いうiuゆうyuu Inflection

godan ~う verb:

  • to say; to utter; to declare
  • to name; to call
  • to go (e.g. "the alarm went ping"); to make a noise 言う

もちろんmochiron冗談joudanto思ってomottekarehaあっそassoto流していましたnagashiteimashitaけどkedoかなりkanariiyaだったdattaそうsouですdesu。(ってゆうかtteyuuka冗談joudanでもdemoそんなsonnaことkoto言うiuna!) Of course he thought it was a joke and let it slide with a "hm?" but he was seriously annoyed. I mean, just don't say things like that even as a joke!

それでいてsoredeite自分jibunha船乗りfunanoridatoいうiu And he calls himself a sailor.

あげるageru Inflection

ichidan verb / transitive:

  • to raise; to elevate 手を挙げる
  • to do up (one's hair) 髪を上げる
  • to fly (a kite, etc.); to launch (fireworks, etc.); to surface (a submarine, etc.)
  • to land (a boat)
  • to deep-fry 揚げる
  • to show someone (into a room)
  • to summon (for geishas, etc.) 揚げる - usually written using kana alone
  • to send someone (away)
  • to enrol (one's child in school); to enroll
  • to increase (price, quality, status, etc.); to develop (talent, skill); to improve
  • to make (a loud sound); to raise (one's voice) 声を上げる
  • to earn (something desirable)
  • to praise
  • to give (an example, etc.); to cite - usu. 挙げる
  • to summon up (all of one's energy, etc.) - usu. 挙げる
  • to arrest 挙げる
  • to nominate 挙げる
  • to give 上げる - polite language
  • to offer up (incense, a prayer, etc.) to the gods (or Buddha, etc.) 上げる
  • to bear (a child)
  • to conduct (a ceremony, esp. a wedding) - usu. 挙げる

ichidan verb / intransitive verb:

  • (of the tide) to come in

ichidan verb / intransitive verb / transitive:

  • to vomit

auxiliary verb / ichidan verb:

  • to do for (the sake of someone else) - after the -te form of a verb - usually written using kana alone - polite language
  • to complete ... - after the -masu stem of a verb 作り上げる
  • to humbly do ... - after the -masu stem of a humble verb to increase the level of humility - humble language 申し上げる

調節chousetsuレバーREBAAwoueni上げるageruto座面zamenno高さtakasawo調節chousetsuできますdekimasu You can adjust the seat height by moving the adjustment lever up.

たこtakowo上げるageruことkotoga危険なkikennaことkotomoあるaru Flying a kite can be dangerous.

彼らkareraha給料kyuuryouwo上げるageruようにyouni要求youkyuuしたshita They made a claim for higher pay.

彼女kanojoha小さなchiisana驚きodorokino悲鳴himeiwo上げるageruto浴室yokushitsuni逃げてnigete行ったitta She gave a small cry of alarm and fled to the bathroom.

零細reisai小売店kouritenなどnadohashin年度nendoにはniha利益riekiwo上げるageruでしょうdeshou Mom-and-pop stores will turn a profit in the new fiscal year.

fuyunoソナタSONATAworeini挙げるageruまでもなくmademonakuいまやimaya時ならぬtokinaranu韓流kanryuuブームBUUMUであるdearu You don't need to bring up "A Winter Sonata" to show that South Korean culture is having an unexpected boom in Japan.

watashihakareniペンPENwoあげるageruつもりtsumoriですdesu I'll give him a pen.

解き方tokikatawo教えてoshieteあげるageruyo I will show you how to solve it.

よぶyobuirr. Inflection

godan ~ぶ verb / transitive:

  • to call out (to); to call; to invoke
  • to summon (a doctor, etc.)
  • to invite
  • to designate; to name; to brand
  • to garner (support, etc.); to gather
  • to take as one's wife - archaism 娶る

あなたanatawoケパKEPAto呼ぶyobuことにしますkotonishimasu You will be called Cephas.

結婚式kekkonshikidehaあまりにamariniたくさんtakusannoごちそうgochisouga出さdasaretaのでnode新郎shinrou新婦shinpuhaもっとmotto多くookunohitowo呼ぶyobuべきbekiだっdatakanato思いomoi始めhajimeta Food and drink were served in such profusion at the wedding that the bride and groom began to wonder if they should not have invited more guests.

ひんぱんにhinpanni吐血toketsuするsuru場合baaiha救急車kyuukyuushawo呼ぶyobuka近くchikakuno内科医naikaini往診oushinしてshiteもらうmorau If you frequently spit-up blood you should call an ambulance or have a nearby physician make a house call.

使つかうtsukau Inflection

godan ~う verb / transitive:

  • to use (a thing, method, etc.); to make use of; to put to use
  • to use (a person, animal, puppet, etc.); to employ; to handle; to manage; to manipulate 人使い
  • to use (time, money, etc.); to spend; to consume
  • to use (language); to speak 言葉遣い

アジア諸国AJIAshokokuなどnadoからkara出稼ぎdekaseginiきたkita外国人gaikokujinwoメイドMEIDOとしてtoshite使うtsukaunoga常識joushikinoようになっているyouninatteiru It has become common practise to employ foreigners working abroad from Asian countries as maids.

あぁaaいらいらirairaするsuru・・・今やimayaパソコンPASOKONwo使うtsukauたびtabini頭痛zutsuugaするsuruyo So annoying... Now I get a headache whenever I use the computer!

しるshiru Inflection

godan ~る verb / transitive:

  • to be aware of; to know; to be conscious of; to cognize; to cognise
  • to notice; to feel
  • to understand; to comprehend; to grasp
  • to remember; to be acquainted with (a procedure)
  • to experience; to go through; to learn
  • to be acquainted with (a person); to get to know
  • to concern

英雄eiyuuha英雄eiyuuwo知るshiru Like knows like.

そのsono答えkotaewo知るshiruのにnoniあなたanataha本当にhontouniそのsono質問shitsumonwoするsuru必要hitsuyougaあるarunoかしらkashira Do you really need to ask the question to know the answer?

予知能力yochinouryokutoha霊力reiryokuwo使ってtsukatte未来miraini起こるokoruことがらkotogaraについてnitsuite知るshiruことkoto Precognition is the act of using spiritual-power to know things that will occur in the future.

あるaru Inflection

godan ~る verb (irregular) / intransitive verb:

  • to be; to exist; to live - usu. of inanimate objects 居る【いる】
  • to have
  • to be located
  • to be equipped with
  • to happen; to come about

失礼shitsureidaga上記のjoukino記事kijiniあるaru3つmittsuno誤りayamariwo指摘shitekiしてshiteおきokiたいtai Excuse me. I'd like to point out three errors in the above article.

悪いwaruiけどkedoほかにhokani用事youjigaあるaruno I'm sorry, I have another engagement.

だすdasu Inflection

godan ~す verb / transitive:

  • to take out; to get out
  • to put out; to reveal; to show
  • to submit (e.g. thesis); to turn in
  • to publish; to make public
  • to send (e.g. letter) 手紙を出す
  • to produce (a sound); to start (fire) 声を出す
  • to serve (food)

suffix / godan ~す verb:

  • to begin ...; to start to ...; to burst into ... - after the -masu stem of a verb

飢えているueteiru人々hitobitoni援助enjonoお金okanewo出すdasuhitogaとてもtotemo少ないsukunainoha悲しいkanashiiことkotoda It is sad that so few people give money to help the hungry.

答案touanwo出すdasumaeniもう一度mouichido読み返しyomikaeshiなさいnasai Read over your paper before you hand it in.

旅行ryokouchuuni葉書hagakiwo出すdasunoha好きsukiではないdehanai I don't like to send postcards when I'm on a trip.

誰でもdaredemo初めhajimeni良いyoiぶどう酒budoushuwo出しdashi人々hitobitoga十分juubun飲んだnondaころkoroになるとninaruto悪いwaruiものmonowo出すdasumonoda Everyone brings out the choice wine first and then the cheaper wine after the guests have had too much.

つくるtsukuru Inflection

godan ~る verb / transitive:

  • to make; to produce; to manufacture; to build; to construct - 造る usu. for large-scale building, manufacturing, etc.; 創る usu. for creating
  • to prepare (food); to brew (alcohol)
  • to raise; to grow; to cultivate; to train 野菜を作る
  • to till
  • to draw up (a document); to make out; to prepare; to write
  • to create (an artistic work, etc.); to compose
  • to coin (a phrase); to organize; to organise; to establish; to found
  • to have (a child)
  • to make up (one's face, etc.)
  • to fabricate (an excuse, etc.)
  • to give a (false) appearance; to feign (a smile, etc.); to put on a show of emotion
  • to form (a line, etc.)
  • to set (a record)
  • to commit (a sin, etc.)

どこdokohe行ってittemokareha必ずkanarazu友達tomodachiwo作るtsukuru Wherever he may go, he is sure to make friends.

今日kyounoお弁当obentoumodaけどkedo五木itsukiさんsanto田中tanakaさんsanno作るtsukuruメニューMENYUUha緑黄色野菜ryokuoushokuyasaiga少ないsukunainじゃないjanai About today's packed-lunch, the menus prepared by Itsuki and Tanaka are low in beta-carotene-rich vegetables again aren't they?

庶民shominnoなりわいnariwaihakomewoつくるtsukuruことkotoだったdatta The ordinary people had their livelihood in farming rice.

文法的にbunpoutekini正しいtadashii文章bunshouwo作るtsukuruようyou心がけるkokorogakeruべきbekida You should try to produce grammatical sentences.

ではdehaCGwo作るtsukuru場合baaihaどのようにdonoyouni光源kougenwo使用shiyouすればsurebaよいyoinoであろうdearouka Then, when you're making CG, how should you use light sources?

輸入制限yunyuuseigenha両国間ryoukokukanによりniyori親密なshinmitsuna関係kankeiwo作るtsukuru支障shishouになるninaru Import restrictions are barriers to closer relations between the two countries.

例外reigaiha作るtsukuruべきではないbekidehanaito思いますomoimasu I don't think an exception should be made.

つとめるtsutomeru Inflection

ichidan verb / transitive:

  • to work (for); to be employed (at); to serve (in) - usu. 勤める
  • to serve (as); to act (as); to fill (the position of); to play the role (of) - usu. 務める
  • to conduct a religious service - usu. 勤める

パーティーPAATEIIdehadaregaホストHOSUTOwo勤めるtsutomeruのですnodesuka Who will host the party?

karehaジョンJONniかわりkawariwo務めるtsutomeruようにyouni命じたmeijita He appointed John to act as his deputy.

とるtoru Inflection

godan ~る verb / transitive:

  • to take; to pick up; to harvest; to earn; to win; to choose
  • to steal 盗る
  • to eat; to have (a meal) 摂る
  • to remove (one's glasses, etc.) - also written as 脱る
  • to compete (in sumo, cards, etc.); to play

watashihaよいyoisekiwoとるtoruことができたkotogadekita I got a good seat.

彼女kanojohaiede昼食chuushokuwoとるtoru She has lunch at home.

おすosu Inflection

godan ~す verb / transitive:

  • to push; to press 押す
  • to apply pressure from above; to press down 押す・圧す
  • to stamp (i.e. a passport); to apply a seal 押す・捺す 判を押す
  • to affix (e.g. gold leaf) 押す
  • to press (someone for something); to urge; to compel; to influence 押す
  • to overwhelm; to overpower; to repress 押す・圧す
  • to push (events along); to advance (a plan) 押す
  • to do in spite of ...; to do even though ...; to force 押す
  • to make sure 押す 念を押す【ねんをおす】駄目を押す【だめをおす】
  • to be pressed for time 押す
  • to advance troops; to attack 押す
  • (of light) to be diffused across an entire surface 押す

ボタンBOTANwo押すosuだけdakede出窓demadohaあくaku You have only to push the button to open the bay window.

シャッターSHATTAAwo押すosuだけdakede最新のsaishinnoテクノロジーTEKUNOROJIIgaキレイなKIREIna一枚ni仕上げますshiagemasu Just press the button and a clear photo will be produced by the latest technology.

クリックKURIKKUマウスMAUSUno左側hidarigawanoボタンBOTANwo素早くsubayaku一回プチッとPUCHItto押すosukotoですdesu Click: Quickly pushing the mouse's left hand side button once.

もつmotsu Inflection

godan ~つ verb:

  • to hold (in one's hand); to take; to carry
  • to possess; to have; to own
  • to maintain; to keep
  • to last; to be durable; to keep; to survive
  • to take charge of; to be in charge of

nekoha飼い主kainushiga持つmotsu感情的なkanjoutekinakuseto同じようなonajiyounakusewo示すshimesu Cats show emotional habits parallel to those of their owners.

watashino生きikiteいるiruうちuchini共産kyousan主義shugiga効力kouryokuwo持つmotsuことkotoha無いnaiだろdarou Communism will never be reached in my lifetime.

うるuru Inflection

godan ~る verb / transitive:

  • to sell

韓流kanryuuドラマDORAMAブームBUUMUni便乗binjouしてshite韓国kankokuno製品seihinwo売るuru業者gyoushaga増えたfueta Taking advantage of the popular boom in Korean drama, workers selling Korean goods have increased.

たのむtanomu Inflection

godan ~む verb / transitive:

  • to request; to beg; to ask
  • to call; to order; to reserve
  • to entrust to
  • to rely on - esp. 恃む

明日ashita電話denwadeトムTOMUni連絡renrakuしてshite手伝ってtetsudatteくれるkureruようにyouni頼むtanomuつもりtsumorida I'm going to call Tom tomorrow and ask him to help.

田中tanakaさんsannoことkotowo頼むtanomuyo Take care of Mr. Tanaka for me!

あびるabiru Inflection

ichidan verb / transitive:

  • to dash over oneself (e.g. water); to take (e.g. shower); to bask in (e.g. the sun); to bathe in; to be flooded with (e.g. light); to be covered in
  • to suffer (e.g. an attack); to draw (e.g. criticism, attention, praise); to have heaped upon; to be showered with

疲れたtsukaretaときtokihaひとhito風呂furo浴びるabirunogaいちばんichibanda When you feel tired, there is nothing like having a bath.

はしるhashiru Inflection

godan ~る verb / intransitive verb:

  • to run
  • to travel (movement of vehicles); to drive; to flow (e.g. energy)
  • to hurry to
  • to retreat (from battle); to take flight
  • to run away from home - esp. 奔る
  • to elope
  • to tend heavily toward - esp. 趨る
  • to flash; to streak; to shoot through (e.g. pain)

またmataいつかitsukafuuのようにnoyouni走るhashiruんだnda Someday I'll run like the wind.

ひかりhikarigouha東京toukyouto新大阪shin'oosakanomawo時間jikan10funde走るhashiru The Hikari runs between Tokyo and Shin-Osaka in three hours and ten minutes.

編集者henshuushahaささいなsasaina事実jijitsuwo読者dokushani提供teikyouするsuruのにnoni極端kyokutanni走るhashiruことkotogaよくあるyokuaru Editors often go to extremes in providing their readers with unimportant facts.

かうkau Inflection

godan ~う verb / transitive:

  • to buy; to purchase - in western Japan, 買う conjugates euphonically as こうた, こうて, etc.
  • to value; to have a high opinion
  • to stir; to provoke; to draw upon oneself

学食gakushokuni飽きたakitaときtokiha、ベルファ,BERUFUAde買うkaumoよしyoshiファミレスFUAMIRESUde食べるtaberumoよしyoshi When you're fed up with the school cafe you can buy something at Bellfa or eat at a family restaurant.

おりるoriru Inflection

ichidan verb / intransitive verb:

  • to descend (e.g. a mountain); to go down; to come down - esp. 下りる
  • to alight (e.g. from bus); to get off; to disembark; to dismount - esp. 降りる
  • to step down; to retire; to give up; to quit
  • to be granted; to be issued; to be given - esp. 下りる
  • to form (of frost, dew, mist, etc.) - esp. 降りる
  • to be passed (from the body; e.g. of a roundworm) - esp. 下りる 下り物

あのanoプロPUROnoスキーヤーSUKIIYAAha離れ業hanarewazawoshiながらnagarayamawoおりるorirunoga好きsukiだったdatta The professional skier liked to "hot-dog" down the mountain.

列車resshawo降りるorirutoすぐにsugunikarehaいとこitokono出迎えdemukaewo受けたuketa As soon as he got off the train, he was met by his cousin.

早朝souchounirogaおりるoriru The dew falls in early morning.

きるkiru Inflection

godan ~る verb / transitive:

  • to cut; to cut through; to perform (surgery)
  • to sever (connections, ties) 縁を切る
  • to turn off (e.g. the light)
  • to terminate (e.g. a conversation); to hang up (the phone); to disconnect 電話を切る
  • to punch (a ticket); to tear off (a stub)
  • to open (something sealed)
  • to start
  • to set (a limit); to do (something) in less or within a certain time; to issue (stamps, vouchers, etc.)
  • to reduce; to decrease; to discount 値切る
  • to shake off (water, etc.); to let drip-dry; to let drain
  • to cross; to traverse
  • to criticize sharply
  • to act decisively; to do (something noticeable); to go first; to make (certain facial expressions, in kabuki)
  • to turn (vehicle, steering wheel, etc.)
  • to curl (a ball); to bend; to cut
  • to shuffle (cards)
  • to discard a tile - Mahjong term
  • to dismiss; to sack; to let go; to expulse; to excommunicate
  • to dig (a groove); to cut (a stencil, on a mimeograph)
  • to trump 切り札
  • to cut (the connection between two groups) (in go)
  • to start a fire (with wood-wood friction or by striking a metal against stone) - also written as 鑽る
  • to draw (a shape) in the air (with a sword, etc.)

auxiliary verb / godan ~る verb:

  • to finish; to complete - after the -masu stem of a verb 疲れきる

2.大根daikonha拍子木hyoushigini切るkiru 2. Cut the daikon into long sticks.

iewo出る前derumaeにはnihaガスGASUnoスイッチSUITCHIwo切るkiruことkotowo忘れないでwasurenaideくださいkudasai Don't forget to turn off the gas before you leave the house.

3.電話をかけてdenwawokaketemoアナウンスANAUNSUtouni従って従tte操作sousaしたりshitariせずsezuすぐにsuguni切るkiruことkoto 3. If you do phone then hang up immediately, without following any instructions given.

いったんittanfuuwo切るkirutoそのsonoテープTEEPUha返品henpinできませんdekimasen Once you break the seal, you can't return the tape.

わたすwatasu Inflection

godan ~す verb / transitive:

  • to ferry across (e.g. a river); to carry across; to traverse
  • to lay across; to build across
  • to hand over; to hand in; to pass; to give; to transfer

必要hitsuyou以上ijounoお金okanewo子供kodomoni渡すwatasuna Do not hand over more money than is necessary to a child.

おわるowaru Inflection

godan ~る verb / intransitive verb / auxiliary verb:

  • to finish; to end; to close - also written 了る, 卒る, etc.

多くookuno言語gengode辞書形jishogatano語尾gobiga決まってkimatteおりori日本語nihongodehaう段udanno文字mojide終わるowaru In many languages the way dictionary-form words end is fixed; in Japanese they end in a 'u row' character.

とまるtomaru Inflection

godan ~る verb / intransitive verb:

  • to stop (moving); to come to a stop
  • to stop (doing, working, being supplied); to come to a halt; to cease; to be stopped; to be suspended
  • to alight; to perch on

そしてsoshite電車denshahaキーッKIIというtoiu音を立ててotowotatete止まったtomatta Then, the train screeched to a halt.

十分なjuubunna情報jouhouwo受け取るuketoruことができなかったkotogadekinakattaというtoiu理由riyuumo一部ichibuにはnihaあってatteハーHAAパーPAAno描写byoushaha不完全なfukanzennaものmononiとどまっているtodomatteiru Partly because he could not receive enough information, Harper's description remains imperfect.

あのanokinoedaniwanotorigaとまっているtomatteiru Some birds are sitting on the branch of that tree.

でるderu Inflection

ichidan verb / intransitive verb:

  • to leave; to exit; to go out; to come out; to get out Antonym: 入る【はいる】
  • to leave (on a journey); to depart; to start out; to set out
  • to move forward
  • to come to; to get to; to lead to; to reach
  • to appear; to come out; to emerge; to surface; to come forth; to turn up; to be found; to be detected; to be discovered; to be exposed; to show; to be exhibited; to be on display
  • to appear (in print); to be published; to be announced; to be issued; to be listed; to come out
  • to attend; to participate; to take part; to enter (an event); to play in; to perform
  • to be stated; to be expressed; to come up; to be brought up; to be raised
  • to sell
  • to exceed; to go over
  • to stick out; to protrude
  • to break out; to occur; to start; to originate
  • to be produced
  • to come from; to be derived from
  • to be given; to get; to receive; to be offered; to be provided; to be presented; to be submitted; to be handed in; to be turned in; to be paid
  • to answer (phone, door, etc.); to get
  • to assume (an attitude); to act; to behave
  • to pick up (speed, etc.); to gain
  • to flow (e.g. tears); to run; to bleed
  • to graduate

女性joseiga働きhatarakini出るderukotohaごくgoku普通futsuunoことkotoda It is quite common for women to go out to work.

アメリカAMERIKAno学生gakuseinonakaにはniha苦労kurouしてshite働きhatarakiながらnagara大学daigakuwo出るderumonoga多いooi Many American students work their way through the university.

電話denwaga鳴っていたnatteitagaそれsoreni出るderuhitohaいなかったinakatta The phone was ringing, but there was no one to answer it.

よむyomu Inflection

godan ~む verb / transitive:

  • to read
  • to count - now mostly used in idioms さばを読む
  • to guess; to predict; to read (someone's thoughts); to see (e.g. into someone's heart); to divine

ただtada面白いomoshiroiブログBUROGUwo書くkakuためにtamenihitonoブログBUROGUwo読むyomunoならnara今日kyouからkara出来るdekiru However, if you're going to read people's blogs in order to write an interesting blog, you can do that right away.

のむnomuoldirr. Inflection

godan ~む verb / transitive:

  • to drink; to gulp; to swallow; to take (medicine) - 呑む is often used metaphorically; 服む is often used for medicine
  • to smoke (tobacco) - also written 喫む 喫む
  • to engulf; to overwhelm
  • to keep down; to suppress
  • to accept (e.g. demand, condition)
  • to make light of; to conceal

くれるkureruno?」「いやあiyaaホテルHOTERUde呑むnomuんですndesuyo」「だろうdaroune "Can I have it?" "Sorry, I drank it at the hotel!" "Thought so."

あなたanatahaそのsonokusuriwo飲むnomuことkotowo断るkotowaruべきbekiであるdearu You must refuse to drink this drug.

sakewo飲むnomuto打解けuchitokete来るkuru As we drink, we open up to each other.

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© Based on JMdict, KANJIDIC2, and JMnedict, property of the Electronic Dictionary Research and Development Group, used in conformance with the Group's licence. Example sentences from the Tatoeba project (CC BY 2.0). Kanji stroke order data from the KanjiVG project by Ulrich Apel (CC BY-SA 3.0). See comprehensive list of data sources for more info.

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