きめるkimeru Inflection

ichidan verb / transitive:

  • to decide; to choose; to determine; to make up one's mind; to resolve; to set one's heart on; to settle; to arrange; to set; to appoint; to fix
  • to clinch (a victory); to decide (the outcome of a match)
  • to persist in doing; to go through with
  • to always do; to have made a habit of - as 決めている
  • to take for granted; to assume
  • to dress up; to dress to kill; to dress to the nines
  • to carry out successfully (a move in sports, a pose in dance, etc.); to succeed in doing
  • to immobilize with a double-arm lock (in sumo, judo, etc.) - Martial Arts, Sumo term
  • to eat or drink something; to take illegal drugs

私たちwatashitachigaそこsokohe行くikuかどうかkadoukawo決めるkimerunoha君のkimino責任sekininda It's up to you to decide whether we'll go there or not.

屋根yaneno勾配koubaiwoどうするかdousuruka決めるkimerunohaとてもtotemo重要juuyouですdesu It is very important to decide what to do about the slope of the roof.

どんなdonna組織soshikiであれdeare内部のnaibuno融和yuuwato団結danketsuhaそのsono組織soshikino成敗seibaiwo決めるkimeru重要なjuuyouna要素yousoda For any type of organisation, internal harmony and unity are important factors in deciding its success or failure.

おとすotosu Inflection

godan ~す verb / transitive:

  • to drop; to lose; to let fall; to shed (light); to cast (one's gaze); to pour in (liquid); to leave behind
  • to clean off (dirt, makeup, paint, etc.); to remove (e.g. stains or facial hair); to lose; to spend money at a certain place; to omit; to leave out; to secretly let escape
  • to lose (a match); to reject (an applicant); to fail (a course); to defeat (in an election)
  • to lower (e.g. shoulders or voice); to lessen (e.g. production or body weight); to worsen (quality); to reduce (e.g. rank or popularity); to speak badly of; to make light of; to fall into straitened circumstances
  • to fall into (e.g. a dilemma or sin); to make one's own; to have one's bid accepted; to force surrender; to take (e.g. an enemy camp or castle); to forcefully convince; to press for a confession; to deal with
  • to download; to copy from a computer to another medium - IT term
  • to make someone swoon (judo) - Martial Arts term
  • to finish a story (e.g. with the punch line)
  • to finish (a period, e.g. of fasting)

kurumano速度sokudowo落とすotosu装置souchiハンプHANPUya狭さくkyousakuについてnitsuite意見ikengaあったらattara書いてkaiteくださいkudasai If you have any opinions concerning traffic calming devices (humps, curb extensions, etc.) please write them.

しみshimiwoこすりkosuri落とすotosuことができなかったkotogadekinakatta I couldn't scrub the stain out.

日本語nihongonoソフトSOFUTOwo落とすotosuコツKOTSUいいiiサイトSAITOありませんarimasenka Are there any knacks, or good sites, for downloading Japanese software?

しどうshidou Inflection

noun / ~する noun:

  • guidance; leadership; instruction; direction; coaching


  • shido (disciplinary action for a minor infringement of the rules of judo) - Martial Arts term

彼女kanojohaそのsonotouno指導shidouteki任務ninmuniつくtsukuことkotowo承認shouninしたshita She has consented to take the leadership of the party.

ゆうこうyuukou Inflection

adjectival noun / noun:

  • valid; effective Antonym: 無効


  • yuko (judo) - Martial Arts term

そのsono切符kippuha一週間有効yuukouですdesu The ticket is valid for a week.



  • face
  • mask; face guard
  • (in kendo) striking the head - Martial Arts term
  • surface (esp. a geometrical surface)
  • page

noun / suffix:

  • aspect; facet; side
  • chamfer


  • counter for broad, flat objects, levels or stages, e.g. in a video game

二人hamento向かったmukatta They confronted each other.

そのsonootokohaトラTORAnomenwoかぶっていたkabutteita That man was wearing a tiger mask.

そよ風soyokazedeikenomenniさざ波sazanamiga立ったtatta A gentle wind made ripples on the surface of the pond.

あるarumendeha人生jinseiha残酷なzankokunaものmonoda私たちwatashitachino1人1人大きなookina問題mondaiga用意youiされているsareteiru In a way, life is a cruel thing. It holds major problems in store for each one of us.

うけみukemi Inflection

noun / ~の noun / adjectival noun:

  • the defensive
  • passive attitude; passivity; passiveness
  • the passive; passive voice - Linguistics term
  • ukemi (the art of falling safely) - Martial Arts term

どうしてdoushiteそんなにsonnani受け身ukemitekinanoka仕返しshikaeshiしてshitehaどうdouda How can you be so passive? Why don't you retaliate?

公式koushiki問題集mondaishuuにはniha"受け身ukemino現在進行形genzaishinkougata"to説明setsumeiされていますsareteimasu In the official question collection it is explained as being "passive voice of the present continuous tense".

うちこむuchikomu Inflection

godan ~む verb / transitive:

  • to drive in (e.g. nail, stake); to hammer in
  • to hit (a ball, etc.); to drive; to smash
  • to fire into (e.g. a crowd); to launch (e.g. missiles); to lob (e.g. grenades) 撃ち込む
  • to input (data); to enter
  • to devote oneself to; to go heart and soul into; to throw oneself into; to go head over heels for
  • to practice hitting (baseball, tennis, etc.) - Sports term
  • to hit (an opponent in kendo, boxing, etc.); to get a blow in - Martial Arts term
  • to invade one's opponent's territory (in the game of go); to place a stone in an opponent's formation
  • to pour (concrete, etc.) into a form

ノートパソコンNOOTOPASOKONno電源を入れdengenwoireブラウザBURAUZAwo立ち上げてtachiageteもうmou覚えてoboeteしまったshimattaアドレスADORESUwo打ち込むuchikomu I switch on my laptop, start up the browser, and type in the address I've already learnt by heart.

基礎kisonikuiwo打ち込むuchikomunowo忘れてwasurete空中kuuchuuni楼閣roukakuwo建てるtateruとはtohaあなたanatamo愚かなorokanahitoda It is foolish of you to build a castle in the air while forgetting to drive in pilings for its foundation.



  • one long cylindrical thing; one film, TV show, etc.; one goal, home run, etc.; one telephone call 本【ほん】
  • one version
  • one book; a certain book
  • ippon; one point; a blow - Martial Arts term
  • experienced geisha 半玉【はんぎょく】

suffix noun:

  • single-minded focus on ... - after a noun, usu. as 〜一本で, 〜一本に, etc.

noun / ~の noun:

  • eastern direction
  • the Orient


  • eastern fighter in a match (e.g. sumo wrestling) ひがしかた・ひがしがた - Martial Arts term

日本nipponha中国chuugokuno東方touhouniあるaru Japan is to the east of China.



  • thrust; stab; lunge; pass (in fencing)
  • tsuki; thrust to the throat (in kendo) - Martial Arts term
  • tsuki; thrust to the chest - Sumo term

taiイタリアITARIAno決勝kesshousende、ジダン,JIDANhaマテラッツィMATERATTSUIniatama突きtsukiwo食らわせkurawasetaためtameレッドカードREDDOKAADOwo受けuketa During the final against Italy, Zidane received a red card for head-butting Materazzi.



  • western direction
  • Western Pure Land (Amitabha's Buddhist paradise) さいほう - abbreviation - Buddhism term 西方浄土
  • western fighter in a match (e.g. sumo) にしがた - Martial Arts term

そのsonoshimaha日本nipponno西方seihouniあるaru The island lies to the west of Japan.



  • tie up; bind; fastening; tightening
  • sum; total amount; total
  • judo choking (strangling) techniques - Martial Arts term
  • last meal eaten when going restaurant hopping - Food term
  • completion; conclusion; rounding off 締めくくり【しめくくり】


  • counter for bundles; counter for faggots; counter for bundles of 2000 sheets of paper


  • end mark; closure mark - esp. 〆

彼女kanojoha座席zasekiyounoベルトBERUTOno締めshimekatawo彼らkarerani教えましたoshiemashita She showed them how to fasten their seat belts.

彼女kanojoha乗客joukyakuniシートベルトSHIITOBERUTOno締めshimekatawo教えたoshieta She showed the passengers how to fasten their seat belts.

勝ってkattekabutonoitoguchiwo締めshimeyo You must keep up your guard even after a victory.



  • bamboo sword (for kendo); bamboo fencing stick - Martial Arts term


  • policeman; official in charge of imprisoning offenders - archaism
  • art of defeating (and capturing) an opponent with one's bare hands - Martial Arts term


  • martial arts; military arts - Martial Arts term
  • wushu; modern sport derived from traditional Chinese martial arts 武術太極拳

kareha二者択一nishatakuitsuwo選ぶerabuことkotoでしょうdeshou武術bujutsukashika Which will he choose, I wonder, martial arts or death?



  • aikido - Martial Arts term

kareha年間nenkan合気道aikidouwoやっていたyatteita He had been a practitioner of Aikido for seven years.



  • seoi nage (judo); shoulder throw; back-carry throw - Martial Arts term


  • throw or throwing technique (sumo, judo) - Sumo, Martial Arts term


  • leg trip (in sumo, judo, etc.) - Sumo, Martial Arts term
  • foothold; pedal

adverbial noun:

  • nearly (used to estimate a period of time by rounding up incomplete units) 丸【まる】


  • holding a sword above one's head (kendo posture) - Martial Arts term
  • haughty attitude; overbearing manner


  • pinning technique (in wrestling or judo) - Martial Arts, Sumo term
  • underhanded dealings


  • randori (freestyle judo training) - Martial Arts term


  • weight-chain-pole weapon - Martial Arts term


  • nunchaku (two linked fighting sticks); nunchak - Ryūkyū dialect - Martial Arts term


  • Muay Thai; Thai boxing - Martial Arts term - From Thai

© Based on JMdict, KANJIDIC2, and JMnedict, property of the Electronic Dictionary Research and Development Group, used in conformance with the Group's licence. Example sentences from the Tatoeba project (CC BY 2.0). Kanji stroke order data from the KanjiVG project by Ulrich Apel (CC BY-SA 3.0). See comprehensive list of data sources for more info.

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