あげるageru Inflection

ichidan verb / transitive:

  • to raise; to elevate 手を挙げる
  • to do up (one's hair) 髪を上げる
  • to fly (a kite, etc.); to launch (fireworks, etc.); to surface (a submarine, etc.)
  • to land (a boat)
  • to deep-fry 揚げる
  • to show someone (into a room)
  • to summon (for geishas, etc.) 揚げる - usually written using kana alone
  • to send someone (away)
  • to enrol (one's child in school); to enroll
  • to increase (price, quality, status, etc.); to develop (talent, skill); to improve
  • to make (a loud sound); to raise (one's voice) 声を上げる
  • to earn (something desirable)
  • to praise
  • to give (an example, etc.); to cite - usu. 挙げる
  • to summon up (all of one's energy, etc.) - usu. 挙げる
  • to arrest 挙げる
  • to nominate 挙げる
  • to give 上げる - polite language
  • to offer up (incense, a prayer, etc.) to the gods (or Buddha, etc.) 上げる
  • to bear (a child)
  • to conduct (a ceremony, esp. a wedding) - usu. 挙げる

ichidan verb / intransitive verb:

  • (of the tide) to come in

ichidan verb / intransitive verb / transitive:

  • to vomit

auxiliary verb / ichidan verb:

  • to do for (the sake of someone else) - after the -te form of a verb - usually written using kana alone - polite language
  • to complete ... - after the -masu stem of a verb 作り上げる
  • to humbly do ... - after the -masu stem of a humble verb to increase the level of humility - humble language 申し上げる

調節chousetsuレバーREBAAwoueni上げるageruto座面zamenno高さtakasawo調節chousetsuできますdekimasu You can adjust the seat height by moving the adjustment lever up.

たこtakowo上げるageruことkotoga危険なkikennaことkotomoあるaru Flying a kite can be dangerous.

彼らkareraha給料kyuuryouwo上げるageruようにyouni要求youkyuuしたshita They made a claim for higher pay.

彼女kanojoha小さなchiisana驚きodorokino悲鳴himeiwo上げるageruto浴室yokushitsuni逃げてnigete行ったitta She gave a small cry of alarm and fled to the bathroom.

零細reisai小売店kouritenなどnadohashin年度nendoにはniha利益riekiwo上げるageruでしょうdeshou Mom-and-pop stores will turn a profit in the new fiscal year.

fuyunoソナタSONATAworeini挙げるageruまでもなくmademonakuいまやimaya時ならぬtokinaranu韓流kanryuuブームBUUMUであるdearu You don't need to bring up "A Winter Sonata" to show that South Korean culture is having an unexpected boom in Japan.

watashihakareniペンPENwoあげるageruつもりtsumoriですdesu I'll give him a pen.

解き方tokikatawo教えてoshieteあげるageruyo I will show you how to solve it.

つとめるtsutomeru Inflection

ichidan verb / transitive:

  • to work (for); to be employed (at); to serve (in) - usu. 勤める
  • to serve (as); to act (as); to fill (the position of); to play the role (of) - usu. 務める
  • to conduct a religious service - usu. 勤める

パーティーPAATEIIdehadaregaホストHOSUTOwo勤めるtsutomeruのですnodesuka Who will host the party?

karehaジョンJONniかわりkawariwo務めるtsutomeruようにyouni命じたmeijita He appointed John to act as his deputy.

あびるabiru Inflection

ichidan verb / transitive:

  • to dash over oneself (e.g. water); to take (e.g. shower); to bask in (e.g. the sun); to bathe in; to be flooded with (e.g. light); to be covered in
  • to suffer (e.g. an attack); to draw (e.g. criticism, attention, praise); to have heaped upon; to be showered with

疲れたtsukaretaときtokihaひとhito風呂furo浴びるabirunogaいちばんichibanda When you feel tired, there is nothing like having a bath.

おりるoriru Inflection

ichidan verb / intransitive verb:

  • to descend (e.g. a mountain); to go down; to come down - esp. 下りる
  • to alight (e.g. from bus); to get off; to disembark; to dismount - esp. 降りる
  • to step down; to retire; to give up; to quit
  • to be granted; to be issued; to be given - esp. 下りる
  • to form (of frost, dew, mist, etc.) - esp. 降りる
  • to be passed (from the body; e.g. of a roundworm) - esp. 下りる 下り物

あのanoプロPUROnoスキーヤーSUKIIYAAha離れ業hanarewazawoshiながらnagarayamawoおりるorirunoga好きsukiだったdatta The professional skier liked to "hot-dog" down the mountain.

列車resshawo降りるorirutoすぐにsugunikarehaいとこitokono出迎えdemukaewo受けたuketa As soon as he got off the train, he was met by his cousin.

早朝souchounirogaおりるoriru The dew falls in early morning.

でるderu Inflection

ichidan verb / intransitive verb:

  • to leave; to exit; to go out; to come out; to get out Antonym: 入る【はいる】
  • to leave (on a journey); to depart; to start out; to set out
  • to move forward
  • to come to; to get to; to lead to; to reach
  • to appear; to come out; to emerge; to surface; to come forth; to turn up; to be found; to be detected; to be discovered; to be exposed; to show; to be exhibited; to be on display
  • to appear (in print); to be published; to be announced; to be issued; to be listed; to come out
  • to attend; to participate; to take part; to enter (an event); to play in; to perform
  • to be stated; to be expressed; to come up; to be brought up; to be raised
  • to sell
  • to exceed; to go over
  • to stick out; to protrude
  • to break out; to occur; to start; to originate
  • to be produced
  • to come from; to be derived from
  • to be given; to get; to receive; to be offered; to be provided; to be presented; to be submitted; to be handed in; to be turned in; to be paid
  • to answer (phone, door, etc.); to get
  • to assume (an attitude); to act; to behave
  • to pick up (speed, etc.); to gain
  • to flow (e.g. tears); to run; to bleed
  • to graduate

女性joseiga働きhatarakini出るderukotohaごくgoku普通futsuunoことkotoda It is quite common for women to go out to work.

アメリカAMERIKAno学生gakuseinonakaにはniha苦労kurouしてshite働きhatarakiながらnagara大学daigakuwo出るderumonoga多いooi Many American students work their way through the university.

電話denwaga鳴っていたnatteitagaそれsoreni出るderuhitohaいなかったinakatta The phone was ringing, but there was no one to answer it.

かりるkariru Inflection

ichidan verb / transitive:

  • to borrow; to have a loan
  • to rent; to hire

kareにはnihaそのsonoお金okanewo借りるkariru友達tomodachigaいなかったinakatta He had no friend from whom he could borrow the money.

道具douguwo借りるkarirukotoga出来ますdekimasuka Is it possible to rent equipment?

きるkiru Inflection

ichidan verb / transitive:

  • to wear (in modern Japanese, from the shoulders down); to put on
  • to bear (guilt, etc.)

あのano赤いakaifukuwo着るkirunohaよしyoshiなさいnasai」「なぜnazeいけないikenaino "You had better not wear the red dress." "Why not?"

みるmiru Inflection

ichidan verb / transitive:

  • to see; to look; to watch; to view; to observe
  • to look over; to look on; to assess; to examine; to judge 診る
  • to look after; to keep an eye on; to take care of - usually written using kana alone 看る
  • to view (e.g. flowers, movie) - usu. 観る

auxiliary verb / ichidan verb:

  • to try; to try out; to test - usu. after a conative verb as 〜てみる - usually written using kana alone
  • to see that...; to find that... - usu. after an aconative verb as 〜てみると, 〜てみれば, 〜てみたら, etc. - usually written using kana alone

上司joushigaいくらikura立派なrippanaことkotowo言ってittemo部下bukaha見るmiruところtokorohaちゃんとchanto見ているmiteiru However fine the words of the management, those working for them see what is to be seen.

atamagaくらくらkurakuraしているshiteiruのでnode深くfukaku考えずkangaezuniいい加減なiikagennaことkotowo書いてkaiteみるmiru My head is swimming, so I'll try writing any-old stuff without any deep thought.

多くookunoアメリカ人AMERIKAjinhaテレビTEREBIde「アイ・ラブ・ルーシー」‘AI/RABU/RUUSHII’no再放送saihousouwo観るmirunoga好きsukida Many Americans love to watch reruns of the I Love Lucy show.

今日kyou朝一asa一deポートレートPOOTOREETOno予約yoyakuga入っているhaitteirundaga・・・どうdouda試しにtameshiniやってyatteみるmiruka First thing today there's an appointment for a portrait ... what do you say? Will you try doing it as a test?

でかけるdekakeru Inflection

ichidan verb / intransitive verb:

  • to go out (e.g. on an excursion or outing); to leave; to depart; to start; to set out
  • to be about to leave; to be just going out

tsumahasakananoオードブルOODOBURUga好きsukidaからkarane釣りtsurini出掛けるdekakeruときtokihao許し許shiga出やすいdeyasuindayone My wife loves fish hors d'oeuvre, so it's easier for me to get a kitchen pass for my fishing.

おぼえるoboeru Inflection

ichidan verb / transitive:

  • to memorize; to memorise; to commit to memory; to learn by heart; to bear in mind; to remember
  • to learn; to pick up; to acquire 覚える
  • to feel 覚える
  • to think; to regard 覚える

monowo視覚的にshikakutekini覚えるoboeru器官kikanha視床shishou下部kabunoshitaniあるaru The sight memory organ is below the hypothalamus.

聖書seishowo読むyomuたびにtabiniwatashiha深いfukai感動kandouwo覚えるoboeru Every time I read the Bible, I am deeply moved.

おきるokiru Inflection

ichidan verb / intransitive verb:

  • to get up; to rise; to blaze up (fire)
  • to wake up; to be awake; to stay awake
  • to occur (usu. of unfavourable incidents); to happen; to take place

僕らbokuraha明け方akegatani起きるokiruためにtameni早くhayaku寝たneta We hit the hay early in order to get up at dawn.

連日renjitsu交通事故koutsuujikoga起きるokiru Traffic accidents happen daily.

おしえるoshieruold Inflection

ichidan verb / transitive:

  • to teach; to instruct
  • to tell; to inform
  • to preach

唯一のyuiitsuno有益なyuuekina知識chishikiとはtohaよいyoiものmonowo捜し求めsagashimotome悪いwaruiものmonowo避けるsakeru方法houhouwoわれわれwarewareni教えるoshieru知識chishikiであるdearu The only useful knowledge is that which teaches us how to seek what is good and avoid what is evil.

みせるmiseru Inflection

ichidan verb / transitive:

  • to show; to display

取り繕うtoritsukurouようにyouni笑ってwaratteみせるmiseru She smiled to smooth things over.

できるdekiruold Inflection

ichidan verb / intransitive verb:

  • to be able (in a position) to do; to be up to the task
  • to be ready; to be completed
  • to be made; to be built
  • to be good at; to be permitted (to do)
  • to become intimate; to take up (with somebody)
  • to grow; to be raised
  • to become pregnant

imoutohaもうmouhonwo上手jouzuni読むyomukotoga出来るdekiru My little sister can read books well now.

バターBATAAhaミルクMIRUKUからkara出来るdekiru Butter is made from milk.

オレンジORENJIha暖かいatatakaikunide出来るdekiru Oranges grow in warm countries.

きえるkieru Inflection

ichidan verb / intransitive verb:

  • to go out; to vanish; to disappear

kareha嫌なiyana思い出omoidega消えるkieruことkotowo願っているnegatteiru He wishes to erase bad memories.

たべるtaberuirr. Inflection

ichidan verb / transitive:

  • to eat
  • to live on (e.g. a salary); to live off; to subsist on

もっとmotto果物kudamonowo食べるtaberuべきbekiですdesu You should eat more fruit.

ねるneruold Inflection

ichidan verb / intransitive verb:

  • to lie down
  • to go to bed; to lie in bed
  • to sleep (lying down) 眠る
  • to sleep (with someone, i.e. have intercourse)
  • to lie idle

yoruhaたいていのtaiteinohitoga寝るnerutokiであるdearu Night is when most people sleep.

横向きyokomukini寝るnerutoいびき」をかきibiki’wokakiにくいnikui Is snoring less likely if you sleep on your side?

はれるhareru Inflection

ichidan verb / intransitive verb:

  • to clear up; to clear away; to be sunny; to stop raining
  • to refresh (e.g. spirits)
  • to be cleared (e.g. of a suspicion) 疑いが晴れる
  • to be dispelled; to be banished

あすasuha晴れるhareruだろうdarou It will be fine tomorrow.

最近saikindehaジョンJONha時々tokidoki気分kibunga晴れるhareruことがあるkotogaaru Recently John feels better on and off.

しめるshimeru Inflection

ichidan verb / transitive:

  • to tie; to fasten; to tighten Antonym: 緩める
  • to wear (necktie, belt); to put on
  • to total; to sum 〆る【しめる】
  • to be strict with 緊める【しめる】
  • to economize; to economise; to cut down on
  • to salt; to marinate; to pickle; to make sushi adding a mixture of vinegar and salt

運転者untenshahaシートベルトSHIITOBERUTOwoしめるshimeruようにyouni指導shidouされたsareta The driver advised us to fasten our seat belts.

飛行機hikoukiga乱気流rankiryuuni近付いchikazuiteitaためtame操縦soujuushiha乗客joukyakuniシートベルトSHIITOBERUTOwo締めるshimeruようyou呼びかけyobikaketa As the plane was approaching turbulence, the pilot asked the passengers aboard the plane to fasten their seat belts.

karehanatsuno熱いatsui時期jikiniネクタイNEKUTAIwo締めるshimerunowoいやがるiyagaru He hates wearing a tie during the summer heat.

つかれるtsukareru Inflection

ichidan verb / intransitive verb:

  • to get tired; to tire
  • to be worn out (e.g. of well used objects)
  • to starve - archaism

やっぱりyappariekiまでmade行くikunoha疲れるtsukareruからkara泊まっているtomatteiruホテルHOTERUまでmade来いkoiってtteことkotodaまったくmattaku身勝手なmigattenaonnadayo It was to say that going to the station was too much of a bother after all so I should come to the hotel she's staying at. Good grief, what a selfish woman!

しめるshimeru Inflection

ichidan verb / transitive:

  • to close; to shut

monwo閉めるshimeru時間jikanda It is time to shut the gate.

こたえるkotaeru Inflection

ichidan verb / intransitive verb:

  • to answer; to reply

これkoreについてnitsuitehaまことにmakotoni仰る通りossharutooriでございますdegozaimasuto答えるkotaeruしかshikaないnaiのですnodesu In connection with this I can only reply, "it is just as you say."

あけるakeru Inflection

ichidan verb / transitive:

  • to open (a door, etc.); to unwrap (e.g. parcel, package); to unlock 開ける
  • to open (for business, etc.) 開ける
  • to empty; to remove; to make space; to make room - esp. 空ける
  • to move out; to clear out - esp. 空ける
  • to be away from (e.g. one's house); to leave (temporarily) - esp. 空ける

ichidan verb / intransitive verb:

  • to dawn; to grow light - esp. 明ける
  • to end (of a period, season) - esp. 明ける
  • to begin (of the New Year) - esp. 明ける
  • to leave (one's schedule) open; to make time (for) - esp. 明ける
  • to make (a hole); to open up (a hole)

3人no少年shounentachihaそのsono建物tatemononotobirawo開けましたakemashita The three boys opened the doors of the building.

そうすればsousurebaやがてyagateunga開けるakeruでしょうdeshou And soon your luck will turn for the better.

財布saifuno中身nakamiwoこのkonofukuroni空けakeなさいnasai Empty the purse into this bag.

yoruga明けるakeru Day breaks.

うまれるumareru Inflection

ichidan verb / intransitive verb:

  • to be born

年明けtoshiakeni子供kodomoga産まれるumareru予定yoteiですdesu I'm expecting a baby in the new year!

いれるireru Inflection

ichidan verb / transitive:

  • to put in; to let in; to take in; to bring in; to insert; to set (a jewel, etc.); to ink in (e.g. a tattoo)
  • to admit; to accept; to employ; to hire
  • to accept; to comply; to grant; to adopt (a policy, etc.); to take (advice, etc.); to listen to; to pay attention to - esp. 容れる
  • to include
  • to pay (one's rent, etc.)
  • to cast (a vote)
  • to make (tea, coffee, etc.) 淹れる
  • to turn on (a switch, etc.)
  • to send (a fax); to call

留学生ryuugakuseimo入れるirerunoかしらkashira I wonder if exchange students can join this club.

彼女kanojohaお茶ochawo入れるirerumaeniお湯oyuga沸くwakuまでmade待ったmatta She waited until the water boiled before making the tea with it.

コンタクトKONTAKUTOwo入れるireruというtoiunohaいかがikagaでしょうdeshou How about wearing contact lenses?

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© Based on JMdict, KANJIDIC2, and JMnedict, property of the Electronic Dictionary Research and Development Group, used in conformance with the Group's licence. Example sentences from the Tatoeba project (CC BY 2.0). Kanji stroke order data from the KanjiVG project by Ulrich Apel (CC BY-SA 3.0). See comprehensive list of data sources for more info.

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