あげるageru Inflection

ichidan verb / transitive:

  • to raise; to elevate 手を挙げる
  • to do up (one's hair) 髪を上げる
  • to fly (a kite, etc.); to launch (fireworks, etc.); to surface (a submarine, etc.)
  • to land (a boat)
  • to deep-fry 揚げる
  • to show someone (into a room)
  • to summon (for geishas, etc.) 揚げる - usually written using kana alone
  • to send someone (away)
  • to enrol (one's child in school); to enroll
  • to increase (price, quality, status, etc.); to develop (talent, skill); to improve
  • to make (a loud sound); to raise (one's voice) 声を上げる
  • to earn (something desirable)
  • to praise
  • to give (an example, etc.); to cite - usu. 挙げる
  • to summon up (all of one's energy, etc.) - usu. 挙げる
  • to arrest 挙げる
  • to nominate 挙げる
  • to give 上げる - polite language
  • to offer up (incense, a prayer, etc.) to the gods (or Buddha, etc.) 上げる
  • to bear (a child)
  • to conduct (a ceremony, esp. a wedding) - usu. 挙げる

ichidan verb / intransitive verb:

  • (of the tide) to come in

ichidan verb / intransitive verb / transitive:

  • to vomit

auxiliary verb / ichidan verb:

  • to do for (the sake of someone else) - after the -te form of a verb - usually written using kana alone - polite language
  • to complete ... - after the -masu stem of a verb 作り上げる
  • to humbly do ... - after the -masu stem of a humble verb to increase the level of humility - humble language 申し上げる

調節chousetsuレバーREBAAwoueni上げるageruto座面zamenno高さtakasawo調節chousetsuできますdekimasu You can adjust the seat height by moving the adjustment lever up.

たこtakowo上げるageruことkotoga危険なkikennaことkotomoあるaru Flying a kite can be dangerous.

彼らkareraha給料kyuuryouwo上げるageruようにyouni要求youkyuuしたshita They made a claim for higher pay.

彼女kanojoha小さなchiisana驚きodorokino悲鳴himeiwo上げるageruto浴室yokushitsuni逃げてnigete行ったitta She gave a small cry of alarm and fled to the bathroom.

零細reisai小売店kouritenなどnadohashin年度nendoにはniha利益riekiwo上げるageruでしょうdeshou Mom-and-pop stores will turn a profit in the new fiscal year.

fuyunoソナタSONATAworeini挙げるageruまでもなくmademonakuいまやimaya時ならぬtokinaranu韓流kanryuuブームBUUMUであるdearu You don't need to bring up "A Winter Sonata" to show that South Korean culture is having an unexpected boom in Japan.

watashihakareniペンPENwoあげるageruつもりtsumoriですdesu I'll give him a pen.

解き方tokikatawo教えてoshieteあげるageruyo I will show you how to solve it.

よぶyobuirr. Inflection

godan ~ぶ verb / transitive:

  • to call out (to); to call; to invoke
  • to summon (a doctor, etc.)
  • to invite
  • to designate; to name; to brand
  • to garner (support, etc.); to gather
  • to take as one's wife - archaism 娶る

あなたanatawoケパKEPAto呼ぶyobuことにしますkotonishimasu You will be called Cephas.

結婚式kekkonshikidehaあまりにamariniたくさんtakusannoごちそうgochisouga出さdasaretaのでnode新郎shinrou新婦shinpuhaもっとmotto多くookunohitowo呼ぶyobuべきbekiだっdatakanato思いomoi始めhajimeta Food and drink were served in such profusion at the wedding that the bride and groom began to wonder if they should not have invited more guests.

ひんぱんにhinpanni吐血toketsuするsuru場合baaiha救急車kyuukyuushawo呼ぶyobuka近くchikakuno内科医naikaini往診oushinしてshiteもらうmorau If you frequently spit-up blood you should call an ambulance or have a nearby physician make a house call.

使つかうtsukau Inflection

godan ~う verb / transitive:

  • to use (a thing, method, etc.); to make use of; to put to use
  • to use (a person, animal, puppet, etc.); to employ; to handle; to manage; to manipulate 人使い
  • to use (time, money, etc.); to spend; to consume
  • to use (language); to speak 言葉遣い

アジア諸国AJIAshokokuなどnadoからkara出稼ぎdekaseginiきたkita外国人gaikokujinwoメイドMEIDOとしてtoshite使うtsukaunoga常識joushikinoようになっているyouninatteiru It has become common practise to employ foreigners working abroad from Asian countries as maids.

あぁaaいらいらirairaするsuru・・・今やimayaパソコンPASOKONwo使うtsukauたびtabini頭痛zutsuugaするsuruyo So annoying... Now I get a headache whenever I use the computer!

しるshiru Inflection

godan ~る verb / transitive:

  • to be aware of; to know; to be conscious of; to cognize; to cognise
  • to notice; to feel
  • to understand; to comprehend; to grasp
  • to remember; to be acquainted with (a procedure)
  • to experience; to go through; to learn
  • to be acquainted with (a person); to get to know
  • to concern

英雄eiyuuha英雄eiyuuwo知るshiru Like knows like.

そのsono答えkotaewo知るshiruのにnoniあなたanataha本当にhontouniそのsono質問shitsumonwoするsuru必要hitsuyougaあるarunoかしらkashira Do you really need to ask the question to know the answer?

予知能力yochinouryokutoha霊力reiryokuwo使ってtsukatte未来miraini起こるokoruことがらkotogaraについてnitsuite知るshiruことkoto Precognition is the act of using spiritual-power to know things that will occur in the future.

だすdasu Inflection

godan ~す verb / transitive:

  • to take out; to get out
  • to put out; to reveal; to show
  • to submit (e.g. thesis); to turn in
  • to publish; to make public
  • to send (e.g. letter) 手紙を出す
  • to produce (a sound); to start (fire) 声を出す
  • to serve (food)

suffix / godan ~す verb:

  • to begin ...; to start to ...; to burst into ... - after the -masu stem of a verb

飢えているueteiru人々hitobitoni援助enjonoお金okanewo出すdasuhitogaとてもtotemo少ないsukunainoha悲しいkanashiiことkotoda It is sad that so few people give money to help the hungry.

答案touanwo出すdasumaeniもう一度mouichido読み返しyomikaeshiなさいnasai Read over your paper before you hand it in.

旅行ryokouchuuni葉書hagakiwo出すdasunoha好きsukiではないdehanai I don't like to send postcards when I'm on a trip.

誰でもdaredemo初めhajimeni良いyoiぶどう酒budoushuwo出しdashi人々hitobitoga十分juubun飲んだnondaころkoroになるとninaruto悪いwaruiものmonowo出すdasumonoda Everyone brings out the choice wine first and then the cheaper wine after the guests have had too much.

つくるtsukuru Inflection

godan ~る verb / transitive:

  • to make; to produce; to manufacture; to build; to construct - 造る usu. for large-scale building, manufacturing, etc.; 創る usu. for creating
  • to prepare (food); to brew (alcohol)
  • to raise; to grow; to cultivate; to train 野菜を作る
  • to till
  • to draw up (a document); to make out; to prepare; to write
  • to create (an artistic work, etc.); to compose
  • to coin (a phrase); to organize; to organise; to establish; to found
  • to have (a child)
  • to make up (one's face, etc.)
  • to fabricate (an excuse, etc.)
  • to give a (false) appearance; to feign (a smile, etc.); to put on a show of emotion
  • to form (a line, etc.)
  • to set (a record)
  • to commit (a sin, etc.)

どこdokohe行ってittemokareha必ずkanarazu友達tomodachiwo作るtsukuru Wherever he may go, he is sure to make friends.

今日kyounoお弁当obentoumodaけどkedo五木itsukiさんsanto田中tanakaさんsanno作るtsukuruメニューMENYUUha緑黄色野菜ryokuoushokuyasaiga少ないsukunainじゃないjanai About today's packed-lunch, the menus prepared by Itsuki and Tanaka are low in beta-carotene-rich vegetables again aren't they?

庶民shominnoなりわいnariwaihakomewoつくるtsukuruことkotoだったdatta The ordinary people had their livelihood in farming rice.

文法的にbunpoutekini正しいtadashii文章bunshouwo作るtsukuruようyou心がけるkokorogakeruべきbekida You should try to produce grammatical sentences.

ではdehaCGwo作るtsukuru場合baaihaどのようにdonoyouni光源kougenwo使用shiyouすればsurebaよいyoinoであろうdearouka Then, when you're making CG, how should you use light sources?

輸入制限yunyuuseigenha両国間ryoukokukanによりniyori親密なshinmitsuna関係kankeiwo作るtsukuru支障shishouになるninaru Import restrictions are barriers to closer relations between the two countries.

例外reigaiha作るtsukuruべきではないbekidehanaito思いますomoimasu I don't think an exception should be made.

つとめるtsutomeru Inflection

ichidan verb / transitive:

  • to work (for); to be employed (at); to serve (in) - usu. 勤める
  • to serve (as); to act (as); to fill (the position of); to play the role (of) - usu. 務める
  • to conduct a religious service - usu. 勤める

パーティーPAATEIIdehadaregaホストHOSUTOwo勤めるtsutomeruのですnodesuka Who will host the party?

karehaジョンJONniかわりkawariwo務めるtsutomeruようにyouni命じたmeijita He appointed John to act as his deputy.

とるtoru Inflection

godan ~る verb / transitive:

  • to take; to pick up; to harvest; to earn; to win; to choose
  • to steal 盗る
  • to eat; to have (a meal) 摂る
  • to remove (one's glasses, etc.) - also written as 脱る
  • to compete (in sumo, cards, etc.); to play

watashihaよいyoisekiwoとるtoruことができたkotogadekita I got a good seat.

彼女kanojohaiede昼食chuushokuwoとるtoru She has lunch at home.

おすosu Inflection

godan ~す verb / transitive:

  • to push; to press 押す
  • to apply pressure from above; to press down 押す・圧す
  • to stamp (i.e. a passport); to apply a seal 押す・捺す 判を押す
  • to affix (e.g. gold leaf) 押す
  • to press (someone for something); to urge; to compel; to influence 押す
  • to overwhelm; to overpower; to repress 押す・圧す
  • to push (events along); to advance (a plan) 押す
  • to do in spite of ...; to do even though ...; to force 押す
  • to make sure 押す 念を押す【ねんをおす】駄目を押す【だめをおす】
  • to be pressed for time 押す
  • to advance troops; to attack 押す
  • (of light) to be diffused across an entire surface 押す

ボタンBOTANwo押すosuだけdakede出窓demadohaあくaku You have only to push the button to open the bay window.

シャッターSHATTAAwo押すosuだけdakede最新のsaishinnoテクノロジーTEKUNOROJIIgaキレイなKIREIna一枚ni仕上げますshiagemasu Just press the button and a clear photo will be produced by the latest technology.

クリックKURIKKUマウスMAUSUno左側hidarigawanoボタンBOTANwo素早くsubayaku一回プチッとPUCHItto押すosukotoですdesu Click: Quickly pushing the mouse's left hand side button once.

うるuru Inflection

godan ~る verb / transitive:

  • to sell

韓流kanryuuドラマDORAMAブームBUUMUni便乗binjouしてshite韓国kankokuno製品seihinwo売るuru業者gyoushaga増えたfueta Taking advantage of the popular boom in Korean drama, workers selling Korean goods have increased.

たのむtanomu Inflection

godan ~む verb / transitive:

  • to request; to beg; to ask
  • to call; to order; to reserve
  • to entrust to
  • to rely on - esp. 恃む

明日ashita電話denwadeトムTOMUni連絡renrakuしてshite手伝ってtetsudatteくれるkureruようにyouni頼むtanomuつもりtsumorida I'm going to call Tom tomorrow and ask him to help.

田中tanakaさんsannoことkotowo頼むtanomuyo Take care of Mr. Tanaka for me!

あびるabiru Inflection

ichidan verb / transitive:

  • to dash over oneself (e.g. water); to take (e.g. shower); to bask in (e.g. the sun); to bathe in; to be flooded with (e.g. light); to be covered in
  • to suffer (e.g. an attack); to draw (e.g. criticism, attention, praise); to have heaped upon; to be showered with

疲れたtsukaretaときtokihaひとhito風呂furo浴びるabirunogaいちばんichibanda When you feel tired, there is nothing like having a bath.

かうkau Inflection

godan ~う verb / transitive:

  • to buy; to purchase - in western Japan, 買う conjugates euphonically as こうた, こうて, etc.
  • to value; to have a high opinion
  • to stir; to provoke; to draw upon oneself

学食gakushokuni飽きたakitaときtokiha、ベルファ,BERUFUAde買うkaumoよしyoshiファミレスFUAMIRESUde食べるtaberumoよしyoshi When you're fed up with the school cafe you can buy something at Bellfa or eat at a family restaurant.

きるkiru Inflection

godan ~る verb / transitive:

  • to cut; to cut through; to perform (surgery)
  • to sever (connections, ties) 縁を切る
  • to turn off (e.g. the light)
  • to terminate (e.g. a conversation); to hang up (the phone); to disconnect 電話を切る
  • to punch (a ticket); to tear off (a stub)
  • to open (something sealed)
  • to start
  • to set (a limit); to do (something) in less or within a certain time; to issue (stamps, vouchers, etc.)
  • to reduce; to decrease; to discount 値切る
  • to shake off (water, etc.); to let drip-dry; to let drain
  • to cross; to traverse
  • to criticize sharply
  • to act decisively; to do (something noticeable); to go first; to make (certain facial expressions, in kabuki)
  • to turn (vehicle, steering wheel, etc.)
  • to curl (a ball); to bend; to cut
  • to shuffle (cards)
  • to discard a tile - Mahjong term
  • to dismiss; to sack; to let go; to expulse; to excommunicate
  • to dig (a groove); to cut (a stencil, on a mimeograph)
  • to trump 切り札
  • to cut (the connection between two groups) (in go)
  • to start a fire (with wood-wood friction or by striking a metal against stone) - also written as 鑽る
  • to draw (a shape) in the air (with a sword, etc.)

auxiliary verb / godan ~る verb:

  • to finish; to complete - after the -masu stem of a verb 疲れきる

2.大根daikonha拍子木hyoushigini切るkiru 2. Cut the daikon into long sticks.

iewo出る前derumaeにはnihaガスGASUnoスイッチSUITCHIwo切るkiruことkotowo忘れないでwasurenaideくださいkudasai Don't forget to turn off the gas before you leave the house.

3.電話をかけてdenwawokaketemoアナウンスANAUNSUtouni従って従tte操作sousaしたりshitariせずsezuすぐにsuguni切るkiruことkoto 3. If you do phone then hang up immediately, without following any instructions given.

いったんittanfuuwo切るkirutoそのsonoテープTEEPUha返品henpinできませんdekimasen Once you break the seal, you can't return the tape.

わたすwatasu Inflection

godan ~す verb / transitive:

  • to ferry across (e.g. a river); to carry across; to traverse
  • to lay across; to build across
  • to hand over; to hand in; to pass; to give; to transfer

必要hitsuyou以上ijounoお金okanewo子供kodomoni渡すwatasuna Do not hand over more money than is necessary to a child.

よむyomu Inflection

godan ~む verb / transitive:

  • to read
  • to count - now mostly used in idioms さばを読む
  • to guess; to predict; to read (someone's thoughts); to see (e.g. into someone's heart); to divine

ただtada面白いomoshiroiブログBUROGUwo書くkakuためにtamenihitonoブログBUROGUwo読むyomunoならnara今日kyouからkara出来るdekiru However, if you're going to read people's blogs in order to write an interesting blog, you can do that right away.

のむnomuoldirr. Inflection

godan ~む verb / transitive:

  • to drink; to gulp; to swallow; to take (medicine) - 呑む is often used metaphorically; 服む is often used for medicine
  • to smoke (tobacco) - also written 喫む 喫む
  • to engulf; to overwhelm
  • to keep down; to suppress
  • to accept (e.g. demand, condition)
  • to make light of; to conceal

くれるkureruno?」「いやあiyaaホテルHOTERUde呑むnomuんですndesuyo」「だろうdaroune "Can I have it?" "Sorry, I drank it at the hotel!" "Thought so."

あなたanatahaそのsonokusuriwo飲むnomuことkotowo断るkotowaruべきbekiであるdearu You must refuse to drink this drug.

sakewo飲むnomuto打解けuchitokete来るkuru As we drink, we open up to each other.

かりるkariru Inflection

ichidan verb / transitive:

  • to borrow; to have a loan
  • to rent; to hire

kareにはnihaそのsonoお金okanewo借りるkariru友達tomodachigaいなかったinakatta He had no friend from whom he could borrow the money.

道具douguwo借りるkarirukotoga出来ますdekimasuka Is it possible to rent equipment?

きるkiru Inflection

ichidan verb / transitive:

  • to wear (in modern Japanese, from the shoulders down); to put on
  • to bear (guilt, etc.)

あのano赤いakaifukuwo着るkirunohaよしyoshiなさいnasai」「なぜnazeいけないikenaino "You had better not wear the red dress." "Why not?"

はるharu Inflection

godan ~る verb / transitive:

  • to stick; to paste; to affix - esp. 貼る

godan ~る verb / intransitive verb / transitive:

  • to stretch; to spread; to strain; to tighten; to put up (tent)

godan ~る verb / intransitive verb:

  • to form (e.g. ice on a pond)

godan ~る verb / intransitive verb / transitive:

  • to fill; to swell

godan ~る verb / transitive:

  • to stick out; to put; to slap

godan ~る verb / intransitive verb:

  • to be expensive

godan ~る verb / transitive:

  • to keep a watch on; to be on the lookout

godan ~る verb / intransitive verb:

  • to become one tile away from completion 張る - Mahjong term テンパる聴牌

godan ~る verb / transitive:

  • to span; to generate - Mathematics term

あなたanatano願書ganshoni最近のsaikinno写真shashinwo貼りhariなさいnasai Attach a recent photograph to your application form.

クモKUMOgaクモの巣kumonosuwo張るharuところtokorowo見たmitaことがありますkotogaarimasuka Have you ever seen a spider spinning its web?

mizuumiにはniha薄いusuikooriga張っていたhatteita There was thin ice on the lake.

うたうutau Inflection

godan ~う verb / transitive / intransitive verb:

  • to sing

godan ~う verb / transitive:

  • to sing (one's praises in a poem, etc.); to compose a poem; to recite a poem - esp. 歌う, 詠う

どうしてdoushiteoreha彼らkareraのようにnoyouni歌うutauことkotoga出来ないdekinaiんだnda Why can't I sing like they can?

みるmiru Inflection

ichidan verb / transitive:

  • to see; to look; to watch; to view; to observe
  • to look over; to look on; to assess; to examine; to judge 診る
  • to look after; to keep an eye on; to take care of - usually written using kana alone 看る
  • to view (e.g. flowers, movie) - usu. 観る

auxiliary verb / ichidan verb:

  • to try; to try out; to test - usu. after a conative verb as 〜てみる - usually written using kana alone
  • to see that...; to find that... - usu. after an aconative verb as 〜てみると, 〜てみれば, 〜てみたら, etc. - usually written using kana alone

上司joushigaいくらikura立派なrippanaことkotowo言ってittemo部下bukaha見るmiruところtokorohaちゃんとchanto見ているmiteiru However fine the words of the management, those working for them see what is to be seen.

atamagaくらくらkurakuraしているshiteiruのでnode深くfukaku考えずkangaezuniいい加減なiikagennaことkotowo書いてkaiteみるmiru My head is swimming, so I'll try writing any-old stuff without any deep thought.

多くookunoアメリカ人AMERIKAjinhaテレビTEREBIde「アイ・ラブ・ルーシー」‘AI/RABU/RUUSHII’no再放送saihousouwo観るmirunoga好きsukida Many Americans love to watch reruns of the I Love Lucy show.

今日kyou朝一asa一deポートレートPOOTOREETOno予約yoyakuga入っているhaitteirundaga・・・どうdouda試しにtameshiniやってyatteみるmiruka First thing today there's an appointment for a portrait ... what do you say? Will you try doing it as a test?

かえすkaesu Inflection

godan ~す verb / transitive:

  • to return (something); to restore; to put back - esp. 返す 帰す【かえす】
  • to turn over; to turn upside down; to overturn
  • to pay back; to retaliate; to reciprocate - esp. 返す

suffix / godan ~す verb:

  • to repeat ...; to do ... back - after the -masu stem of a verb

お金okaneha明日ashita返すkaesuyo I'll give you back the money tomorrow.

戦闘sentouni携わるtazusawaru兵士heishiたちtachiha戦闘sentouga止んでいるyandeiruときtokini好んでkononde平穏無事なheionbujina時代jidaiwo想いomoi返すkaesu Combat soldiers during peaceful moments like to reminisce of their halcyon days.

おぼえるoboeru Inflection

ichidan verb / transitive:

  • to memorize; to memorise; to commit to memory; to learn by heart; to bear in mind; to remember
  • to learn; to pick up; to acquire 覚える
  • to feel 覚える
  • to think; to regard 覚える

monowo視覚的にshikakutekini覚えるoboeru器官kikanha視床shishou下部kabunoshitaniあるaru The sight memory organ is below the hypothalamus.

聖書seishowo読むyomuたびにtabiniwatashiha深いfukai感動kandouwo覚えるoboeru Every time I read the Bible, I am deeply moved.

すうsuu Inflection

godan ~う verb / transitive:

  • to smoke; to breathe in; to inhale
  • to suck; to sip; to slurp
  • to absorb; to soak up
  • to kiss

教室kyoushitsudeどうどうとdoudoutoタバコTABAKOwoすうsuu高校生koukouseiたちtachitoそれsorewo注意chuuiできないdekinai教師kyoushiたちtachiha罰を受けるbachiwoukeruことになりますkotoninarimasu High school students who flagrantly smoke in class and the teachers who can't caution them will be punished.

例えばtatoebaたばこtabakowoぷかぷかpukapuka吸うsuu先生senseigaたばこtabakowo吸うsuu生徒seitoni注意chuuiしてshitemoそのsono注意chuuiha矛盾mujunしているshiteiruだろうdarou For example, if a chain-smoking teacher cautions a pupil for smoking, that warning is self-contradictory.

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© Based on JMdict, KANJIDIC2, and JMnedict, property of the Electronic Dictionary Research and Development Group, used in conformance with the Group's licence. Example sentences from the Tatoeba project (CC BY 2.0). Kanji stroke order data from the KanjiVG project by Ulrich Apel (CC BY-SA 3.0). See comprehensive list of data sources for more info.

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