あくaku Inflection

godan ~く verb / intransitive verb:

  • to open (e.g. doors) - esp. 開く
  • to open (e.g. business, etc.) - esp. 開く
  • to be empty - esp. 空く
  • to be vacant; to be available; to be free - esp. 空く
  • to be open (e.g. neckline, etc.) - esp. 明く
  • to have been opened (of one's eyes, mouth, etc.) - esp. 明く
  • to come to an end - esp. 明く

godan ~く verb / transitive:

  • to open (one's eyes, mouth, etc.) - esp. 明く

godan ~く verb / intransitive verb:

  • to have a hole; to form a gap; to have an interval (between events) 穴が開く

ぐいとguito押すosutoドアDOAha開いたhiraita The door yielded to a strong push.

お宅otakunomiseha何時itsuまでmadeあいていますaiteimasuka How late are you open?

1塁gaあいていたaiteitaのでnode打者dashawo歩かせたarukaseta With first base open, he walked the batter.

いつもitsumo何曜日naniyoubiならnara空いていますaiteimasuka What day are you usually free?

hakoha空いていてaiteitenakahaからkaraだったdatta The box was open and empty.

そのsono皮製kawaseino上着uwagino両肘ryouhiji部分bubunga擦り減ってkosurihetteanaga空いたaita The leather jacket has worn out at the elbows.

きくkiku Inflection

godan ~く verb / transitive:

  • to hear
  • to listen (e.g. to music) - usu. 聴く
  • to ask; to enquire; to query - 聴く is more formal
  • to learn of; to hear about
  • to follow (advice); to comply with
  • to smell (esp. incense); to sample fragrance 聞く・聴く 香を聞く

あのanoutawo聴くkikuto必ずkanarazu高校koukou時代jidaiwo思い出すomoidasu I never hear that song without remembering my high school days.

彼等kareraにはniha音楽ongakuwo聴くkikumimigaないnai They don't have an ear for music.

なんでnande聞くkikuno Why do you ask?

ひくhiku Inflection

godan ~く verb / transitive:

  • to pull; to tug; to lead (e.g. a horse)
  • to draw (attention, sympathy, etc.); to attract (e.g. interest) 惹く【ひく】注意を引く
  • to draw back (e.g. one's hand); to draw in (one's chin, stomach, etc.); to pull in
  • to draw (a card, mahjong tile, etc.)
  • to draw (a line, plan, etc.) 図面を引く
  • to catch (a cold) 風邪を引く
  • to play (a stringed or keyboard instrument) 弾く【ひく】
  • to look up (e.g. a dictionary); to consult 辞書を引く
  • to haul; to pull (vehicles) - esp. 牽く
  • to subtract; to deduct
  • to recede; to ebb; to fade
  • to be descend from; to inherit (a characteristic)
  • to quote; to cite; to raise (as evidence)
  • to lay on (electricity, gas, etc.); to install (e.g. a telephone); to supply (e.g. water)
  • to hold (e.g. a note)
  • to apply (e.g. lipstick); to oil (e.g. a pan); to wax (e.g. a floor)

godan ~く verb / intransitive verb:

あんなannahonみたらmitaraフツーのFUTSUUnoonnaha引くhikuもんmonna Obviously a normal woman would lose interest if she saw a book like that!

定規jougiha直線chokusenwo引くhikuのにnoni役立つyakudatsu A ruler helps one to draw a straight line.

ジョンJONhaギターGITAAwo引くhikuことができませんkotogadekimasen John can't play the guitar.

初めてhajimeteno単語tangowo辞書jishodeひくhikunohaよいyoi習慣shuukanであるdearu It is a good habit to look up new words in a dictionary.

10からkarawo引くhikuto、8残るnokoru Two from ten leaves eight.

はれharega引くhikuまでmade何日くらいkuraiかかりますkakarimasuka How many days will it take until the swelling goes down?

さくsaku Inflection

godan ~く verb / intransitive verb:

  • to bloom

これらのkoreranohanahaharuni咲くsaku These flowers bloom in the spring.

かくkaku Inflection

godan ~く verb / transitive:

多くookunohitoga日常nichijounoことkotoについてnitsuitebunwo書くkaku Most people write about their daily life.

ふくfuku Inflection

godan ~く verb / transitive / intransitive verb:

  • to blow (e.g. wind); to play a wind instrument
  • to whistle
  • to laugh; to burst into laughter - often as 吹いた - slang 吹き出す【ふきだす】

godan ~く verb / transitive:

  • to smelt; to mint
  • to brag; to talk big

kazega吹くfukuたびにtabinisakurano花びらhanabiragaひらひらとhirahirato舞い降りてましたmaioritemashita The cherry blossoms flutter down whenever the wind blows.

今日kyouha昨日kinouよりyorikazegaよくyoku吹くfuku It's windier today than it was yesterday.

ひくhiku Inflection

godan ~く verb / transitive:

  • to play (a stringed or keyboard instrument)

だれかdarekagaピアノPIANOwo弾いているhiiteiru Somebody is playing the piano.

おくoku Inflection

godan ~く verb / transitive:

  • to put; to place
  • to leave (behind)
  • to establish (an organization, a facility, a position, etc.); to set up
  • to appoint (someone to a certain position); to hire; to employ
  • to place (one's trust, one's faith, etc); to bear (in mind etc)
  • to put down a tool (e.g. a pen) hence stopping what one is doing with that tool
  • to take in (boarders, etc.); to provide lodging in one's house
  • to separate spatially or temporally

godan ~く verb / auxiliary verb:

  • to do something in advance - after the -te form of a verb - usually written using kana alone
  • to leave something in a certain state; to keep something in a certain state - after the -te form of a verb - usually written using kana alone

kusuriha子供kodomono手の届かないところtenotodokanaitokoroni置くokuべきbekida Medicine should be out of the way of children.

tsukuenoueni寝かせてnekasete置くokuto転がってkorogatte落ちるochiruことがあるkotogaaruのでnode試験管立てshikenkandateni立ててtateteおくoku If you leave them lying on the desk they may roll off, so stand them in the test-tube rack.

彼女kanojohaいつもitsumo自分jibunno部屋heyawoきれいkireiしてshiteおくoku She always keeps her room clean.

つくtsuku Inflection

godan ~く verb / intransitive verb:

  • to arrive at; to reach
  • to sit on; to sit at (e.g. the table) 席に着く

あなたanatagaロンドンRONDONni着くtsukukoroにはniha晩秋banshuuとなっているtonatteiruだろうdarou It will be late autumn when you get to London.

kaku自席jisekiniつきtsukiなさいnasai Go to your respective seats.

はたらくhataraku Inflection

godan ~く verb / intransitive verb:

  • to work; to labor; to labour
  • to function; to operate; to be effective; to work (i.e. ... works); to come into play
  • to commit (e.g. a crime); to perpetrate; to do; to act; to practise; to practice
  • to be conjugated - Linguistics term

彼女kanojoたちtachiha健一ken'ichinoはからいhakaraidemachino様々なsamazamana場所bashode働くhatarakuことになったkotoninatta Thanks to the arrangements made by Ken'ichi, the women found various places to work around town.

おもちゃomochaコンサルタントKONSARUTANTOno方々katagataga甲斐甲斐しくkaigaishiku働くhataraku姿sugatagaとてもtotemo印象的inshoutekiでしたdeshita Seeing the briskly working toy consultants also left a strong impression.

あるくaruku Inflection

godan ~く verb / intransitive verb:

  • to walk

このkonoatsusani10マイルMAIRUmoてくてくtekuteku歩くarukunohaたまらないtamaranai I can't bear to tramp ten miles in this heat.

みがくmigaku Inflection

godan ~く verb / transitive:

  • to polish; to shine; to brush (e.g. teeth); to grind (e.g. lens)
  • to refine (e.g. a skill); to improve; to cultivate

このkono金属kinzokuha磨くmigakutoつやtsuyagaでるderu This metal burnishes well.

ケイトKEITOga演技engiwo磨くmigakuためにtameni注ぐsosoguchikarawo邪魔jamaするsurumonoha何もnanimoありませんでしたarimasendeshita Nothing could hinder Kate from using all her energy to polish her performances.

なくnaku Inflection

godan ~く verb / intransitive verb:

  • to sing (bird)
  • to make sound (animal); to call; to cry; to chirp
  • to make a meld call (e.g. pung, kong) 鳴く - Mahjong term

おんどりondoriよりもyorimoめんどりmendorinohouga大声oogoede鳴くnakuieha悲しいkanashiiieda It is a sad house where the hen crows louder than the cock.

hitsujiha何てnanite鳴くnakuno What sound does a sheep make?

はくhaku穿 Inflection

godan ~く verb / transitive:

  • to put on (or wear) lower-body clothing (i.e. pants, skirt, etc.); to put on (or wear) footwear - usu 履く or 穿く
  • to affix a sword to one's hip - usu. 佩く or 帯く
  • to affix a bowstring to a bow

hahahawatashigaミニスカートMINISUKAATOwoはくhakunowo許さなかったyurusanakatta My mother didn't let me wear a miniskirt.

ひらくhiraku Inflection

godan ~く verb / intransitive verb / transitive:

  • to open; to undo; to unseal; to unpack
  • to bloom; to unfold; to spread out
  • to open (for business, e.g. in the morning)
  • to be wide (gap, etc.); to widen

godan ~く verb / transitive:

  • to hold (meeting, etc.); to give; to open
  • to found (nation, dynasty, sect, etc.); to open (a new business); to set up; to establish; to start
  • to open (ports, borders, etc.)
  • to open (an account)
  • to open up (new land, path, etc.); to clear; to develop 拓く
  • to open (a file, etc.) - IT term
  • to extract (root); to reduce (equation) - Mathematics term
  • to cut open (fish) - as 魚を開く - Food term
  • to change (kanji into hiragana)

godan ~く verb / intransitive verb:

  • to flare (e.g. skirt)
  • to slacken (into a poor posture) - as 体が開く, 肩が開く, etc. - Sports term

先週senshuu私達watashitachiha舞踏会butoukaiwo開きましたhirakimashita We gave a ball last week.

niwanoバラBARAnokinoつぼみtsubomiga少しずつsukoshizutsu開きhiraki始めるhajimeru Little by little, the buds on the rosebush in my garden begin to open.

私達watashitachihaそのsonomisega開くhirakuまでmadeしばらくshibaraku待つmatsuよりyori仕方がなかったshikataganakatta We had no choice but to wait for a while until the store opened.

かわくkawaku Inflection

godan ~く verb / intransitive verb:

  • to get dry

そのsonoぬれたnuretaシャツSHATSUhaすぐにsuguni乾くkawakuだろうdarou The wet shirt will soon dry up.

なくnakuirr. Inflection

godan ~く verb:

  • to cry; to weep; to sob; to howl

さぁsaa笑っwarate泣くnakunohago Smile now, cry later!

おどろくodoroku Inflection

godan ~く verb / intransitive verb:

  • to be surprised; to be astonished

驚くodorokuことkotodehaないnaine It's not surprising.

やくyakuoldold Inflection

godan ~く verb / transitive:

  • to burn
  • to roast; to broil; to grill; to bake; to toast; to barbecue
  • to heat; to heat up
  • to make (charcoal, pottery, bricks, etc.); to bake; to fire; to burn
  • to tan (i.e. suntan); to burn 灼く【やく】
  • to print (a photo); to burn (an optical disc)
  • to be jealous of; to be envious of; to envy 妬く【やく】

hahaha日曜日nichiyoubiにはnihaクッキーKUKKIIwo焼くyaku Mother bakes cookies on Sundays.

windowXPにはnihaCDCDwo焼くyaku機能kinougaあるaruそうsouですdesugaそのsono手順tejunwo解説kaisetsuしているshiteiruページPEEJIwo教えてoshieteくださいkudasai I hear that you can burn CDs with Windows XP; could you tell me a website that explains the procedures involved?

多くookunohitogaスポンジSUPONJIケーキKEEKIwo焼くyakunoha難しいmuzukashiito考えkangaeteいるiruしかしながらshikashinagara十分juubunnaryounotamagowo使用shiyouすれsureba実際jissainanimo失敗shippaiするsuruようyounaことkotohaないnai Many people think that sponge cake is difficult to bake, but if you use enough eggs, nothing can really go wrong.

つづくtsuzuku Inflection

godan ~く verb / intransitive verb:

  • to continue; to last; to go on
  • to continue (without a break); to be unbroken
  • to occur again and again
  • to lead to; to connect to; to adjoin
  • to come after; to follow; to succeed; to rank next to
  • to hold out; to keep; to last

arashihaいつまでitsumade続くtsuzukunoだろうかdarouka How long will the storm last?

延々とen'ento続くtsuzukukurumanoretsugaあったatta There was a continuous line of cars.

このところkonotokoro飛行機hikouki事故jikoga続くtsuzuku There have been a lot of airplane accidents recently.

ホテルHOTERUni続くtsuzukumichiha狭いsemai The road which leads to the hotel is narrow.

うごくugoku Inflection

godan ~く verb / intransitive verb:

  • to move; to stir; to shift; to shake; to swing
  • to operate; to run; to go; to work
  • to be touched; to be influenced
  • to change; to vary; to fluctuate; to waver
  • certain; factual - as 動かぬ, 動かない, etc.
  • to be transferred

kata関節kansetsuha単独tandokude動くugokuほかhokaudeno動きugokinimo連動rendouしてshite動きますugokimasu The shoulder joints, as well as moving on their own, also move in conjunction with arm movements.

路面電車romendenshaha電気denkide動くugoku Streetcars run on electricity.

kareha動くugokukotogaできなかったdekinakatta He was unable to move.

わくwaku Inflection

godan ~く verb / intransitive verb:

  • to grow hot (e.g. water); to boil
  • to get excited (at); to erupt (in applause, cheering, etc.); to be in a ferment; to take place energetically
  • to ferment
  • to melt (of metal)

彼女kanojohaお茶ochawo入れるirerumaeniお湯oyuga沸くwakuまでmade待ったmatta She waited until the water boiled before making the tea with it.

つくtsuku Inflection

godan ~く verb / intransitive verb:

  • to be attached; to be connected with; to adhere; to stick; to cling
  • to remain imprinted; to scar; to stain; to dye
  • to bear (fruit, interest, etc.)
  • to be acquired (of a habit, ability, etc.); to increase (of strength, etc.)
  • to take root
  • to accompany; to attend; to follow; to study with
  • to side with; to belong to
  • to possess; to haunt 憑く
  • to be lit; to be lighted 点く
  • to be settled; to be resolved; to be decided
  • to be given (of a name, price, etc.)
  • to be sensed; to be perceived
  • to be lucky - from 運がつく

suffix / godan ~く verb:

  • to become (a state, condition, etc.) - after -masu stems, onomatopoeic and mimetic words 付く【づく】

ボイラBOIRAha湯あかyuakagaびっしりbisshiriついたtsuita The boiler was heavily scaled.

それらsoreranoushiにはniha焼き印yakiingaついているtsuiteiru The cattle are marked with brands.

karehatsumaga死んでshinde以来iraisakewo飲むnomukusegaついたtsuita He has taken to drinking since the death of his wife.

風呂furohaついてますtsuitemasuka Does it have a bathroom?

karehaそのsono討論touronde反対派hantaihani付いたtsuita He sided with the opposition group in the argument.

テレビTEREBIga付きませんtsukimasen The TV won't turn on.

きづくkizuku Inflection

godan ~く verb / intransitive verb:

  • to notice; to recognize; to recognise; to become aware of; to perceive; to realize; to realise

歌詞kashiwomiteみれmirebaあまりamari意味imiga無いnaiことkotoni気付くkizukuでしょdeshou If you look at the lyrics, they don't really mean much.

おいつくoitsuku Inflection

godan ~く verb / intransitive verb:

  • to catch up (with); to draw level; to pull even; to reach
  • to be compensated; to make up for one's losses

トムTOMUni追いつくoitsukuためにtameni走らhashiraなければならなかったnakerebanaranakatta I had to run to catch up with Tom.

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© Based on JMdict, KANJIDIC2, and JMnedict, property of the Electronic Dictionary Research and Development Group, used in conformance with the Group's licence. Example sentences from the Tatoeba project (CC BY 2.0). Kanji stroke order data from the KanjiVG project by Ulrich Apel (CC BY-SA 3.0). See comprehensive list of data sources for more info.

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