of month

counter:

  • counter for days

karehanichiごとにgotoniここkokohe来るkuru He comes here every three days.

ka

noun:

  • condyle

counter:

  • counter for grains and small spheres - archaism
ka

prefix:

  • surplus- (attaches to start of Sino-Japanese words); excess-; over-
  • per- (chemical with more of a certain element than found in other compounds of the same constituents)
ka

suffix / ~の noun:

  • under (being in said condition or environment)

重体のjuutaino赤ちゃんakachanha医者ishano注意深いchuuibukai監視kanshikani置かれていたokareteita The very sick baby was under careful observation by the doctors.

ka

noun:

  • phala (attained state, result) - Buddhism term
  • enlightenment (as the fruits of one's Buddhist practice) - Buddhism term 悟り
  • fruit 果物

counter:

  • counter for pieces of fruit
ka

suffix:

  • -ist; -er - used after a noun indicating someone's occupation, pursuits, disposition, etc. 政治家
ka

noun:

  • Tuesday - abbreviation 火曜
  • fire (second of the five elements) 五行
ka

noun:

  • Xia (dynasty of China; perhaps mythological)
ka

suffix / counter:

  • counter for loads (that can be carried on one's shoulders)
ka

noun:

  • fruit - archaism

suffix / counter:

  • counter for fruit
ka

noun:

  • smell (esp. a good smell); fragrance; scent; aroma; perfume - esp. 〜の香 花の香
ka

noun:

ka

suffix noun / counter:

kakiha栄養eiyoukaga高くtakaku甘いamainoha最高saikouni美味bimiですdesuga時々tokidoki渋いshibuinogaありariますmasu Persimmons are highly nutritious and a great delicacy, but sometimes you get a sour one.

Partial results:

かていkatei

noun / ~の noun:

  • home; family; household

食事shokujiha家庭kateide食べますtabemasuka外食gaishokuですかdesuka Do you eat at home or eat out?

かぞくkazoku

noun / ~の noun:

  • family; members of a family

あなたanatano家族kazokuhaきっとkitto親切shinsetsuでしょうdeshou Your family must be very nice.

かいしゃkaisha

noun:

  • company; corporation
  • workplace

うちのuchino会社kaishaにはniha空きakigaないnai There is no opening in our firm.

何とかnantokakareno会社kaishawo見つけるmitsukerukotogaできたdekita I managed to find his office.

からだkarada

noun / ~の noun:

noun:

  • torso; trunk
  • build; physique; constitution

noun / ~の noun:

  • health

noun:

  • corpse; dead body

カメレオンKAMEREONha周りmawarinoironi合わせてawasetekaradashokuwo変えるkaeruことができるkotogadekiru The chameleon can take on the colors of its background.

あのanoころkoroもっとmotto一生懸命isshoukenmeikaradawo鍛えていたらkitaeteitarakareha今頃imagorohaもっとmotto健康kenkouであろうdearouni If he had trained himself harder at that time, he would be healthier now.

かわkawaがわgawa

noun:

  • river; stream かわ

suffix:

  • River; the ... river - suffix used with the names of rivers

このkonokawahaあのanokawano3倍長いnagai This river is three times longer than that one.

彼女kanojohaテームズTEEMUZUgawawo泳いでoyoide渡ろうwatarouとしたtoshita She attempted to swim across the Thames.

かみkami

noun:

  • paper

kaminisenwohon引きhikiなさいnasai Draw a line on the paper.

もんmonかどkado

noun / suffix noun:

  • gate
  • branch of learning based on the teachings of a single master もん
  • division; phylum もん - Biology term

counter:

  • counter for cannons もん

2人no兵士heishigamonnoところtokorode見張りmihariwoしていたshiteita Two soldiers kept guard at the gate.

kimumonkyouhatetsudeできているdekiteiru The Golden Gate Bridge is made of iron.

かどkado

noun:

  • corner (e.g. desk, pavement)
  • edge

watashihakakuniあるaru劇場gekijouni行くikuところtokoroですdesu I'm going to the theater on the corner.

かいものkaimonoかいもんkaimonかいもんkaimon

noun:

  • shopping; purchased goods - 買いもん is col.

1日おきにokini買い物kaimononi行くiku I go shopping every other day.

かいだんkaidan

noun:

  • stairs; stairway; staircase

そのsono階段kaidanwo上ってnobottehaいけませんikemasen You must not go up the stairs.

かんじkanji

noun:

  • Chinese characters; kanji

漢字kanjiwo書くkakuときtokihatenyaはらいharaini気をつけてkiwotsuketeなるべくnarubeku早くhayakuていねいにteineini書きましょうkakimashou When drawing kanji be careful of dots and sweeps, write as carefully and quickly as possible.

くだものkudamonoかぶつkabutsuくだものkudamono

noun:

  • fruit

kareha果物kudamononoほかhokaなにもnanimoたべないtabenai He eats nothing else but fruit.

かぜkazeふうじゃfuuja

noun:

  • common cold; cold; influenza; flu; ague

ただtadano風邪kazeでしょうdeshou You probably just have a cold.

かうkau Inflection

godan ~う verb / transitive:

  • to buy; to purchase - in western Japan, 買う conjugates euphonically as こうた, こうて, etc.
  • to value; to have a high opinion
  • to stir; to provoke; to draw upon oneself

学食gakushokuni飽きたakitaときtokiha、ベルファ,BERUFUAde買うkaumoよしyoshiファミレスFUAMIRESUde食べるtaberumoよしyoshi When you're fed up with the school cafe you can buy something at Bellfa or eat at a family restaurant.

かさkasa

noun:

  • umbrella; parasol
  • something shaped like an umbrella or a conical hat; shade (of a lamp); mushroom cap; pileus 笠【かさ】

タクシーTAKUSHIInikasawo忘れてwasureteしまったshimatta I left my umbrella in the cab.

かりるkariru Inflection

ichidan verb / transitive:

  • to borrow; to have a loan
  • to rent; to hire

kareにはnihaそのsonoお金okanewo借りるkariru友達tomodachigaいなかったinakatta He had no friend from whom he could borrow the money.

道具douguwo借りるkarirukotoga出来ますdekimasuka Is it possible to rent equipment?

かえすkaesu Inflection

godan ~す verb / transitive:

  • to return (something); to restore; to put back - esp. 返す 帰す【かえす】
  • to turn over; to turn upside down; to overturn
  • to pay back; to retaliate; to reciprocate - esp. 返す

suffix / godan ~す verb:

  • to repeat ...; to do ... back - after the -masu stem of a verb

お金okaneha明日ashita返すkaesuyo I'll give you back the money tomorrow.

戦闘sentouni携わるtazusawaru兵士heishiたちtachiha戦闘sentouga止んでいるyandeiruときtokini好んでkononde平穏無事なheionbujina時代jidaiwo想いomoi返すkaesu Combat soldiers during peaceful moments like to reminisce of their halcyon days.

かかるkakaru Inflection

godan ~る verb / intransitive verb:

godan ~る verb:

  • to hang
  • to come into view; to arrive お目にかかる
  • to come under (a contract, a tax)
  • to start (engines, motors)
  • to attend; to deal with; to handle

godan ~る verb / auxiliary verb:

  • to have started to; to be on the verge of

godan ~る verb:

  • to overlap (e.g. information in a manual); to cover

godan ~る verb / auxiliary verb:

  • to (come) at

godan ~る verb:

歯医者haishadehaniついたtsuitaたばこtabakonoヤニYANIwo取ってtotteもらうmorauto費用hiyouhaどれくらいdorekuraiかかるkakaruでしょうdeshou About how much does it cost to have a dentist remove cigarette tar from your teeth?

所得税shotokuzeiha控除額koujogakuwo上回るuwamawaruいかなるikanaru所得shotokuにもnimoかかるkakaru An income tax is levied on any income that exceeds deductions.

haga痛むitamuならnara歯医者haishaさんsanniかかるkakaruべきbekiですdesu If your tooth hurts, you should see a dentist.

見知らぬmishiranuhitoni吠えhoe掛かるkakarunoha多くookunoinuni共通のkyoutsuuno習慣shuukanですdesu Barking at strangers is a habit common to many dogs.

toha内側uchigawadeかんぬきkannukigaかかるkakaru The door bolts on the inside.

かようびkayoubi

adverbial noun / temporal noun:

  • Tuesday

火曜日kayoubini国会kokkaiga開かれるhirakareru The Diet will meet on Tuesday.

かすkasu Inflection

godan ~す verb / transitive:

  • to lend; to loan
  • to rent out; to hire out

kinwo借りるkarirunomo貸すkasunomoiyada I don't want to lend or borrow.

からいkarai Inflection

adjective:

  • spicy; hot
  • salty
  • harsh (criticism); severe (punishment); strict
  • painful; bitter; difficult; tough 辛い【つらい】

watashiha辛いtsurai食物shokumotsuhaあまりamari好きsukiではないdehanai I don't care too much for hot food.

彼女kanojoha多くookuno辛いtsurai思いomoiwo経験keikenしてshiteきたkita She has gone through many difficulties.

かびんkabinはながめhanagameかへいkaheiかびんkabin

noun:

  • (flower) vase

花びんkabinha粉々konagonaになったninatta The vase broke into fragments.

かえるkaeruold Inflection

godan ~る verb / intransitive verb:

  • to return; to come home; to go home; to go back 返る
  • to leave - of a guest, customer, etc.
  • to get home; to get to home plate - Baseball term

留守中rusuchuuniもしmoshikaregaきたらkitarawatashiga帰るkaeruまでmade待つmatsuようにyouni言ってitteくださいkudasai If he should come in my absence, please ask him to wait until I come back.

かぎkagi

noun:

  • key
  • lock

すべてのsubeteno兵士heishiwo一騎当千のつわものikkitousennotsuwamononi育てるsodateruカギKAGIha訓練kunrenwo強化kyoukaするsuruことkotoであるdearu The key to raising every soldier into a great warrior is in strengthening training.

ドアDOAwo開けるakerusainiwatashihakagiwo壊してkowashiteしまったshimatta In opening the door, I broke the lock.

かるいkaruiかろいkaroi Inflection

adjective:

  • light (i.e. not heavy); feeling light (i.e. offering little resistance, moving easily) Antonym: 重い
  • light (i.e. of foot); effortless; nimble; agile
  • non-serious; minor; unimportant; trivial
  • slight; small; gentle; soft; easy; lighthearted (e.g. joke)
  • easy; simple
  • indiscriminate 口が軽い

えりerinoスーツケースSUUTSUKEESUha重たomotaそうsoudaga実際jissaihaとてもtotemo軽いkarui Although Eri's suitcase looks heavy, it's actually very light.

終わったowattaあとatomoashiga軽いkarui感じkanjigaしましたshimashita I felt very light on my feet afterwards.

しかしshikashikareni大きなookinaけがkegahaなくnaku軽いkarui打撲傷dabokushoude済んだsunda However he wasn't seriously hurt and got away with light bruising.

watashiha気が短いkigamijikaishikuchimo軽いkaruiotokoda I'm short-tempered, and a loose-tongued man.

© Based on JMdict, KANJIDIC2, and JMnedict, property of the Electronic Dictionary Research and Development Group, used in conformance with the Group's licence. Example sentences from the Tatoeba project (CC BY 2.0). Kanji stroke order data from the KanjiVG project by Ulrich Apel (CC BY-SA 3.0). See comprehensive list of data sources for more info.

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