• indicates possessive - occasionally ん, orig. written 乃 or 之
  • nominalizes verbs and adjectives
  • substitutes for "ga" in subordinate phrases
  • (at sentence-end, falling tone) indicates a confident conclusion - often ん
  • (at sentence-end) indicates emotional emphasis - female language
  • (at sentence-end, rising tone) indicates question


No Kanji in this term

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