• plain; field
  • hidden (structural) member

prefix noun:

  • wild 野ウサギ
  • lacking a political post

彼女のkanojonohanashidehanonohanawo探してsagashitemoriwo歩いていたaruiteitaのだnodaそうだsouda She said she was walking through the woods, looking for wild flowers.

このkononoバラBARAha甘いamai香りkaoriwo放つhanatsu This wild rose gives off a sweet scent.



  • indicates possessive - occasionally ん, orig. written 乃 or 之
  • nominalizes verbs and adjectives
  • substitutes for "ga" in subordinate phrases
  • (at sentence-end, falling tone) indicates a confident conclusion - often ん
  • (at sentence-end) indicates emotional emphasis - female language
  • (at sentence-end, rising tone) indicates question


  • possessive particle - 之 used esp. on tombs, etc. - archaism


  • shaft (of an arrow) - archaism
  • arrow bamboo (Pseudosasa japonica) - archaism 矢竹

noun / suffix noun / counter:

  • unit of measurement for cloth breadth (30-38 cm) - after a number in the hito-, futa-, mi- counting system

Partial results:

のむnomuoldirr. Inflection

godan ~む verb / transitive:

  • to drink; to gulp; to swallow; to take (medicine) - 呑む is often used metaphorically; 服む is often used for medicine
  • to smoke (tobacco) - also written 喫む 喫む
  • to engulf; to overwhelm
  • to keep down; to suppress
  • to accept (e.g. demand, condition)
  • to make light of; to conceal

くれるkureruno?」「いやあiyaaホテルHOTERUde呑むnomuんですndesuyo」「だろうdaroune "Can I have it?" "Sorry, I drank it at the hotel!" "Thought so."

あなたanatahaそのsonokusuriwo飲むnomuことkotowo断るkotowaruべきbekiであるdearu You must refuse to drink this drug.

sakewo飲むnomuto打解けuchitokete来るkuru As we drink, we open up to each other.

のるnoruold Inflection

godan ~る verb / intransitive verb:

  • to get on (train, plane, bus, ship, etc.); to get in; to board; to take; to embark
  • to get on (e.g. a footstool); to step on; to jump on; to sit on; to mount 載る【のる】
  • to reach; to go over; to pass
  • to follow; to stay (on track); to go with (the times, etc.)
  • to take part; to participate; to join
  • to get into the swing (and sing, dance, etc.)
  • to be deceived; to be taken in
  • to be carried; to be spread; to be scattered - usu. with an adverb of manner, e.g. よく乗る
  • to stick; to attach; to take; to go on - usu. with an adverb of manner, e.g. よく乗る

11時のjino列車resshani乗るnoruつもりtsumoriですdesu I'm catching the 11:00 train.

そんなにsonnani沢山takusanパンPANni乗るnorunka You really put that much in the sandwich?

飛行機hikoukini乗るnorunohaこれkorega2度目ですdesu This is the second time I've flown.

のぼるnoboruold Inflection

godan ~る verb / intransitive verb:

  • to ascend; to go up; to climb
  • to ascend (as a natural process, e.g. the sun); to rise - usu. 昇る
  • to go to (the capital)
  • to be promoted
  • to add up to
  • to advance (in price)
  • to swim up (a river); to sail up
  • to come up (on the agenda)

kareha簡単にkantannikiniのぼるnoboru He has no trouble climbing trees.

そのsonoときtoki太陽taiyougaのぼるnoboruところtokoroだったdatta The sun was coming up then.

彼のkareno借金shakkinha総計soukei2000ドルDORUniのぼるnoboru His debts amount to $2,000.



  • drink; beverage

何かnanika飲み物nomimonowoいただけますitadakemasuka May I have something to drink?



  • vehicle; conveyance; transport
  • ride (playground, fair, carnival); playground facility

乗り物norimonoha子供kodomo向けmukeであるdearu Rides in the cars are for kids.

のこるnokoru Inflection

godan ~る verb / intransitive verb:

  • to remain; to be left

そのsonoekiからkara溶剤youzaiwo揮発kihatsuさせるsaseru残るnokorunoha香りkaori成分seibunto植物shokubutsuワックスWAKKUSUnokatamari Vaporise the solvent from the liquid. What's left is the perfume component and a lump of vegetable wax.

のりかえるnorikaeru Inflection

ichidan verb / transitive:

  • to transfer (trains); to change (bus, train)
  • to change one's mind; to move on to (e.g. a new love interest); to change methods; to change one's way of thinking

新宿shinjukude電車denshawo乗り換えるnorikaerundayo You have to change trains at Shinjuku.


noun / ~の noun:

  • agriculture

海外kaigai向けmuke食品shokuhinno輸出yushutsuha農業nougyou関連kanren産業sangyounohashirano一つhitotsuですdesu Overseas food exports are one of the mainstays of agribusiness.



  • ability; faculty

karehaすぐれたsugureta能力nouryokuwoもっていたmotteita His talent was of a high order.



  • farmer; farming family
  • farmhouse

農家noukanokoになりninariたいtaikane Would you like to be a farm boy?


noun / ~の noun:

  • remnant; residue; remaining; left-over

彼女のkanojonodainokurumahadaigaaode残りnokorihashiroda One of her three cars is blue and the others are white.

のこすnokosu Inflection

godan ~す verb / transitive:

  • to leave (behind, over); to bequeath; to save; to reserve

にはnihaこれらのkoreranoyanouenikinunoitowoさらにsarani張りharisuno中央chuuouni滑らかnamerakade粘りnebarinoないnai部分bubunwo残すnokosu Then it draws more silky lines across these spokes, leaving a smooth, non-sticky patch in the middle of the web.


noun / ~の noun:

  • farmer; peasant

watashiha貧しいmazushii農民nouminに過ぎないnisuginai I am nothing but a poor peasant.



  • talent; gift; function
  • noh (theatre)

nouha伝統的なdentoutekina日本nipponno芸術geijutsuであるdearu Noh is a traditional Japanese art.



  • wish; desire; hope
  • prospect; expectation; (one's) hopes

あなたanatano望みnozomiga実現jitsugenするsurutoいいiiですdesune I hope your wish will come true.

あのanoチームCHIIMUhaあるaruとしてもtoshitemoまずmazu優勝yuushouno望みnozomihaないnai That team has little, if any, chance of winning.

のせるnoseru Inflection

ichidan verb / transitive:

  • to place on (something)
  • to give (someone) a ride; to give a lift; to pick up; to help on board - esp. 乗せる
  • to load (luggage); to carry; to take on board - esp. 載せる
  • to send out (on the airwaves, etc.)
  • to deceive; to take for a ride
  • to (sing) along with (musical accompaniment)
  • to let (someone) take part
  • to excite (someone)
  • to publish (an article); to run (an ad) 載せる

彼らkareraha人工衛星jinkoueiseiwo軌道kidouni乗せるnoseruことkotoni成功seikouしたshita They succeeded in putting an artificial satellite in orbit.

karehaatamawoのせるnoseruためtame二三noクッションKUSSHONwo持ってきたmottekita He fetched a few cushions to prop up her head.

彼のkareno母親hahaoyagakarewokurumani乗せるnoseruためにtameni来たkita His mother came to pick him up.

のぞむnozomu Inflection

godan ~む verb / transitive:

  • to desire
  • to wish for; to expect
  • to see; to command (a view of)

私のwatashino望むnozomunoha安らぎyasuragito静けさshizukesaだけdakeですdesu All I want is peace and quiet.

のびるnobiru Inflection

ichidan verb / intransitive verb:

  • to stretch; to extend; to lengthen; to grow (of hair, height, grass, etc.)
  • to straighten out; to be flattened; to become smooth
  • to spread (of paint, cream, etc.)
  • to stretch out (e.g. of a hand); to extend
  • to lose elasticity; to become slack; to become soggy (e.g. noodles)
  • to make progress; to develop; to expand; to increase; to improve 伸びる
  • to be exhausted; to be groggy; to pass out; to collapse 伸びる
  • to be prolonged (meeting, life span, etc.); to be extended (e.g. deadline); to lengthen (e.g. of the days) 延びる
  • to be postponed; to be delayed; to be put off 延びる

時間jikanni縛られたshibarareta社会shakaidehatokihasenのようにnoyouniつまりtsumari過去kakoからkara現在genzaiwo通ってtootte未来miraini向かってmukatte延びるnobiruhonno直線chokusenと見られているtomirareteiru In a time-bound society time is seen as linear- in other words as a straight line extending from the past, through the present, to the future.

消費shouhiha心持ちkokoromochi伸びるnobiru程度teidoでしょうdeshou Spending will grow only a touch faster.

身長shinchouってtteどうdouやっyaたらtara伸びるnobirunだろdarou How can I get taller?



  • throat
  • singing voice

今日kyou起きたらokitaranodogaいがらっぽかったigarappokattaですdesu When I got up today my throat felt a little sore.

のばすnobasu Inflection

godan ~す verb / transitive:

  • to grow long (e.g. hair, nails) - esp. 伸ばす
  • to lengthen; to extend; to stretch
  • to reach out; to hold out - esp. 伸ばす
  • to straighten; to smooth out
  • to spread evenly (dough, cream, etc.)
  • to dilute; to thin out
  • to postpone - esp. 延ばす
  • to prolong
  • to strengthen; to develop; to expand

そのsono男の子otokonokohaあくまでもakumademo髪の毛kaminokewo伸ばすnobasuことkotoniこだわったkodawatta The boy persisted in wearing his hair long.

暗闇kurayaminonakaoreha遠ざかるtoozakaru後姿ushirosugatani必死にhisshinitewo伸ばすnobasu In the darkness, I frantically reach out towards the receding figure.

そのsono仕事shigotowo明日ashitaまでmade延ばすnobasuna Don't put off the work till tomorrow.

委員会iinkaino目的mokutekiha子供kodomono音楽ongakuno才能sainouwo伸ばすnobasuことkotoniありますarimasu The purpose of the committee is to develop children's musical talent.



  • eaves
  • narrow aisle surrounding the core of a temple building

彼女kanojoha鳥かごtorikagowonokiからkaraつるしたtsurushita She hung the cage from the eaves.

のべるnoberu Inflection

ichidan verb / transitive:

  • to state; to express; to mention

bokuha君のkimino意見ikenni不賛成fusanseidagaそれsorewo述べるnoberu君のkimino権利kenriha最後までsaigomade護ってmamotteやろうyarou I disapprove of what you say, but I will defend to the death your right to say it.


noun / ~の noun:

  • later; afterwards; since
  • future
  • after one's death
  • descendant - archaism

funega沈没chinbotsuしてshiteしまってshimatteのちnochifuneno残骸zangaiga引き上げられたhikiagerareta The wreckage of the ship was salvaged after it had gone to Davy Jones's locker.

雨天utennonochiにはniha晴天seitenga来るkuru After rain comes fair weather.

のぞくnozoku Inflection

godan ~く verb / transitive:

  • to remove; to eliminate; to eradicate
  • to exclude; to except

急所kyuushowo除くnozokuすべてのsubeteno攻撃kougekiwo認めるmitomeru I'm allowing all attacks except on vital organs.

のんびりnonbiri Inflection

adverb / ~と adverb / ~する noun:

  • carefree; at leisure - onomatopoeia



plains; field; rustic; civilian life


of; this

© Based on JMdict, KANJIDIC2, and JMnedict, property of the Electronic Dictionary Research and Development Group, used in conformance with the Group's licence. Example sentences from the Tatoeba project (CC BY 2.0). Kanji stroke order data from the KanjiVG project by Ulrich Apel (CC BY-SA 3.0). See comprehensive list of data sources for more info.

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