みずmizumi

noun:

  • water (esp. cool, fresh water, e.g. drinking water) - み is generally used in compounds 湯【ゆ】
  • fluid (esp. in an animal tissue); liquid
  • flood; floodwaters
  • water offered to wrestlers just prior to a bout みず - Sumo term 力水
  • break granted to wrestlers engaged in a prolonged bout みず - Sumo term 水入り

watashihatsukimizukinto一日おきにokini仕事shigotowoしますshimasu I work every other day: Monday, Wednesday, and Friday.

mizuwo加えてkuwaeteペースト状PEESUTOjouになるninaruまでmadeかき回しkakimawashiなさいnasai Add water and stir to a paste.

へやheya

noun:

  • room; chamber
  • apartment; flat; pad
  • stable - abbreviation - Sumo term 相撲部屋

マユコMAYUKOha部屋heyani入ったhaitta Mayuko entered the room.

私のwatashino部屋heyahakainiありますarimasu My flat is on the third floor.

よっつyottsuよつyotsu

numeric:

  • four

noun:

  • four years of age
  • ten o'clock (old time system)
  • cross grips - Sumo term 四つ身

午前中gozenchuuni四つyottsu授業jugyougaありますarimasu We have four classes in the morning.

このkonokuniha季節kisetsuga4つyottsuありますarimasu This country has four seasons.

さすsasu Inflection

godan ~す verb / intransitive verb:

  • to shine 射す
  • to be visible
  • to be tinged with
  • to rise (of water levels); to flow in
  • to be felt (i.e. as an emotion); to come over one 気が差す魔が差す

godan ~す verb / transitive:

  • to hold up (an umbrella, etc.); to put up; to raise
  • to extend one's arm straight ahead (in dance) 指す
  • to insert; to put in 挿す
  • to wear (a sword) in one's belt; to wear at one's side; to carry under one's arm 挿す
  • to insert one's arm under an opponent's arm - Sumo term
  • to pole (a boat) 刺す
  • to pour; to add (liquid); to serve (drinks) 注す
  • to put on (lipstick, etc.); to apply; to colour; to dye
  • to light (a fire); to burn
  • to shut; to close; to lock; to fasten 鎖す【さす】

suffix / godan ~す verb:

  • to stop in the midst of; to leave undone - after the -masu stem of a verb 止す【さす】

ほお紅hoobeniya口紅kuchibeniwo差すsasuだけdakede表情hyoujouya笑顔egaogaどんどんdondon変わってkawatteくるkuruんですndesu Expressions and smiles change like that just from applying rouge and lipstick.

uwasawoすればsurebakagegaさすsasu Talk of the devil and he's sure to appear.

ばしょbasho

noun:

  • place; location; spot; position
  • room; space
  • basho; wrestling tournament - Sumo term

このkonoソファーSOFUAAha場所bashowo取りtoriすぎるsugiru This sofa takes too much room.

ほしhoshi

noun:

  • star; any light-emitting (or reflecting) heavenly body (except for the sun and the moon)
  • offender; perpetrator - police slang - slang
  • star point (in go); hoshi; intersection marked with a dot
  • circular symbol (said to be shaped like a shining star)
  • bullseye
  • one's star (out of the nine stars); the star that determines one's fate 九星
  • small dot; spot
  • point; score - Sumo term

そのsonohoshiha必ずしもkanarazushimo肉眼nikugande見えるmieruわけではないwakedehanai We cannot necessarily see the star with the naked eye.

soranihahoshiga見えmieなかっnakata I couldn't see any stars in the sky.

米国beikokuno国旗kokkini50nohoshigaありariますmasu There are fifty stars on the American flag.

よるyoru Inflection

godan ~る verb / intransitive verb:

  • to approach; to draw near; to come near; to be close to
  • to gather (in one place); to come together; to meet
  • to stop by (while on one's way to another place); to drop by; to make a short visit
  • to grow old; to grow high (number, etc.) 年が寄る
  • to grow (wrinkly) - in the form of しわが寄る
  • to lean against; to recline on - also written as 倚る, 凭る
  • to push one's opponent while holding their belt - Sumo term
  • to decide on a price and come to a deal
  • to be swayed by (a person); to yield to - archaism

明日ashitanoasajini誘いsasoini寄るyoruyo I'll call for you at 7 tomorrow morning.

kareha寄るyoru年波toshinamide弱ったyowatta He sank under the weight of age.

karegaよるyorutoumagakarewo蹴りkeriかかったkakatta The horse kicked at him when he approached it.

きめるkimeru Inflection

ichidan verb / transitive:

  • to decide; to choose; to determine; to make up one's mind; to resolve; to set one's heart on; to settle; to arrange; to set; to appoint; to fix
  • to clinch (a victory); to decide (the outcome of a match)
  • to persist in doing; to go through with
  • to always do; to have made a habit of - as 決めている
  • to take for granted; to assume
  • to dress up; to dress to kill; to dress to the nines
  • to carry out successfully (a move in sports, a pose in dance, etc.); to succeed in doing
  • to immobilize with a double-arm lock (in sumo, judo, etc.) - Martial Arts, Sumo term
  • to eat or drink something; to take illegal drugs

私たちwatashitachigaそこsokohe行くikuかどうかkadoukawo決めるkimerunoha君のkimino責任sekininda It's up to you to decide whether we'll go there or not.

屋根yaneno勾配koubaiwoどうするかdousuruka決めるkimerunohaとてもtotemo重要juuyouですdesu It is very important to decide what to do about the slope of the roof.

どんなdonna組織soshikiであれdeare内部のnaibuno融和yuuwato団結danketsuhaそのsono組織soshikino成敗seibaiwo決めるkimeru重要なjuuyouna要素yousoda For any type of organisation, internal harmony and unity are important factors in deciding its success or failure.

はずhazu

noun:

  • expectation that something took place, will take place or was in some state; it should be so; bound to be; expected to be; must be
  • nock (of a bow)
  • nock (of an arrow)
  • nock-shaped grip (between thumb and forefinger) - Sumo term はず押し【はずおし】
  • wooden frame on the tip of the mast of a Japanese ship that prevents the hawser from falling out

そのsono飛行機hikoukiha今ごろimagoroha関西kansai空港kuukouni当然touzen着いているtsuiteiruはずhazuda The plane should have arrived at Kansai Airport by now.

hanashiwo聞いたkiitanodaからkara興味kyoumigaあるaruhazuda He listened to my pitch, so he must be interested.

へんかhenka Inflection

noun / ~する noun:

  • change; variation; alteration; mutation; transition; transformation; transfiguration; metamorphosis
  • variety; diversity
  • inflection; declension; conjugation
  • sidestepping - Sumo term

このようなkonoyouna接しsesshikatano変化henkaha他のtano変化henkamoそうsouであるdearuga他のtanokuniにおいてnioitemo起こっているokotteiru Like other changes, this change in attitude has occurred in other countries, too.

この辺konoatarino山々yamayamaha変化henkani富んでいるtondeiru The mountains in this part of the country are full of variety.

このkono動詞doushino変化henkawo言えますiemasuka Can you conjugate this verb?

としよりtoshiyori

noun / ~の noun:

  • old person; elderly person; senior citizen

noun:

  • trustee of the Japan Sumo Association; retired high-ranking wrestler who is licensed to coach and receives retirement pay - Sumo term
  • senior statesman (of the Tokugawa shogunate)
  • important local official (under the Tokugawa Shogunate)

目が見えないmegamienai看護婦kangofuha年寄りtoshiyorino世話をするsewawosuruことkotoni一身isshinwo捧げたsasageta The blind nurse devoted herself to caring for the elderly.

o年寄りtoshiyoriにはniha生きがいikigaiga必要hitsuyouda Old people need something to live for.

たちあがるtachiagaru Inflection

godan ~る verb / intransitive verb:

  • to stand up; to get up
  • to rise
  • to recover
  • to take action; to start
  • to make the initial charge - Sumo term
  • to start up; to boot up - IT term

kareha立ちあがるtachiagaruようにyouni言われiwareゆっくりとyukkuritoそうしたsoushita He was told to stand up, and he did so.

kareha怒ったokottaときtokini立ち上がるtachiagarukusegaあるaru He has the habit of standing up when he is angry.

自分jibunno信念shinnenwo守るmamoruためにtameniha立ちあがるtachiagarushiいかなるikanaru脅威kyouiにもnimo屈しないkusshinaiつもりtsumorida I'll stand up for what I believe in and won't yield to any threats.

ばんban

noun:

  • number (in a series)
  • (one's) turn
  • watch; guard; lookout
  • bout; match - Sumo term

私のwatashino自宅jitakuno電話denwa番号bangouha市外shigai局番kyokubanga201de123ー4567banですdesu My home phone number is, area code two-oh-one, one-two-three, four-five-six-seven.

jiからkaraずっとzutto待っているmatteiruのだnodagabokunobangaまだmada来ないkonai I've been waiting since six o'clock and still my turn hasn't come.

すもうsumouすまいsumaiobs.

noun:

  • sumo wrestling - Sumo term
  • wrestler; rikishi - abbreviation - Sumo term 相撲取り

ここkokodehawatashiha議論gironwoなぜnaze相撲sumouno好きなsukina外国人gaikokujinga多いooikani限定genteiしたいshitai Here, I'll confine this discussion to why many foreigners enjoy sumo.

つなtsuna

noun:

  • rope
  • grand champion's braided belt - Sumo term

tsunaha張りhariすぎてsugite切れたkireta The rope broke under the strain.

しぼるshiboru Inflection

godan ~る verb / transitive:

  • to wring (towel, rag); to squeeze - esp. 絞る
  • to squeeze (fruit to extract juice); to press; to extract; to milk; to express milk - esp. 搾る
  • to rack (one's brains); to strain (one's voice)
  • to extort; to exploit
  • to chew out; to reprimand severely; to rake over the coals; to give a sound scolding; to tell someone off; to scold; to rebuke - often passive voice 油を絞る
  • to drill into; to train
  • to narrow down (one's focus); to whittle down
  • to gather up (curtain, etc.); to tighten (drawstring)
  • to stop down (lens)
  • to turn down (e.g. radio)
  • to bend (bow); to draw
  • to hold down; to constrict; to immobilize - Sumo term

ああaaushinochichihaそんなふうにsonnafuuni搾るshiboruのですnodesuka Oh, is that the way you milk a cow?

watashihaポンドPONDO絞るshiboru必要hitsuyougaあるaru I need to lose five pounds.

nani世紀seikinimo読み書きyomikakini焦点shoutenwo絞るshiboru語学gogaku教育kyouikudeあるaru For centuries, foreign language teaching focused on reading and writing.

まいすうmaisuu

noun:

  • the number of flat things
  • win-loss difference which influences the ranking of wrestlers - Sumo term
ふみきりfumikiri

noun:

  • railway crossing; railroad crossing; train crossing; level crossing
  • starting line; scratch
  • determination
  • stepping over the edge of the ring - Sumo term

警報機keihoukiga鳴っているnatteiruときtokiha絶対にzettaini踏み切りfumikiriwo渡らないでwataranaideくださいkudasai Don't cross the tracks when the alarm is ringing.

てっぽうteppou

noun:

  • gun
  • wooden pole that wrestlers strike in practice - Sumo term
  • fugu - colloquialism 河豚

yaでもdemo鉄砲teppouでもdemo持ってこいmottekoi Let them all come.

つるtsuru Inflection

godan ~る verb / transitive:

  • to hang; to suspend; to sling; to wear (e.g. a sword); to put up (e.g. a shelf)
  • to hang oneself - in the form 首を吊る 首を吊る
  • to hoist an opponent off of his feet by his loincloth - Sumo term

godan ~る verb / intransitive verb:

  • to turn upwards (as if being pulled); to be slanted (of eyes) - usually written using kana alone
  • to pucker (e.g. of a seam); to be pulled tight - usually written using kana alone
こうえんkouen Inflection

noun / ~する noun:

  • public performance
  • exhibition in a foreign country - Sumo term

ロイヤルROIYARUシアターSHIATAAnoyorunobuno公演kouenga終わりowari観客kankyakuたちtachiha帰ってkaette行ったitta The evening performance at the Royal Theater had ended, and the audience had gone home.

よこづなyokozuna

noun:

  • yokozuna (highest rank in sumo); grand champion - Sumo term
  • best in its field; crème de la crème; cream of the crop
どひょうdohyou

noun:

  • (wrestling) ring - Sumo term
  • forum (e.g. for discussion)
  • sandbag; gabion
たまりtamariirr.

noun:

  • pile; pool; collection 溜まる
  • gathering spot たまり場
  • waiting place for a wrestler beside the ring - Sumo term
  • liquid runoff from miso preparation
  • tamari; variety of rich soy sauce (used for sashimi, etc.) - abbreviation 溜まり醤油
うわてuwateかみてkamite Inflection

adjectival noun / noun:

  • upper part

noun:

  • upper stream; upper course of a river かみて
  • right side of the stage (audience's or camera's POV); stage left (actor's POV) かみて

adjectival noun / noun:

  • skillful (only in comparisons); dexterity (only in comparisons) うわて

noun:

  • over-arm grip on opponent's belt うわて - Sumo term

妙子taekoha上手jouzuからkara登場toujouしてshite Taeko, come on from stage left.

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© Based on JMdict, KANJIDIC2, and JMnedict, property of the Electronic Dictionary Research and Development Group, used in conformance with the Group's licence. Example sentences from the Tatoeba project (CC BY 2.0). Kanji stroke order data from the KanjiVG project by Ulrich Apel (CC BY-SA 3.0). See comprehensive list of data sources for more info.

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