• kilo-; 1000 - From French



  • kilo-; 1024; 2^10 - IT term


  • record (e.g. LP)
  • record (e.g. in sports) 記録
  • record (data structure) - IT term


  • surface Antonym:
  • face (i.e. the visible side of an object)
  • front (of a building, etc.); obverse side (i.e. "head") of a coin
  • outside; exterior
  • appearance
  • public
  • first half (of an inning); top (of an inning) - Baseball term Antonym: 裏【うら】
  • cover (for tatami mats, etc.)
  • foreground - IT term

このkonokamihaどちらdochiragahyoudaka見分けがつかないmiwakegatsukanai I cannot tell which is the right side of this paper.

watashihaそのsono問題mondaigaわかっていないwakatteinaiuratohyouno区別kubetsumoついていないtsuiteinai I don't understand the problem; I could make neither head nor tail of it.

一体ittainaniga今晩konbanhyoudeあんなannaひどいhidoi音をたてているotowotateteirunoka見当もつきませんkentoumotsukimasen I don't know what kind of creature is making such a terrible noise outside tonight.

内面naimenno欠点kettenha必ずkanarazuhyouni現れるarawareru An inner defect never fails to express itself outwardly.

おちるochiruirr. Inflection

ichidan verb / intransitive verb:

  • to fall down; to drop; to fall (e.g. rain); to sink (e.g. sun or moon); to fall onto (e.g. light or one's gaze); to be used in a certain place (e.g. money)
  • to be omitted; to be missing
  • to decrease; to sink
  • to fail (e.g. exam or class); to lose (contest, election, etc.)
  • to crash; to degenerate; to degrade; to fall behind
  • to become indecent (of a conversation)
  • to be ruined; to go under
  • to fade; to come out (e.g. a stain); to come off (e.g. makeup); to be removed (e.g. illness, possessing spirit, name on a list) 狐が落ちる【きつねがおちる】
  • to fall (into someone's hands); to become someone's possession
  • to fall (into a trap); to fall (for a trick)
  • to give in; to give up; to confess; to flee
  • to fall; to be defeated; to surrender
  • to come to (in the end); to end in
  • to fall (in love, asleep, etc.) 恋に落ちる【こいにおちる】眠りに落ちる【ねむりにおちる】
  • to swoon (judo)
  • to consent; to understand 腑に落ちない【ふにおちない】
  • to crash; to freeze - IT term
  • to die - of animals
  • to move to the depths - of fish when it gets cold

kareha試験shikenni落ちるochiruto思っていましたomotteimashita He expected to fail the exam.

ゴムGOMUwoするsuruto確かにtashikani性感seikanga落ちるochiruのでnode出来ればdekirebanamadeしたいshitaiですdesu The sensitivity certainly drops if I use a condom, so if possible I'd like to do it bareback.

tsukuenoueni寝かせてnekasete置くokuto転がってkorogatte落ちるochiruことがあるkotogaaruのでnode試験管立てshikenkandateni立ててtateteおくoku If you leave them lying on the desk they may roll off, so stand them in the test-tube rack.

おとすotosu Inflection

godan ~す verb / transitive:

  • to drop; to lose; to let fall; to shed (light); to cast (one's gaze); to pour in (liquid); to leave behind
  • to clean off (dirt, makeup, paint, etc.); to remove (e.g. stains or facial hair); to lose; to spend money at a certain place; to omit; to leave out; to secretly let escape
  • to lose (a match); to reject (an applicant); to fail (a course); to defeat (in an election)
  • to lower (e.g. shoulders or voice); to lessen (e.g. production or body weight); to worsen (quality); to reduce (e.g. rank or popularity); to speak badly of; to make light of; to fall into straitened circumstances
  • to fall into (e.g. a dilemma or sin); to make one's own; to have one's bid accepted; to force surrender; to take (e.g. an enemy camp or castle); to forcefully convince; to press for a confession; to deal with
  • to download; to copy from a computer to another medium - IT term
  • to make someone swoon (judo) - Martial Arts term
  • to finish a story (e.g. with the punch line)
  • to finish (a period, e.g. of fasting)

kurumano速度sokudowo落とすotosu装置souchiハンプHANPUya狭さくkyousakuについてnitsuite意見ikengaあったらattara書いてkaiteくださいkudasai If you have any opinions concerning traffic calming devices (humps, curb extensions, etc.) please write them.

しみshimiwoこすりkosuri落とすotosuことができなかったkotogadekinakatta I couldn't scrub the stain out.

日本語nihongonoソフトSOFUTOwo落とすotosuコツKOTSUいいiiサイトSAITOありませんarimasenka Are there any knacks, or good sites, for downloading Japanese software?

ソフトSOFUTO Inflection

adjectival noun / ~の noun:



noun / ~の noun:

  • personal computer - abbreviation - IT term


  • word processor - abbreviation - IT term
ひらくhiraku Inflection

godan ~く verb / intransitive verb / transitive:

  • to open; to undo; to unseal; to unpack
  • to bloom; to unfold; to spread out
  • to open (for business, e.g. in the morning)
  • to be wide (gap, etc.); to widen

godan ~く verb / transitive:

  • to hold (meeting, etc.); to give; to open
  • to found (nation, dynasty, sect, etc.); to open (a new business); to set up; to establish; to start
  • to open (ports, borders, etc.)
  • to open (an account)
  • to open up (new land, path, etc.); to clear; to develop 拓く
  • to open (a file, etc.) - IT term
  • to extract (root); to reduce (equation) - Mathematics term
  • to cut open (fish) - as 魚を開く - Food term
  • to change (kanji into hiragana)

godan ~く verb / intransitive verb:

  • to flare (e.g. skirt)
  • to slacken (into a poor posture) - as 体が開く, 肩が開く, etc. - Sports term

先週senshuu私達watashitachiha舞踏会butoukaiwo開きましたhirakimashita We gave a ball last week.

niwanoバラBARAnokinoつぼみtsubomiga少しずつsukoshizutsu開きhiraki始めるhajimeru Little by little, the buds on the rosebush in my garden begin to open.

私達watashitachihaそのsonomisega開くhirakuまでmadeしばらくshibaraku待つmatsuよりyori仕方がなかったshikataganakatta We had no choice but to wait for a while until the store opened.

はっこうhakkou Inflection

noun / ~する noun:

  • publication; issue (of journal, newspaper, etc.)
  • issue (of banknotes, bonds, passport, etc.)
  • raising an event (software) - IT term

このkono地方chihou新聞shinbunhashuuni1回発行hakkouされるsareru This local newspaper is published once a week.

新しいatarashii切手kittega来週raishuu発行hakkouされるsareru New stamps will be issued next month.

めいれいmeirei Inflection

noun / ~する noun:

  • order; command; decree; directive
  • (software) instruction; statement - IT term

ケンKENha自分jibunnoinuniそこでsokode待つmatsuようにyouni命令meireiしたshita Ken told his dog to wait there.



  • component; factor; item (e.g. in list)
  • element (e.g. in array); member (e.g. data structure) - IT term

教育kyouikuha重大なjuudaina要素yousoであるdearu Education is a critical element.

ひていhitei Inflection

noun / ~する noun / ~の noun:

  • denial; negation; repudiation; disavowal Antonym: 肯定


  • negation (logic)
  • NOT operation - IT term

そのsonoニュースNYUUSUga彼女kanojoni大きなookinaショックSHOKKUwo与えたataetakotoha否定hiteiしようshiyoumoないnai It is not to be denied but that the news was a great shock to her.

ほぞんhozon Inflection

noun / ~する noun:

  • preservation; conservation; storage; maintenance
  • saving (e.g. to disk) - IT term

私達watashitachiha田舎inakano美しutsukushisawo保存hozonするべきsurubekida We should preserve the beauties of the countryside.

外付けsotozukenoハードディスクHAADODEISUKUni保存hozonしてshiteおいてoite Save it on the external hard drive.

あたえるataeru Inflection

ichidan verb / transitive:

  • to give (esp. to someone of lower status); to bestow; to grant; to confer; to present; to award
  • to provide; to afford; to offer; to supply
  • to assign
  • to cause
  • to pass (a variable to a function) - IT term

サブロンSABURONhahadani潤いuruoiwo与えるataeruクリームKURIIMUですdesu Savlon is a moisturizing skin cream.

想像souzouryokuhawatashiたちtachino生活seikatsunoどのdono側面sokumennimo影響eikyouwo与えるataeru Imagination affects every aspect of our lives.

たちあがるtachiagaru Inflection

godan ~る verb / intransitive verb:

  • to stand up; to get up
  • to rise
  • to recover
  • to take action; to start
  • to make the initial charge - Sumo term
  • to start up; to boot up - IT term

kareha立ちあがるtachiagaruようにyouni言われiwareゆっくりとyukkuritoそうしたsoushita He was told to stand up, and he did so.

kareha怒ったokottaときtokini立ち上がるtachiagarukusegaあるaru He has the habit of standing up when he is angry.

自分jibunno信念shinnenwo守るmamoruためにtameniha立ちあがるtachiagarushiいかなるikanaru脅威kyouiにもnimo屈しないkusshinaiつもりtsumorida I'll stand up for what I believe in and won't yield to any threats.



  • case (e.g. receptacle, condition, event, legal action, letter style, etc.)
  • Computer-Aided Software Engineering; CASE - IT term
ドライブDORAIBU Inflection


  • drive; trip by car; driving

~する noun / intransitive verb:

  • to (go for a) drive; to go on a trip by car

~する noun / transitive:

  • to drive (e.g. a car)
  • to drive (innovation, change, etc.); to propel


  • drive - IT term
たたくtatakuold Inflection

godan ~く verb / transitive:

  • to strike; to clap; to knock; to beat; to tap; to pat
  • to play drums
  • to abuse; to flame (e.g. on the Internet); to insult
  • to consult; to sound out
  • to brag; to talk big
  • to call; to invoke (e.g. a function) - IT term

1人no醜いminikuiotokoga私のwatashinoienotowoたたいたtataita An ugly man knocked on my door.

彼女kanojohaドラムDORAMUたたくtatakuことができるkotogadekiru She can play the drum.

新聞shinbunha一斉にisseiniそのsono政治家seijikawoたたきtatakiはじめたhajimeta The newspapers opened fire on the politician.

ぬけるnukeru Inflection

ichidan verb / intransitive verb:

  • to come out; to fall out; to be omitted; to be missing; to escape; to come loose
  • to fade; to discolour
  • to wear a hole (e.g. clothes)
  • to leave (e.g. a meeting)
  • to be clear; to be transparent (e.g. of the sky)
  • to be stupid; to be absentminded; to be careless; to be inattentive - usu. as 抜けた or 抜けている
  • to exit (a program loop) - IT term

ichidan verb / transitive:

  • to go through; to pass through

人混みhitogomiwo抜けるnukeruまでmadewatashiniくっついていkuttsuiteiなさいnasai Stick with me until we get out of the crowd.

国境kokkyouno長いnagaiトンネルTONNERUwo抜けるnukeruto雪国yukigunideあっata The train came out of the long tunnel forming the border, and there was the snow country.



  • sentence
  • composition; text; writings
  • the literary arts (as opposed to the military arts); academia; literature
  • statement - IT term

bunhabuni勝るmasaru The pen is mightier than the sword.

私のwatashinonochiについてnitsuitekakubunwo復唱fukushoushiなさいnasai Repeat each sentence after me.



  • value-added network; VAN - IT term


  • circumference; outskirts; environs; around; in the area of; in the vicinity of
  • (computer) peripheral - IT term

北極圏hokkyokukenとはtoha北極hokkyoku周辺shuuhenno地域chiikinokotoであるdearu The Arctic is the area round the North Pole.

てんかいtenkai Inflection

noun / ~する noun:

  • development; evolution; progressing; unfolding; (plot) twist
  • expansion; spreading out; extending; deployment; building up
  • expansion - Mathematics term
  • extraction (e.g. files); decompression; unpacking - IT term

こんなkonna展開tenkaiwodarega予想yosouしたshitaかしらkashira Who'd have thought this is how the pieces fit?

フロイトFUROITOha親子oyakokanno愛憎aizou関係kankeiwoエディプス・コンプレックスEDEIPUSU/KONPUREKKUSUとしてtoshite展開tenkaiしましたshimashita Freud developed the love-hate relationship between parents and child as the Oedipus complex.

かいほうkaihou Inflection

noun / ~する noun:

  • release; unleashing; liberation; emancipation; setting free
  • deallocation (of computer memory) - IT term

人質hitojichiha解放kaihouされるsareruだろうdarou The hostages will be released.

© Based on JMdict, KANJIDIC2, and JMnedict, property of the Electronic Dictionary Research and Development Group, used in conformance with the Group's licence. Example sentences from the Tatoeba project (CC BY 2.0). Kanji stroke order data from the KanjiVG project by Ulrich Apel (CC BY-SA 3.0). See comprehensive list of data sources for more info.

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