あげるageru Inflection

ichidan verb / transitive:

  • to raise; to elevate 手を挙げる
  • to do up (one's hair) 髪を上げる
  • to fly (a kite, etc.); to launch (fireworks, etc.); to surface (a submarine, etc.)
  • to land (a boat)
  • to deep-fry 揚げる
  • to show someone (into a room)
  • to summon (for geishas, etc.) 揚げる - usually written using kana alone
  • to send someone (away)
  • to enrol (one's child in school); to enroll
  • to increase (price, quality, status, etc.); to develop (talent, skill); to improve
  • to make (a loud sound); to raise (one's voice) 声を上げる
  • to earn (something desirable)
  • to praise
  • to give (an example, etc.); to cite - usu. 挙げる
  • to summon up (all of one's energy, etc.) - usu. 挙げる
  • to arrest 挙げる
  • to nominate 挙げる
  • to give 上げる - polite language
  • to offer up (incense, a prayer, etc.) to the gods (or Buddha, etc.) 上げる
  • to bear (a child)
  • to conduct (a ceremony, esp. a wedding) - usu. 挙げる

ichidan verb / intransitive verb:

  • (of the tide) to come in

ichidan verb / intransitive verb / transitive:

  • to vomit

auxiliary verb / ichidan verb:

  • to do for (the sake of someone else) - after the -te form of a verb - usually written using kana alone - polite language
  • to complete ... - after the -masu stem of a verb 作り上げる
  • to humbly do ... - after the -masu stem of a humble verb to increase the level of humility - humble language 申し上げる

調節chousetsuレバーREBAAwoueni上げるageruto座面zamenno高さtakasawo調節chousetsuできますdekimasu You can adjust the seat height by moving the adjustment lever up.

たこtakowo上げるageruことkotoga危険なkikennaことkotomoあるaru Flying a kite can be dangerous.

彼らkareraha給料kyuuryouwo上げるageruようにyouni要求youkyuuしたshita They made a claim for higher pay.

彼女kanojoha小さなchiisana驚きodorokino悲鳴himeiwo上げるageruto浴室yokushitsuni逃げてnigete行ったitta She gave a small cry of alarm and fled to the bathroom.

零細reisai小売店kouritenなどnadohashin年度nendoにはniha利益riekiwo上げるageruでしょうdeshou Mom-and-pop stores will turn a profit in the new fiscal year.

fuyunoソナタSONATAworeini挙げるageruまでもなくmademonakuいまやimaya時ならぬtokinaranu韓流kanryuuブームBUUMUであるdearu You don't need to bring up "A Winter Sonata" to show that South Korean culture is having an unexpected boom in Japan.

watashihakareniペンPENwoあげるageruつもりtsumoriですdesu I'll give him a pen.

解き方tokikatawo教えてoshieteあげるageruyo I will show you how to solve it.



  • cat
  • shamisen
  • geisha
  • wheelbarrow - abbreviation 猫車
  • clay bed-warmer - abbreviation 猫火鉢
  • bottom; submissive partner of a homosexual relationship - usually written using kana alone - colloquialism Antonym: タチ

あなたanatanoサイトSAITOhanekoni興味kyouminoあるaru人達hitotachiにとってnitotte魅力的miryokutekiですdesu Your site appeals to people who are interested in cats.

nekohaテーブルTEEBURUnoueni座っsuwateいるiru The cat is sitting on top of the table.

nekoga好きsukiですdesu I like cats.

みるmiru Inflection

ichidan verb / transitive:

  • to see; to look; to watch; to view; to observe
  • to look over; to look on; to assess; to examine; to judge 診る
  • to look after; to keep an eye on; to take care of - usually written using kana alone 看る
  • to view (e.g. flowers, movie) - usu. 観る

auxiliary verb / ichidan verb:

  • to try; to try out; to test - usu. after a conative verb as 〜てみる - usually written using kana alone
  • to see that...; to find that... - usu. after an aconative verb as 〜てみると, 〜てみれば, 〜てみたら, etc. - usually written using kana alone

上司joushigaいくらikura立派なrippanaことkotowo言ってittemo部下bukaha見るmiruところtokorohaちゃんとchanto見ているmiteiru However fine the words of the management, those working for them see what is to be seen.

atamagaくらくらkurakuraしているshiteiruのでnode深くfukaku考えずkangaezuniいい加減なiikagennaことkotowo書いてkaiteみるmiru My head is swimming, so I'll try writing any-old stuff without any deep thought.

多くookunoアメリカ人AMERIKAjinhaテレビTEREBIde「アイ・ラブ・ルーシー」‘AI/RABU/RUUSHII’no再放送saihousouwo観るmirunoga好きsukida Many Americans love to watch reruns of the I Love Lucy show.

今日kyou朝一asa一deポートレートPOOTOREETOno予約yoyakuga入っているhaitteirundaga・・・どうdouda試しにtameshiniやってyatteみるmiruka First thing today there's an appointment for a portrait ... what do you say? Will you try doing it as a test?

あうau Inflection

godan ~う verb / intransitive verb:

  • to meet; to encounter; to see - 逢う is often used for close friends, etc. and may be associated with drama or pathos; 遭う may have an undesirable nuance
  • to have an accident; to have a bad experience - esp. 遭う when in kanji - usually written using kana alone

両親ryoushinhawatashigaまたmataトムTOMUto会うauことkotowo禁止kinshiしたshita My parents prohibited me from seeing Tom again.

猛吹雪moufubukini遭うauまでmadeha順調junchouni進んだsusunda We made good time until we ran into a blizzard.


temporal noun / adverbial noun:

  • beginning; start; outset; opening


  • first (in line, etc.) - esp. 初め
  • origin - esp. 始め
  • such as ...; not to mention ... - esp. 始め; as 〜を始め, 〜を始めとして, etc. - usually written using kana alone

二人とも二nintomoimaha舞い上がっているmaiagatteiruけどkedo会うauha別れwakareno始めhajimeってtteことkoto知っているshitteirunokane Those two are blindly enraptured with each other right now but they say first meeting someone is the first step toward goodbye. I wonder if they're aware of that.

始めhajimeよければyokereba終わりowariよしyoshi A good beginning makes a good ending.

このkono語学gogakuセンターSENTAAdeha英語eigowoはじめhajime世界sekai15か国kakokuno外国語gaikokugoga学べるmanaberu At this language centre, about 15 international languages are taught, including English.

ほしいhoshii Inflection


auxiliary adjective:

  • I want (you) to - after the -te form of a verb - usually written using kana alone

watashiha鉛筆enpitsuwoけずるkezuruナイフNAIFUgaほしいhoshii I want a knife to sharpen my pencil with.

このkono書類shoruiwoそれぞれsorezore2部ずつzutsuコピーKOPIIしてshiteほしいhoshiindaga I'd like two copies of each of these documents.


noun / ~の noun:

  • other (place, thing, person); the rest
  • outside; beyond - esp. 外 - usually written using kana alone

adverbial noun:

  • nothing except; nothing but; nothing apart from; nothing aside from; no choice (but to) - as 〜ほか〜ない, usu. after より or the dictionary form of a verb - usually written using kana alone ほかない
  • besides...; in addition to... - often as ほかに

ほかのhokanohitoha私のwatashinoやっているyatteiruことが出来ないkotogadekinaiだろうdarou I don't think anyone else could do my job.

ハゲタカHAGETAKAga突っつくtsuttsuku死んだshinda鹿shikaとかtoka他のtano動物doubutsuno食べ残しtabenokoshiとかtokaそういうsouiu腐ったkusattanikuwo死肉shinikuto書きましたkakimashita A dead deer being pecked by vultures, remains partly eaten by other animals, that sort of rotten meat is called 'carrion'.

おくoku Inflection

godan ~く verb / transitive:

  • to put; to place
  • to leave (behind)
  • to establish (an organization, a facility, a position, etc.); to set up
  • to appoint (someone to a certain position); to hire; to employ
  • to place (one's trust, one's faith, etc); to bear (in mind etc)
  • to put down a tool (e.g. a pen) hence stopping what one is doing with that tool
  • to take in (boarders, etc.); to provide lodging in one's house
  • to separate spatially or temporally

godan ~く verb / auxiliary verb:

  • to do something in advance - after the -te form of a verb - usually written using kana alone
  • to leave something in a certain state; to keep something in a certain state - after the -te form of a verb - usually written using kana alone

kusuriha子供kodomono手の届かないところtenotodokanaitokoroni置くokuべきbekida Medicine should be out of the way of children.

tsukuenoueni寝かせてnekasete置くokuto転がってkorogatte落ちるochiruことがあるkotogaaruのでnode試験管立てshikenkandateni立ててtateteおくoku If you leave them lying on the desk they may roll off, so stand them in the test-tube rack.

彼女kanojohaいつもitsumo自分jibunno部屋heyawoきれいkireiしてshiteおくoku She always keeps her room clean.



  • thing; object; article; stuff; substance
  • one's things; possessions; property; belongings - as 〜のもの, 〜のもん
  • things; something; anything; everything; nothing
  • quality
  • reason; the way of things
  • used to emphasize emotion, judgment, etc.; used to indicate a common occurrence in the past (after a verb in past tense); used to indicate a general tendency; used to indicate something that should happen - formal noun often used as 〜ものだ - usually written using kana alone

suffix noun:

  • item classified as ...; item related to ...; work of ...
  • cause of ...; cause for ...


遠まわしにtoomawashinimonowo言うiuna Don't beat around the bush.

ロバートROBAATOha週末shuumatsuhamisedeよくyokuchichiwo手伝ったtetsudattaものmonoだったdatta Robert used to help his father in the store on weekends.

あなたanatano妹さんimoutosanni会いaiたいtaiものmonoですdesu I'd like to see your sister.

ウィルソンUIRUSONno解法kaihouha同じonaji定数teisuuwo使用shiyouしたshitaというtoiutendeハドソンHADOSONnoものmonoto類似ruijiしているshiteiru Wilson's solution is similar to Hudson's in that they used the same constants.

bokuha子どものころkodomonokoroよくyokuこのkono浜辺hamabeni来たkitaものmonoですdesu I used to come to this beach when I was a boy.

いくikuゆくyukuold Inflection

godan -いく/-ゆく verb (spec.) / intransitive verb:

  • to go; to move (in a direction or towards a specific location); to head (towards); to be transported (towards); to reach 来る【くる】
  • to proceed; to take place - い sometimes omitted in auxiliary use 旨く行く
  • to pass through; to come and go
  • to walk
  • to die; to pass away 逝く
  • to do (in a specific way)
  • to stream; to flow

auxiliary verb:

  • to continue

godan -いく/-ゆく verb (spec.) / intransitive verb:

  • to have an orgasm; to come; to cum - usually written using kana alone
  • to trip; to get high; to have a drug-induced hallucination - usually written using kana alone - slang

歩いてaruite行くikuものmonomoいればireba自転車jitenshade行くikuものmonomoいたita Some went on foot, and others by bicycle.

これらのkorerano規則kisokuhaずっとzutto守られてmamorareteきたkitashiこれからkorekaramoいつもitsumo守られてmamorareteいくikuだろうdarou These rules have been and always will be observed.

行くikuyo I will go.



  • man; person
  • human being; mankind; people
  • human (Homo sapiens); humans as a species - usually written using kana alone
  • character; personality
  • man of talent; true man
  • another person; other people; others
  • adult

このkonohitoha画家gakada This fellow is an artist!

hitohatenからkara与えられるataerarerunoでなければdenakerebaなにもnanimoうけるukeruことkotohaできませんdekimasen A man can receive only what is given to him from heaven.

彼女kanojoha生まれつきumaretsukinokokorono優しいyasashiihitoda She is kindhearted by nature.



  • wife
  • my dear; dear; honey 妻・夫 - archaism
  • garnish (esp. one served with sashimi) - usually written using kana alone
  • embellishment - usually written using kana alone

watashihatsumawo見舞いmimaini病院byouinniいったitta I went to the hospital to see my wife.

エリザベスERIZABESUseiga身罷っmimakataためtametsumagaとめどなくtomedonaku涙を流しnamidawonagashiteいるiru My wife is crying a river of tears because Queen Elizabeth II has passed away.



  • island
  • territory (of a prostitute, organized crime gang, etc.); turf - usually written using kana alone

そのsonoouhashimawo治めたosameta The king reigned over the island.



  • neck
  • head
  • dismissal; discharge; firing (from a job) - also written as 馘 - usually written using kana alone

そのsonokubito頭部toubuhaとてもtotemoやわらかかったyawarakakatta Its neck and head were very soft.

うちのuchinoチームCHIIMUga君のkiminoところtokoronoチームCHIIMUni負けるmakeruようなyounaことkotoga万が一mangaichiにもnimoあればarebabokuhakubiwoやるyaru I'll eat my hat if, by some chance, my team loses to yours.

あなたanatanokubiha風前のともし火fuuzennotomoshihida Your job hangs by a thread.


noun / suffix noun:

  • playing
  • play (margin between on and off, gap before pressing button or lever has an effect) - usually written using kana alone

あなたanataha海外kaigaihe遊びasobide行きましたikimashitakaそれともsoretomo商売shoubaiでしたdeshitaka Did you go abroad for pleasure or on business?


noun / ~の noun:

  • inside; within
  • while - also 裡 - usually written using kana alone ないうちに
  • among; amongst; between - usually written using kana alone


  • we; our - in ref. to one's in-group, e.g. company, etc. - usually written using kana alone 家【うち】
  • my spouse


  • imperial palace grounds - archaism
  • emperor - archaism


  • I; me - primarily used by women and children - Kansai dialect

エイズEIZUgawatashiga生きているikiteiruうちuchini治るnaoruことkotowo願っているnegatteiruyo I have a dream that AIDS will be cured in my lifetime.

あのano少年shounenhamiseからkaramisewo歩いているaruiteiruうちuchini盗みnusumihekigaでてdeteしまったshimatta The young boy got sticky fingers when he walked into stores.

私のwatashino息子musuko二人noうちuchi一人ha教師kyoushideもう一人mou一ninha医者ishaですdesu One of my sons is a teacher, and the other is a doctor.

うちuchide働いてhataraitemiたいtaikanetoウッドUDDOさんsanga尋ねましたtazunemashita "Would you like to work for me, Tony?" asked Mr Wood.

うけるukeru Inflection

ichidan verb / transitive:

  • to receive; to get
  • to catch (e.g. a ball)
  • to be struck by (wind, waves, sunlight, etc.)
  • to sustain (damage); to incur (a loss); to suffer (an injury); to feel (influence)
  • to undergo (e.g. surgery); to take (a test); to accept (a challenge)
  • to be given (e.g. life, talent) - esp. 受ける, 享ける

ichidan verb / intransitive verb:

  • to find funny; to find humorous; to be amused (by) - esp. ウケる - colloquialism - usually written using kana alone

ichidan verb / transitive:

  • to follow; to succeed; to be descended from - esp. 受ける, 享ける
  • to face (south, etc.)
  • to be modified by - esp. 受ける, 承ける - Linguistics term
  • to obtain (a pawned item, etc.) by paying a fee - esp. 請ける, now primarily used in compound words 請け出す

ichidan verb / intransitive verb:

  • to be well-received; to become popular; to go down well - esp. ウケる, うける - usually written using kana alone

試練shirenwo受けるukeruことになったkotoninattaダレン。DAREN.失敗shippaiすればsureba死刑shikei Darren is to be put through a trial. If he fails, it's the death penalty!

それsorewo発明hatsumeiしたshita教授kyoujuha大学daigakuからkara相当soutouno対価taikawo受けるukeru権利kenrigaあるaru The professor who invented it has the right to reasonable remuneration from the university.

重大なjuudainatsuminiついてtsuiteha指導者shidoushani告白kokuhakushiなければnakereba赦しyurushiwo受けるukeruことkotogaできないdekinaitomo教えていますoshieteimasu They also teach that, for great sins, they cannot receive forgiveness unless they confess to their leader.

うつるutsuru Inflection

godan ~る verb / intransitive verb:

  • to move (house); to transfer (department)
  • to change the target of interest or concern
  • to elapse (passage of time)
  • to be permeated by a colour or scent
  • to be infected; to be contagious; to spread (as in fire) - usually written using kana alone

当座のtouzanoところtokorobokuha叔父ojinoieni泊めてtometeもらっているmoratteiruga将来shourai小さなchiisanaアパートAPAATOni移るutsuruつもりtsumorida I am staying with my uncle for the time being, but later I will move to a small apartment.

watashiha新居shinkyohe移るutsuruと共にtotomoniwatashino部屋heyahe引っ込んhikkonde自分jibunde炊事suijiできるdekiruだけdakeno道具douguーー土釜dogama土鍋donabe、七rinnoruiwoととのえtotonoeta When I moved into my new home, I just brought with me the things that I needed for cooking, an earthen rice cooker, an earthenware pot and an earthen charcoal brazier.

いっぱいippaiold Inflection

adjectival noun / adverb / noun / ~の noun:

  • amount necessary to fill a container (e.g. cupful, spoonful, etc.); drink (usu. alcoholic)
  • full
  • one squid, octopus, crab, etc.; one boat

adverb / ~の noun / adjectival noun:

  • fully; to capacity - usually written using kana alone
  • a lot; much - usually written using kana alone

suffix noun / adverbial noun:

  • all of ...; the entire ... - usually written using kana alone

karehaガールフレンドGAARUFURENDOwo無理やりmuriyariいっぱいippai付き合わせたtsukiawaseta He made his girlfriend go out for a drink with him.

老人roujinhaラバRABAnisunanoいっぱいippai入ったhaittafukurowoのせたnoseta The old man loaded his mule with bags full of sand.

手を貸してtewokashiteくれkureそうしたらsoushitarakimini一杯ippaiおごるogoruからkara Give me a hand. If you do, I'll buy you a drink later.

ハワイHAWAIにはnihaサーフSAAFUkyougaいっぱいippaiいるiru There are a lot of beach bums in Hawaii.

すぎるsugiru Inflection

ichidan verb / intransitive verb:

  • to pass through; to pass by; to go beyond
  • to pass (i.e. of time); to elapse
  • to have expired; to have ended; to be over
  • to exceed; to surpass; to be above
  • to be no more than ... - as 〜に過ぎない, etc.

ichidan verb / intransitive verb / suffix:

  • to be excessive; to be too much; to be too ... - often used after adjective stems or the -masu stems of verbs - usually written using kana alone

kareha彼女kanojoni気づくkizukuことなくkotonaku走りhashiriすぎたsugita He ran past without noticing her.

今日kyoumoまたmata寂しいsabishii一日ga過ぎるsugiru Another lonely day.

過ぎたsugitaことkotowo振り返ってfurikaettehaいけないikenai Don't look back on your past.

このkonoスープSUUPUhaしょっぱshoppaすぎてsugite飲めないnomenai This soup is too salty to eat.

kareha忙しisogashiすぎるsugirundayo He's too busy.



  • cotton (material)
  • red silk-cotton tree (Bombax ceiba) きわた - usually written using kana alone パンヤの木

このkonoブラウスBURAUSUha木綿momenseiですdesu This blouse is cotton.

かいぜんkaizen Inflection

noun / ~する noun / ~の noun:

  • betterment; improvement
  • kaizen (Japanese business philosophy of continuous improvement) - often written カイゼン - usually written using kana alone

2国間の2kokukanno貿易上のbouekijounoアンバランスANBARANSUwo改善kaizenshiなければならないnakerebanaranai The trade imbalance between two nations should be improved.



  • hill; height; knoll; rising ground 丘・岡・壟
  • bonus points awarded to the winner at the end of a game 丘・陸符 - usually written using kana alone - Mahjong term

遠くからtookukara見ればmirebaそのsonookahazounoようだyouda Seen from a distance, the hill looks like an elephant.



  • mark; sign - esp. 印, 標
  • symbol; emblem - also written as 徴
  • badge; crest; flag - esp. 印, 標
  • evidence; proof - esp. 証, 証し
  • token (of gratitude, affection, etc.) - esp. 証, 証し - usually written using kana alone

発音hatsuonできないdekinaikatarinishirushiwoつけtsukeなさいnasai Mark the words which you cannot pronounce.

karehaそのsonoページPEEJInishirushiwoつけたtsuketa He put a mark on the page.

進んでsusunde責任を取るsekininwotorutoいうiuことkotoha成熟seijukunoshirushiであるdearu Willingness to take responsibility is a sign of maturity.

つりtsuri Inflection


  • fishing; angling
  • change (e.g. for a purchase) - usually written using kana alone - abbreviation 釣り銭

noun / ~する noun:

  • trolling; writing false posts online - slang

あなたanataha釣りtsurini行きikiたがっているtagatteiru You are dying to go fishing.

つりtsuriha要らんiranyo Keep the change!

© Based on JMdict, KANJIDIC2, and JMnedict, property of the Electronic Dictionary Research and Development Group, used in conformance with the Group's licence. Example sentences from the Tatoeba project (CC BY 2.0). Kanji stroke order data from the KanjiVG project by Ulrich Apel (CC BY-SA 3.0). See comprehensive list of data sources for more info.

Search other dictionaries for #kana:
Yahoo!辞書 / goo辞書 / alc.co.jp / Weblio / Wiktionary