• inside; in
  • among; within
  • center (centre); middle
  • during; while

kareha自分jibunnoお金okanewo全部zenbubakononakani入れたireta He put all his money in the box.

これらのkorerano商品shouhinnonakaからkara1つhitotsu選びerabiなさいnasai Choose one from among these products.

そのsono学校gakkouhanakakou一貫ikkankoudatoいうiuことkotowoatamano片隅katasuminiでもdemo入れてireteおいてoite下さいkudasai Bear in mind that that school is an integrated junior high and high school.


noun / ~の noun:

  • inside; within
  • while - also 裡 - usually written using kana alone ないうちに
  • among; amongst; between - usually written using kana alone


  • we; our - in ref. to one's in-group, e.g. company, etc. - usually written using kana alone 家【うち】
  • my spouse


  • imperial palace grounds - archaism
  • emperor - archaism


  • I; me - primarily used by women and children - Kansai dialect

エイズEIZUgawatashiga生きているikiteiruうちuchini治るnaoruことkotowo願っているnegatteiruyo I have a dream that AIDS will be cured in my lifetime.

あのano少年shounenhamiseからkaramisewo歩いているaruiteiruうちuchini盗みnusumihekigaでてdeteしまったshimatta The young boy got sticky fingers when he walked into stores.

私のwatashino息子musuko二人noうちuchi一人ha教師kyoushideもう一人mou一ninha医者ishaですdesu One of my sons is a teacher, and the other is a doctor.

うちuchide働いてhataraitemiたいtaikanetoウッドUDDOさんsanga尋ねましたtazunemashita "Would you like to work for me, Tony?" asked Mr Wood.


noun / prefix / suffix:

  • medium; average; middle


  • moderation
  • middle school - abbreviation 中一中学校
  • China - abbreviation 中国
  • volume two (of three) - abbreviation 中巻

suffix noun:

  • during (a certain time when one did or is doing something); under (construction, etc.); while 話し中
  • in; out of (e.g. three out of ten people) 中【じゅう】

いとこitokoたちtachiha2、3日chuuniくるkuruでしょうdeshou My cousins are coming in a few days.

うわさuwasano正体shoutaiwoつきとめるtsukitomeruためにtameni会社kaishachuuwo調べshirabe回っているmawatteiruんだnda I've been nosing around the office trying to find out the news.

そのsono学校gakkouhanakakou一貫ikkankoudatoいうiuことkotowoatamano片隅katasuminiでもdemo入れてireteおいてoite下さいkudasai Bear in mind that that school is an integrated junior high and high school.

これらのkorerano数字suujiga示すshimesunoha大学daigaku年生nenseinoninchuu3人ga政治seijini無関心mukanshindatoいうiuことkotoda These figures indicate three in five college first-year students are indifferent to politics.

10ninchuu3人haビデオBIDEOwo持っているmotteiru Three out of ten persons have a video.

そのsonoピアニストPIANISUTOno演奏ensouchuu彼らkareraha一心にisshinnimimiwo傾けたkatamuketa They were all ears while the pianist was playing.



  • through; throughout; in the course of
  • all over or throughout (e.g. a place)


  • Central and Eastern Europe


  • red dragon tile - abbreviation - Mahjong term 紅中
  • winning hand with a pung (or kong) of red dragon tiles - Mahjong term

Kanji definition:


in; inside; middle; mean; center

丨 line, stick
중 [jung]
zhōng / zhòng
Stroke order:
Example words:
centre; center; middle; heart; / metropolis; capital city; central government
center; centre; middle; heart; core; focus; pivot; emphasis; balance; / -centered; -centred; -focussed; -oriented; centered on; focussed on
China; / Chūgoku region of western Honshu (incl. Okayama, Hiroshima, Shimane, Tottori and Yamaguchi prefectures); / central part of a country; main region; / province of the second lowest rank (ritsuryo system)
middle; midway; interim
on the way; en route; / in the middle of; midway

Partial results:



  • junior high school; middle school; lower secondary school

このkonoutawo聞くkikuto私のwatashino中学校chuugakkou時代jidaiwo思い出しますomoidashimasu This song reminds me of my junior high school days.


noun / ~の noun:

私たちwatashitachihaそのsono部屋heyano中央chuuouni座ったsuwatta We sat in the center of the room.


noun / ~の noun:

  • center; centre; middle; heart; core; focus; pivot; emphasis; balance


  • -centered; -centred; -focussed; -oriented; centered on; focussed on

そのsonomachino中心chuushinniすてきなsutekina公園kouengaあるaru There is a nice park in the center of the town.



  • middle school; junior high school - abbreviation 中学校

中学chuugaku高校koukoudeha陰湿なinshitsunaいじめijimega増えるfueru傾向keikouniあるarutoいうiu In junior high and high schools, they say insidious forms of bullying are on the rise.

ちゅうしchuushi Inflection

noun / ~する noun:

  • suspension; stoppage; discontinuance; interruption

ミーティングMIITEINGUwo中止chuushishiなければならないnakerebanaranai We have to call off the meeting.



  • lunch; midday meal
  • food served at a tea party (tea ceremony) - usu. 中食

karehakon昼食chuushokuwo取っているtotteiruところtokoroですdesu He is having lunch now.


temporal noun / ~の noun:

  • used; second-hand; old


  • Middle Ages ちゅうこ

そのsono中古chuukono冷蔵庫reizoukohaひどいhidoi代物shiromonoだったdatta That used refrigerator was a real dog.

あたるataru Inflection

godan ~る verb / intransitive verb:

  • to be hit; to strike Antonym: 外す
  • to touch; to be in contact; to be affixed
  • to be equivalent to; to be applicable; to apply to
  • to be right on the money (of a prediction, criticism, etc.)
  • to be selected (in a lottery, etc.); to win
  • to be successful; to go well; to be a hit
  • to face; to confront
  • to lie (in the direction of)
  • to undertake; to be assigned
  • to be stricken (by food poisoning, heat, etc.); to be afflicted
  • to be called upon (by the teacher)
  • to treat (esp. harshly); to lash out at
  • to be unnecessary - as 〜するには当たらない, etc.
  • to be hitting well; to be on a hitting streak - usu. as 当たっている - Baseball term
  • (in fishing) to feel a bite
  • (of fruit, etc.) to be bruised; to spoil

godan ~る verb / transitive:

  • to feel (something) out; to probe into; to check (i.e. by comparison)
  • to shave
  • to be a relative of a person; to stand in a relationship - as 〜の〜に当たる

日本nipponnosakurahaまさにmasaniイギリスIGIRISUnoバラBARAniあたるataru The cherry blossom is to Japan what the rose is to England.

yumeha時としてtokitoshiteあたるataru Dreams sometimes come true.

watashihakaoni冷たいtsumetaikazega当たるatarunowo感じたkanjita I felt a cold wind on my face.

なかなかnakanakairr. Inflection

adverb / adjectival noun:

  • very; considerably; easily; readily; fairly; quite; highly; rather


  • by no means; not readily - with a verb in the negative


  • middle; half-way point

~の noun:

  • excellent; wonderful; very good

あいつaitsuhaなかなかnakanakaいいiiyakkodaze He is a good joker.

いまどきimadoki良いyoi仕事shigotohaなかなかnakanaka得がたいegatainowo忘れないでwasurenaidene Don't forget that good jobs are very hard to come by these days.


adverbial noun / noun:

  • middle; midway; interim

厳しkibishisato甘さamasano中間chuukanwo見つけるmitsukeru Find a mean between harshness and indulgence.


noun / ~の noun:

  • contents; interior; substance; filling; (sword) blade

財布saifuno中身nakamiwoこのkonofukuroni空けakeなさいnasai Empty the purse into this bag.


adverbial noun / temporal noun:

  • middle of a month; second third of a month; 11th to 20th day of a month

予定日yoteibiha1月ichigatsu中旬chuujungoroですdesu I'm expecting my baby in the middle of January.


noun / ~の noun:

  • middle-age; middle age; midlife; one's middle years

彼女kanojoha中年chuunenデブDEBUda She's a middle-aged fat woman.


adverbial noun / temporal noun:

  • Middle Ages (in Japan esp. the Kamakura and Muromachi periods ); medieval times; mediaeval times

このkono壮大なsoudaina大聖堂daiseidouno建立konryuuha中世chuuseiniまでmadeさかのぼるsakanoboru This magnificent cathedral dates back to the Middle Ages.


noun / ~の noun:

  • in the middle; half-way

私たちwatashitachihayamano中途chuutoまでmade登ったnobotta We went halfway up the mountain.


noun / ~の noun:

  • neutrality (incl. chemical, electrical, etc.); indifference
  • sexlessness; androgyny; androgyne; neuter
  • neuter gender - Linguistics term

リトマス紙RITOMASUshide溶液youekino液性ekisei酸性sansei中性chuusei塩基性enkiseiwo調べるshiraberuときtokihaリトマス紙RITOMASUshiwoすべてsubete溶液youekini浸すhitasunoではなくdehanakukamino先端sentanno部分bubunだけdakewo浸しますhitashimasu When investigating the pH (acidic, neutral, alkaline) of a liquid, don't soak the litmus paper completely in the liquid but just put the end of the paper in it.



  • middle finger; long finger; second finger; tall finger
  • middle toe; third toe
ちゅうけいchuukei Inflection

noun / ~する noun / ~の noun:

  • relay; hook-up

noun / ~する noun:



  • neutrality

そのsonokuniha第二次世界大戦dai二jisekaitaisenchuuha中立chuuritsuwo保っていたtamotteita That country remained neutral throughout World War II.



  • hit
  • success
  • guess; prediction
  • affability; friendliness
  • sensation; touch
  • bruise (on fruit)
  • situation in which a stone or chain of stones may be captured on the next move (in the game of go)
  • bite (of a fish on a hook); strike - also written as 魚信 魚信


  • per; each

そのsono現在genzai建設中kensetsuchuuno工場koujouha一日当たりatari3000dainoビデオデッキBIDEODEKKIwo組み立てられるkumitaterareru The factory now under construction will assemble 3,000 VCR units per day.

何回か何kaika当たりatarihaあったattagahariにはnihaかからなかったkakaranakatta I got several bites, but could not hook a fish.

赤道sekidouにおけるniokeru経度keido1度当たりatarino長さnagasa Distance per degree of longitude at equator.


noun / ~の noun:

  • centre; center; pivot; mainstay; nucleus; backbone; central figure; pillar; key man

東京toukyouha今やimaya世界経済sekaikeizaino中枢chuusuuda Tokyo is now a center of the world economy.

ちゅうだんchuudan Inflection

noun / ~する noun:

  • interruption; suspension; break

病気のbyoukinoためtame休暇kyuukaga中断chuudanしたshita Illness cut short his vacation.

ちゅうどくchuudoku Inflection

noun / ~する noun / ~の noun:

  • poisoning

suffix noun:

  • addiction

watashihaテレビTEREBI中毒chuudokuですdesu I'm a TV addict.

ちゅうわchuuwa Inflection

noun / ~する noun:

  • neutralizing; neutralising; counteracting

adjectival noun:

  • neutral; unbiased

アルカリARUKARIhasanwo中和chuuwaするsuru Alkalis neutralize acids.

ちゅうしょうchuushou Inflection

noun / ~する noun:

  • slander; libel; defamation; calumny; smear

基本的なkihontekina禁止事項kinshijikou誹謗hibou中傷chuushouno禁止kinshitouhaはじめhajimeniお読みoyomi下さいkudasaini記載kisaiしてshiteありますarimasu必ずkanarazuお読みoyomiくださいkudasai * The basic prohibitions (No slander, libel, etc.) are noted in the "Read me first." Please be sure to read it.

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© Based on JMdict, KANJIDIC2, and JMnedict, property of the Electronic Dictionary Research and Development Group, used in conformance with the Group's licence. Example sentences from the Tatoeba project (CC BY 2.0). Kanji stroke order data from the KanjiVG project by Ulrich Apel (CC BY-SA 3.0). See comprehensive list of data sources for more info.

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