あげるageru Inflection

ichidan verb / transitive:

  • to raise; to elevate 手を挙げる
  • to do up (one's hair) 髪を上げる
  • to fly (a kite, etc.); to launch (fireworks, etc.); to surface (a submarine, etc.)
  • to land (a boat)
  • to deep-fry 揚げる
  • to show someone (into a room)
  • to summon (for geishas, etc.) 揚げる - usually written using kana alone
  • to send someone (away)
  • to enrol (one's child in school); to enroll
  • to increase (price, quality, status, etc.); to develop (talent, skill); to improve
  • to make (a loud sound); to raise (one's voice) 声を上げる
  • to earn (something desirable)
  • to praise
  • to give (an example, etc.); to cite - usu. 挙げる
  • to summon up (all of one's energy, etc.) - usu. 挙げる
  • to arrest 挙げる
  • to nominate 挙げる
  • to give 上げる - polite language
  • to offer up (incense, a prayer, etc.) to the gods (or Buddha, etc.) 上げる
  • to bear (a child)
  • to conduct (a ceremony, esp. a wedding) - usu. 挙げる

ichidan verb / intransitive verb:

  • (of the tide) to come in

ichidan verb / intransitive verb / transitive:

  • to vomit

auxiliary verb / ichidan verb:

  • to do for (the sake of someone else) - after the -te form of a verb - usually written using kana alone - polite language
  • to complete ... - after the -masu stem of a verb 作り上げる
  • to humbly do ... - after the -masu stem of a humble verb to increase the level of humility - humble language 申し上げる

調節chousetsuレバーREBAAwoueni上げるageruto座面zamenno高さtakasawo調節chousetsuできますdekimasu You can adjust the seat height by moving the adjustment lever up.

たこtakowo上げるageruことkotoga危険なkikennaことkotomoあるaru Flying a kite can be dangerous.

彼らkareraha給料kyuuryouwo上げるageruようにyouni要求youkyuuしたshita They made a claim for higher pay.

彼女kanojoha小さなchiisana驚きodorokino悲鳴himeiwo上げるageruto浴室yokushitsuni逃げてnigete行ったitta She gave a small cry of alarm and fled to the bathroom.

零細reisai小売店kouritenなどnadohashin年度nendoにはniha利益riekiwo上げるageruでしょうdeshou Mom-and-pop stores will turn a profit in the new fiscal year.

fuyunoソナタSONATAworeini挙げるageruまでもなくmademonakuいまやimaya時ならぬtokinaranu韓流kanryuuブームBUUMUであるdearu You don't need to bring up "A Winter Sonata" to show that South Korean culture is having an unexpected boom in Japan.

watashihakareniペンPENwoあげるageruつもりtsumoriですdesu I'll give him a pen.

解き方tokikatawo教えてoshieteあげるageruyo I will show you how to solve it.

あるaru Inflection

godan ~る verb (irregular) / intransitive verb:

  • to be; to exist; to live - usu. of inanimate objects 居る【いる】
  • to have
  • to be located
  • to be equipped with
  • to happen; to come about

失礼shitsureidaga上記のjoukino記事kijiniあるaru3つmittsuno誤りayamariwo指摘shitekiしてshiteおきokiたいtai Excuse me. I'd like to point out three errors in the above article.

悪いwaruiけどkedoほかにhokani用事youjigaあるaruno I'm sorry, I have another engagement.

はしるhashiru Inflection

godan ~る verb / intransitive verb:

  • to run
  • to travel (movement of vehicles); to drive; to flow (e.g. energy)
  • to hurry to
  • to retreat (from battle); to take flight
  • to run away from home - esp. 奔る
  • to elope
  • to tend heavily toward - esp. 趨る
  • to flash; to streak; to shoot through (e.g. pain)

またmataいつかitsukafuuのようにnoyouni走るhashiruんだnda Someday I'll run like the wind.

ひかりhikarigouha東京toukyouto新大阪shin'oosakanomawo時間jikan10funde走るhashiru The Hikari runs between Tokyo and Shin-Osaka in three hours and ten minutes.

編集者henshuushahaささいなsasaina事実jijitsuwo読者dokushani提供teikyouするsuruのにnoni極端kyokutanni走るhashiruことkotogaよくあるyokuaru Editors often go to extremes in providing their readers with unimportant facts.

おりるoriru Inflection

ichidan verb / intransitive verb:

  • to descend (e.g. a mountain); to go down; to come down - esp. 下りる
  • to alight (e.g. from bus); to get off; to disembark; to dismount - esp. 降りる
  • to step down; to retire; to give up; to quit
  • to be granted; to be issued; to be given - esp. 下りる
  • to form (of frost, dew, mist, etc.) - esp. 降りる
  • to be passed (from the body; e.g. of a roundworm) - esp. 下りる 下り物

あのanoプロPUROnoスキーヤーSUKIIYAAha離れ業hanarewazawoshiながらnagarayamawoおりるorirunoga好きsukiだったdatta The professional skier liked to "hot-dog" down the mountain.

列車resshawo降りるorirutoすぐにsugunikarehaいとこitokono出迎えdemukaewo受けたuketa As soon as he got off the train, he was met by his cousin.

早朝souchounirogaおりるoriru The dew falls in early morning.

おわるowaru Inflection

godan ~る verb / intransitive verb / auxiliary verb:

  • to finish; to end; to close - also written 了る, 卒る, etc.

多くookuno言語gengode辞書形jishogatano語尾gobiga決まってkimatteおりori日本語nihongodehaう段udanno文字mojide終わるowaru In many languages the way dictionary-form words end is fixed; in Japanese they end in a 'u row' character.

とまるtomaru Inflection

godan ~る verb / intransitive verb:

  • to stop (moving); to come to a stop
  • to stop (doing, working, being supplied); to come to a halt; to cease; to be stopped; to be suspended
  • to alight; to perch on

そしてsoshite電車denshahaキーッKIIというtoiu音を立ててotowotatete止まったtomatta Then, the train screeched to a halt.

十分なjuubunna情報jouhouwo受け取るuketoruことができなかったkotogadekinakattaというtoiu理由riyuumo一部ichibuにはnihaあってatteハーHAAパーPAAno描写byoushaha不完全なfukanzennaものmononiとどまっているtodomatteiru Partly because he could not receive enough information, Harper's description remains imperfect.

あのanokinoedaniwanotorigaとまっているtomatteiru Some birds are sitting on the branch of that tree.

でるderu Inflection

ichidan verb / intransitive verb:

  • to leave; to exit; to go out; to come out; to get out Antonym: 入る【はいる】
  • to leave (on a journey); to depart; to start out; to set out
  • to move forward
  • to come to; to get to; to lead to; to reach
  • to appear; to come out; to emerge; to surface; to come forth; to turn up; to be found; to be detected; to be discovered; to be exposed; to show; to be exhibited; to be on display
  • to appear (in print); to be published; to be announced; to be issued; to be listed; to come out
  • to attend; to participate; to take part; to enter (an event); to play in; to perform
  • to be stated; to be expressed; to come up; to be brought up; to be raised
  • to sell
  • to exceed; to go over
  • to stick out; to protrude
  • to break out; to occur; to start; to originate
  • to be produced
  • to come from; to be derived from
  • to be given; to get; to receive; to be offered; to be provided; to be presented; to be submitted; to be handed in; to be turned in; to be paid
  • to answer (phone, door, etc.); to get
  • to assume (an attitude); to act; to behave
  • to pick up (speed, etc.); to gain
  • to flow (e.g. tears); to run; to bleed
  • to graduate

女性joseiga働きhatarakini出るderukotohaごくgoku普通futsuunoことkotoda It is quite common for women to go out to work.

アメリカAMERIKAno学生gakuseinonakaにはniha苦労kurouしてshite働きhatarakiながらnagara大学daigakuwo出るderumonoga多いooi Many American students work their way through the university.

電話denwaga鳴っていたnatteitagaそれsoreni出るderuhitohaいなかったinakatta The phone was ringing, but there was no one to answer it.

はるharu Inflection

godan ~る verb / transitive:

  • to stick; to paste; to affix - esp. 貼る

godan ~る verb / intransitive verb / transitive:

  • to stretch; to spread; to strain; to tighten; to put up (tent)

godan ~る verb / intransitive verb:

  • to form (e.g. ice on a pond)

godan ~る verb / intransitive verb / transitive:

  • to fill; to swell

godan ~る verb / transitive:

  • to stick out; to put; to slap

godan ~る verb / intransitive verb:

  • to be expensive

godan ~る verb / transitive:

  • to keep a watch on; to be on the lookout

godan ~る verb / intransitive verb:

  • to become one tile away from completion 張る - Mahjong term テンパる聴牌

godan ~る verb / transitive:

  • to span; to generate - Mathematics term

あなたanatano願書ganshoni最近のsaikinno写真shashinwo貼りhariなさいnasai Attach a recent photograph to your application form.

クモKUMOgaクモの巣kumonosuwo張るharuところtokorowo見たmitaことがありますkotogaarimasuka Have you ever seen a spider spinning its web?

mizuumiにはniha薄いusuikooriga張っていたhatteita There was thin ice on the lake.

うたうutau Inflection

godan ~う verb / transitive / intransitive verb:

  • to sing

godan ~う verb / transitive:

  • to sing (one's praises in a poem, etc.); to compose a poem; to recite a poem - esp. 歌う, 詠う

どうしてdoushiteoreha彼らkareraのようにnoyouni歌うutauことkotoga出来ないdekinaiんだnda Why can't I sing like they can?

しまるshimaru Inflection

godan ~る verb / intransitive verb:

  • to be shut; to close; to be closed - esp. 閉まる
  • to be firm (of a body, face, etc.); to be well-knit 締まる
  • to be locked
  • to tighten; to be tightened
  • to become sober; to become tense

misehajini閉まるshimaru The shop closes at seven.

キムKIMUちゃんchanhaすごくsugoku閉まるshimaru太ももfutomomoあるaruんでnde石炭sekitannokatamariwo入れhaireba、2shuugodeダイヤモンドDAIYAMONDOwo出しdashiてるteruyo Kim is so tight, if you stuck a lump of coal up her ass, in two weeks you'd have a diamond!

でかけるdekakeru Inflection

ichidan verb / intransitive verb:

  • to go out (e.g. on an excursion or outing); to leave; to depart; to start; to set out
  • to be about to leave; to be just going out

tsumahasakananoオードブルOODOBURUga好きsukidaからkarane釣りtsurini出掛けるdekakeruときtokihao許し許shiga出やすいdeyasuindayone My wife loves fish hors d'oeuvre, so it's easier for me to get a kitchen pass for my fishing.

わかるwakaru Inflection

godan ~る verb / intransitive verb:

  • to understand; to comprehend; to grasp; to see; to get; to follow
  • to become clear; to be known; to be discovered; to be realized; to be realised; to be found out

hiroshi君のkimino気持ちkimochiha分かるwakaruyotoマイクMAIKUga言いますiimasu "I understand how you feel, Hiroshi," says Mike.

ちがうchigau Inflection

godan ~う verb / intransitive verb:

  • to differ (from); to vary
  • to not be in the usual condition
  • to not match the correct (answer, etc.)
  • to be different from promised 話が違う

expression:

  • isn't it?; wasn't it? - at sentence-end; oft. as 〜のと違うか - Kansai dialect

そのsonotendehawatashihakimito意見ikenga違うchigau I differ from you on that point.

そんなsonnaばかなbakanaことkotowo言うiuなんてnantekarehakiでもdemo違ったchigattanoka Is he mad that he should say such a foolish thing?

kimiha違うchigauhouniいきますikimasuyo You're going in the wrong direction.

およぐoyogu Inflection

godan ~ぐ verb / intransitive verb:

  • to swim

まだmada水温suion低いhikuiからkara泳ぐoyoguつもりtsumorihaないnainyo The water temperature's still low so you're not going to swim, are you?

あうau Inflection

godan ~う verb / intransitive verb:

  • to meet; to encounter; to see - 逢う is often used for close friends, etc. and may be associated with drama or pathos; 遭う may have an undesirable nuance
  • to have an accident; to have a bad experience - esp. 遭う when in kanji - usually written using kana alone

両親ryoushinhawatashigaまたmataトムTOMUto会うauことkotowo禁止kinshiしたshita My parents prohibited me from seeing Tom again.

猛吹雪moufubukini遭うauまでmadeha順調junchouni進んだsusunda We made good time until we ran into a blizzard.

かかるkakaru Inflection

godan ~る verb / intransitive verb:

godan ~る verb:

  • to hang
  • to come into view; to arrive お目にかかる
  • to come under (a contract, a tax)
  • to start (engines, motors)
  • to attend; to deal with; to handle

godan ~る verb / auxiliary verb:

  • to have started to; to be on the verge of

godan ~る verb:

  • to overlap (e.g. information in a manual); to cover

godan ~る verb / auxiliary verb:

  • to (come) at

godan ~る verb:

歯医者haishadehaniついたtsuitaたばこtabakonoヤニYANIwo取ってtotteもらうmorauto費用hiyouhaどれくらいdorekuraiかかるkakaruでしょうdeshou About how much does it cost to have a dentist remove cigarette tar from your teeth?

所得税shotokuzeiha控除額koujogakuwo上回るuwamawaruいかなるikanaru所得shotokuにもnimoかかるkakaru An income tax is levied on any income that exceeds deductions.

haga痛むitamuならnara歯医者haishaさんsanniかかるkakaruべきbekiですdesu If your tooth hurts, you should see a dentist.

見知らぬmishiranuhitoni吠えhoe掛かるkakarunoha多くookunoinuni共通のkyoutsuuno習慣shuukanですdesu Barking at strangers is a habit common to many dogs.

toha内側uchigawadeかんぬきkannukigaかかるkakaru The door bolts on the inside.

かえるkaeruold Inflection

godan ~る verb / intransitive verb:

  • to return; to come home; to go home; to go back 返る
  • to leave - of a guest, customer, etc.
  • to get home; to get to home plate - Baseball term

留守中rusuchuuniもしmoshikaregaきたらkitarawatashiga帰るkaeruまでmade待つmatsuようにyouni言ってitteくださいkudasai If he should come in my absence, please ask him to wait until I come back.

おきるokiru Inflection

ichidan verb / intransitive verb:

  • to get up; to rise; to blaze up (fire)
  • to wake up; to be awake; to stay awake
  • to occur (usu. of unfavourable incidents); to happen; to take place

僕らbokuraha明け方akegatani起きるokiruためにtameni早くhayaku寝たneta We hit the hay early in order to get up at dawn.

連日renjitsu交通事故koutsuujikoga起きるokiru Traffic accidents happen daily.

やすむyasumu Inflection

godan ~む verb / intransitive verb:

  • to be absent; to take a day off
  • to rest; to have a break
  • to go to bed; to (lie down to) sleep; to turn in; to retire
  • to stop doing some ongoing activity for a time; to suspend business

karehaよくyoku会合kaigouwo休むyasumu He often absents himself from meetings.

老人roujinha休むyasumuためにtameni少しsukoshinoma立ち止まったtachidomatta The old man stopped for a moment to rest.

我々warewarehahiruha働きhatarakiyoruha休むyasumu We work by day, and rest by night.

警察keisatsuga墜落事故tsuirakujikono原因gen'inwo昼夜chuuya休むyasumuことなくkotonaku調査chousaしているshiteiru The police are investigating the cause of the crash around the clock.

まがるmagaru Inflection

godan ~る verb / intransitive verb:

彼女kanojogakakuwo曲がるmagaruときtokiwatashiha彼女kanojowo見かけたmikaketa I caught sight of her as she turned the corner.

ふるfuru Inflection

godan ~る verb / intransitive verb:

  • to fall (of rain, snow, ash, etc.); to come down
  • to form (of frost)
  • to beam down (of sunlight or moonlight); to pour in
  • to visit (of luck, misfortune, etc.); to come; to arrive

シカゴSHIKAGOnoあたりataridehaamega降っていましたfutteimashita It was raining around Chicago.

amega降っているfutteiru It's raining.

こまるkomaru Inflection

godan ~る verb / intransitive verb:

  • to be troubled; to be worried; to be bothered; to be embarrassed; to be stumped

私のwatashinomusumeha尻が重いshirigaomoiのでnode困るkomaru My daughter's slowness to take action is a pain.

さすsasu Inflection

godan ~す verb / intransitive verb:

  • to shine 射す
  • to be visible
  • to be tinged with
  • to rise (of water levels); to flow in
  • to be felt (i.e. as an emotion); to come over one 気が差す魔が差す

godan ~す verb / transitive:

  • to hold up (an umbrella, etc.); to put up; to raise
  • to extend one's arm straight ahead (in dance) 指す
  • to insert; to put in 挿す
  • to wear (a sword) in one's belt; to wear at one's side; to carry under one's arm 挿す
  • to insert one's arm under an opponent's arm - Sumo term
  • to pole (a boat) 刺す
  • to pour; to add (liquid); to serve (drinks) 注す
  • to put on (lipstick, etc.); to apply; to colour; to dye
  • to light (a fire); to burn
  • to shut; to close; to lock; to fasten 鎖す【さす】

suffix / godan ~す verb:

  • to stop in the midst of; to leave undone - after the -masu stem of a verb 止す【さす】

ほお紅hoobeniya口紅kuchibeniwo差すsasuだけdakede表情hyoujouya笑顔egaogaどんどんdondon変わってkawatteくるkuruんですndesu Expressions and smiles change like that just from applying rouge and lipstick.

uwasawoすればsurebakagegaさすsasu Talk of the devil and he's sure to appear.

すわるsuwaruirr. Inflection

godan ~る verb / intransitive verb:

  • to sit; to squat
  • to assume (a position)
  • to hold steady; to hold still - esp. 据わる, 据る

このkonoためtame会談kaidannosekino配置haichideha米国beikokuto相対aitaiしてshite座るsuwaru場所bashowo求めたmotometa So they sought a place such that the conference seating would have them facing the Americans.

はじまるhajimaru Inflection

godan ~る verb / intransitive verb:

  • to begin; to start; to commence
  • to happen (again); to begin (anew)
  • to date (from); to originate (in)

授業jugyouhaji三十funからkara始まるhajimaruからkara Class doesn't begin until eight-thirty.

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© Based on JMdict, KANJIDIC2, and JMnedict, property of the Electronic Dictionary Research and Development Group, used in conformance with the Group's licence. Example sentences from the Tatoeba project (CC BY 2.0). Kanji stroke order data from the KanjiVG project by Ulrich Apel (CC BY-SA 3.0). See comprehensive list of data sources for more info.

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